Vtiger CRM 5.2.0 Multiple Vulnerabilities

2010-11-29 / 2010-11-30
Credit: ascii
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes

Vtiger CRM 5.2.0 Multiple Vulnerabilities Name Multiple Vulnerabilities in Vtiger CRM Systems Affected Vtiger CRM 5.2.0 and possibly earlier versions Severity Medium Impact (CVSSv2) Medium 9/10, vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:C) Vendor http://www.vtigercrm.com Advisory http://www.ush.it/team/ush/hack-vtigercrm_520/vtigercrm_520.txt Authors Giovanni "evilaliv3" Pellerano (evilaliv3 AT ush DOT it) Alessandro "jekil" Tanasi (alessandro AT tanasi DOT it) Date 20101116 I. BACKGROUND Vtiger CRM is a free, full-featured, 100% Open Source CRM software ideal for small and medium businesses, with low-cost product support available to production users that need reliable support. II. DESCRIPTION Multiple Vulnerabilities exist in Vtiger CRM software. III. ANALYSIS Summary: A) Remote Code Execution (RCE) Vulnerability B) Local File Inclusion (LFI) Vulnerability (pre-auth) C) Cross Site Scripting (XSS) Vulnerabilities (pre-auth, reflected) D) Cross Site Scripting (XSS) Vulnerabilities (post-auth, reflected) A) Remote Code Execution (RCE) Vulnerability A Remote Code Execution vulnerability exists in Vtiger CRM version 5.2.0. In order to exploit this vulnerability an account on the CRM system is required. The vulnerability resides in the "Compose Mail" section. The software permits sending email with attachments and offers a draft save feature. When this feature is used and an attachment is specified, the "sanitizeUploadFileName($fileName, $badFileExtensions)" validation routine is called. This routine involves some security checks to handle uploaded files, it does blacklist extension checking and if a bad extension is detected the txt extension is appended to the file-name. The blacklist array, defined inside config.inc.php, lacks the "phtml" extension, well known to be supported by some distributions and packaging, allowing an attacker to execute the uploaded file and causing the vulnerability. Below is the blacklist array defined in config.template.php: --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- 112: $upload_badext = array('php', 'php3', 'php4', 'php5', 'pl', 'cgi', 'py', 'asp', 'cfm', 'js', 'vbs', 'html', 'htm', 'exe', 'bin', 'bat', 'sh', dll', 'phps'); --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- For the exploitation methodology for this issue we remand to [1], a previous advisory of ours. B) Local File Inclusion (LFI) Vulnerability (pre-auth) A Local File Inclusion vulnerability exists in Vtiger CRM version 5.2.0. The vulnerability can be exploited by unauthenticated users. The vulnerability is present due to insecure statements in the script phprint.php that forward unfiltered user inputs directly to an include() function call. Below are the insecure statements in phprint.php: --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- 61: $lang_crm = (empty($_GET['lang_crm'])) ? $default_language : $_GET['lang_crm']; 62: $app_strings = return_application_language($lang_crm); --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- Where the function return_application_language() is defined in include/utils/utils.php as follows: --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- 427: function return_application_language($language) 428: { /.../ 435: @include("include/language/$language.lang.php"); /.../ 464: } --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- The same issue is also present in graph.php: --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- 47: if(isset($_REQUEST['current_language'])) 48: { 49: $current_language = $_REQUEST['current_language']; 50: } 51: 52: // retrieve the translated strings. 53: $app_strings = return_application_language($current_language); --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- The two vulnerable flaws can be triggered, for example, using: --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- curl -kis "http://127.0.0.1/vtigercrm/phprint.php?lang_crm=/../[..]/../ etc/passwd%00&module=a&action=a&activity_mode= curl -kis "http://127.0.0.1/vtigercrm/graph.php?current_language=/../[..]/../ etc/passwd%00&module=Accounts&action=Import&parenttab=Support" --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- C) Cross Site Scripting vulnerabilities (pre-auth, reflected) A reflected XSS vulnerability exists in Vtiger CRM version 5.2.0. The vulnerability can be exploited against unauthenticated users only. The vulnerability is present on the login form, and can be triggered using these inputs: - username: " onmouseover="javascript:alert('XSS'); - password: " onmouseover="javascript:alert('XSS'); PoC URL that exploits this vulnerability: --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- http://127.0.0.1/vtigercrm/index.php?module=Users&action=Login&default_u ser_name =%22%20onmouseover=%22javascript:alert('XSS'); --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- D) Cross Site Scripting (XSS) Vulnerabilities (post-auth, reflected) A reflected XSS vulnerability exists in Vtiger CRM version 5.2.0. The vulnerability can be exploited against authenticated users only. The vulnerability is present due to insecure statements in the script modules/Settings/GetFieldInfo.php that reflect unfiltered user inputs inside the page output. PoC URL that exploits this vulnerability: --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- http://127.0.0.1/vtigercrm/index.php?module=Settings&action=GetFieldInfo &label =%3Cscript%3Ealert(123)%3C/scrip%3E --8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<--8<-- IV. DETECTION Vtiger CRM 5.2.0 and possibly earlier versions are vulnerable. Vtiger CRM can be identified using the following google dork: - intitle:"vtiger CRM 5 - Commercial Open Source CRM" V. WORKAROUND No fix available. VI. VENDOR RESPONSE "We were able to reproduce the issues you reported on 5.2, and are working on releasing a security update shortly. We expect to release this update within the next 3 to 4 weeks, after running some more tests." VII. CVE INFORMATION CVE-2010-3909 [A] CVE-2010-3910 [B] CVE-2010-3911 [C, D] VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE 20101009 Bugs discovered 20101012 First vendor contact 20101012 Vendor response (Sreenivas Kanumuru) 20101012 Contacted Steven M. Christey (mitre.org) 20101012 CVEs assigned by Steven M. Christey 20100102 Vtiger CRM team confirms vulnerability (Sreenivas Kanumuru) 20101015 Advisory release scheduled for 20101115 20101116 Advisory released IX. REFERENCES [1] Vtiger CRM 5.0.4 Multiple Vulnerabilities http://www.ush.it/team/ush/hack-vtigercrm_504/vtigercrm_504.txt X. CREDIT Giovanni "evilaliv3" Pellerano, Alessandro "jekil" Tanasi are credited with the discovery of this vulnerability. Giovanni "evilaliv3" Pellerano web site: http://www.ush.it/, http://www.evilaliv3.org/ mail: evilaliv3 AT ush DOT it Alessandro "jekil" Tanasi web site: http://www.tanasi.it/ mail: alessandro AT tanasi DOT it XI. LEGAL NOTICES Copyright (c) 2010 Francesco "ascii" Ongaro Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert electronically. It may not be edited in any way without mine express written consent. If you wish to reprint the whole or any part of this alert in any other medium other than electronically, please email me for permission. Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition. There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct, indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or reliance on, this information.

Referencje:

http://www.ush.it/team/ush/hack-vtigercrm_520/vtigercrm_520.txt
http://www.securityfocus.com/archive/1/archive/1/514846/100/0/threaded
http://wiki.vtiger.com/index.php/Vtiger521:Release_Notes
http://vtiger.com/blogs/2010/11/16/vtiger-crm-521-is-released/
http://secunia.com/advisories/42246


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