PHP 5.2.0 session.save_path safe_mode and open_basedir bypass

Published
Credit
Risk
2006.12.08
Maksymilian Arciemowicz
High
CWE
CVE
Local
Remote
N/A
CVE-2006-6383
Yes
No

CVSS Base Score
Impact Subscore
Exploitability Subscore
4.6/10
6.4/10
3.9/10
Exploit range
Attack complexity
Authentication
Local
Low
No required
Confidentiality impact
Integrity impact
Availability impact
Partial
Partial
Partial

[PHP 5.2.0 session.save_path safe_mode and open_basedir bypass]


Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz
Date:
- - Written: 02.10.2006
- - Public: 08.12.2006
CVE: CVE-2006-6383
Risk: High
Affected Software: PHP 5.2.0
Vendor: http://www.php.net

- --- 0.Description ---
PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically generated pages quickly.

A nice introduction to PHP by Stig Sather Bakken can be found at http://www.zend.com/zend/art/intro.php on the Zend website. Also, much of the PHP Conference Material is freely available.

Session support in PHP consists of a way to preserve certain data across subsequent accesses. This enables you to build more customized applications and increase the appeal of your web site.

A visitor accessing your web site is assigned a unique id, the so-called session id. This is either stored in a cookie on the user side or is propagated in the URL.

session.save_path defines the argument which is passed to the save handler. If you choose the default files handler, this is the path where the files are created. Defaults to /tmp. See also session_save_path().

There is an optional N argument to this directive that determines the number of directory levels your session files will be spread around in. For example, setting to '5;/tmp' may end up creating a session file and location like /tmp/4/b/1/e/3/sess_4b1e384ad74619bd212e236e52a5a174If . In order to use N you must create all of these directories before use. A small shell script exists in ext/session to do this, it's called mod_files.sh. Also note that if N is used and greater than 0 then automatic garbage collection will not be performed, see a copy of php.ini for further information. Also, if you use N, be sure to surround session.save_path in "quotes" because the separator (;) is also used for comments in php.ini.

- --- 1. session.save_path safe mode and open basedir bypass ---
session.save_path can be set in ini_set(), session_save_path() function. In session.save_path there must be path where you will save yours tmp file. But syntax for session.save_path can be:

[/PATH]

OR

[N;/PATH]

N - can be a string.

EXAMPLES:

1. session_save_path("/DIR/WHERE/YOU/HAVE/ACCESS")
2. session_save_path("5;/DIR/WHERE/YOU/HAVE/ACCESS")

and

3. session_save_path("/DIR/WHERE/YOU/DONT/HAVE/ACCESS\;/DIR/WHERE/YOU/HAVE/ACCESS")


- -1477-1493--- Code from PHP520 ext/session/session.c [START]
PHP_FUNCTION(session_save_path)
{
zval **p_name;
int ac = ZEND_NUM_ARGS();
char *old;

if (ac < 0 || ac > 1 || zend_get_parameters_ex(ac, &p_name) == FAILURE)
WRONG_PARAM_COUNT;

old = estrdup(PS(save_path));

if (ac == 1) {
convert_to_string_ex(p_name);
zend_alter_ini_entry("session.save_path", sizeof("session.save_path"), Z_STRVAL_PP(p_name), Z_STRLEN_PP(p_name), PHP_INI_USER, PHP_INI_STAGE_RUNTIME);
}

RETVAL_STRING(old, 0);
}
- -1477-1493--- Code from PHP520 ext/session/session.c [END]

Values are set to hash_memory (but before that, safe_mode and open_basedir check this value).
And if you are starting session (for example session_start()), that value from session.save_path is checked by function PS_OPEN_FUNC(files).

- -242-300--- Code from PHP520 ext/session/mod_files.c [START]
PS_OPEN_FUNC(files)
{
ps_files *data;
const char *p, *last;
const char *argv[3];
int argc = 0;
size_t dirdepth = 0;
int filemode = 0600;

if (*save_path == '\') {
/* if save path is an empty string, determine the temporary dir */
save_path = php_get_temporary_directory();
}

/* split up input parameter */
last = save_path;
p = strchr(save_path, ';');
while (p) {
argv[argc++] = last;
last = ++p;
p = strchr(p, ';');
if (argc > 1) break;
}
argv[argc++] = last;

if (argc > 1) {
errno = 0;
dirdepth = (size_t) strtol(argv[0], NULL, 10);
if (errno == ERANGE) {
php_error(E_WARNING,
"The first parameter in session.save_path is invalid");
return FAILURE;
}
}

if (argc > 2) {
errno = 0;
filemode = strtol(argv[1], NULL, 8);
if (errno == ERANGE || filemode < 0 || filemode > 07777) {
php_error(E_WARNING,
"The second parameter in session.save_path is invalid");
return FAILURE;
}
}
save_path = argv[argc - 1];

data = emalloc(sizeof(*data));
memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));

data->fd = -1;
data->dirdepth = dirdepth;
data->filemode = filemode;
data->basedir_len = strlen(save_path);
data->basedir = estrndup(save_path, data->basedir_len);

PS_SET_MOD_DATA(data);

return SUCCESS;
}
- -242-300--- Code from PHP520 ext/session/mod_files.c [END]

Because in session.save_path there is a NULL byte before ";", strchr() doesn't see ";" and path is /DIR/WHERE/YOU/DONT/HAVE/ACCESS.

Problem exists because safe_mode and open_basedir check what is after ;. And it is needed to set correct path after ";".

- --- 2. How to fix ---
http://cvs.php.net/viewcvs.cgi/php-src/NEWS

- --- 3. Contact ---
Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz

References:

http://lists.suse.com/archive/suse-security-announce/2007-Mar/0003.html
http://cvs.php.net/viewcvs.cgi/php-src/ext/session/session.c?r1=1.336.2.53.2.7&r2=1.336.2.53.2.8
http://www.openpkg.com/security/advisories/OpenPKG-SA-2007.010.html
http://www.mandriva.com/security/advisories?name=MDKSA-2007:038


See this note in RAW Version

 
Bugtraq RSS
Bugtraq
 
CVE RSS
CVEMAP
 
REDDIT
REDDIT
 
DIGG
DIGG
 
LinkedIn
LinkedIn


Copyright 2016, cxsecurity.com