Bug: Grub Legacy Security Model bypass exploiting wrong BIOS API usage ( Ascii Version )

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Grub Legacy Security Model bypass exploiting wrong BIOS API usage

Published
Credit
Risk
2008.09.04
iViZ
Low
CWE
CVE
Local
Remote
CWE-200
CVE-2008-3896
Yes
No

CVSS Base Score
Impact Subscore
Exploitability Subscore
2.1/10
2.9/10
3.9/10
Exploit range
Attack complexity
Authentication
Local
Low
No required
Confidentiality impact
Integrity impact
Availability impact
Partial
None
None

-----------------------------------------------------------------------
[ iViZ Security Advisory 08-009 25/08/2008 ]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
iViZ Techno Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
http://www.ivizsecurity.com
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

* Title: Grub Legacy Security Model bypass exploiting wrong BIOS API
usage
* Date: 25/08/2008
* Software: Grub Legacy

--[ Synopsis:

The password checking routine of Grub fails to sanitize the
BIOS keyboard buffer before AND after reading passwords.

--[ Affected Software:

* Grub Legacy 0.97 (current) and all previous versions

--[ Technical description:

Grub's pre-boot authentication routines use the BIOS API to
read user input via the keyboard. The BIOS internally copies the
keystrokes in a RAM structure called the BIOS Keyboard buffer
inside the BIOS Data Area. This buffer is not flushed after use,
resulting in potential plain text password leakage once the OS
is fully booted, assuming the attacker can read the password at
physical memory location 0x40:0x1e. It is also possible for a root
user to reboot the computer by instrumenting the BIOS keyboard
buffer in spite of the full disk encryption.

--[ Impact:

1) Plain text password disclosure.
Required privileges to perform this operation are OS dependent,
from unprivileged users under Windows (any), to root under most
Unix.

2) A privileged attacker able to write to the MBR and knowing the
password (for instance thanks to 1), is able to reboot the computer
in spite of the password prompted at boot time (and in spite of
disk encryption) by initializing the BIOS keyboard buffer with the
correct password (using an intermediary bootloader that will in turn
run Grub).

--[ Full Technical Whitepaper

http://www.ivizsecurity.com/research/preboot/preboot_whitepaper.pdf

--[ Vendor response:

* No Response from author in spite of multiple solicitations.

* vendor-sec (at) lst (dot) de [email concealed] has been intimated and distribution makers are
working on separate fixes.

--[ Credits:

This vulnerability was discovered by Security Researcher
Jonathan Brossard from iViZ Techno Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

--[ Disclosure timeline:

* First private disclosure to vendor on July 15th 2008
* Contacted vendor-sec (at) lst (dot) de [email concealed] and bug-grub (at) gnu (dot) org [email concealed] on July
29th 2008
* First Public disclosure at Defcon 16 on August 10th 2008

--[ Reference:

http://www.ivizsecurity.com/security-advisory.html

References:

http://www.securityfocus.com/archive/1/archive/1/495726/100/0/threaded
http://www.ivizsecurity.com/research/preboot/preboot_whitepaper.pdf
http://www.ivizsecurity.com/preboot-patch.html

See this note in TXT Version

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Ascii Version