Zenitel AlphaCom XE Audio Server Shell Upload

Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-264

I. VULNERABILITY ------------------------- AlphaWeb XE - Authenticated Insecure File Upload leading to RCE II. CVE REFERENCE ------------------------- CVE-2021-40845 III. VENDOR ------------------------- https://www.zenitel.com/ IV. DESCRIPTION ------------------------- The web part of Zenitel AlphaCom XE Audio Server through, called AlphaWeb XE, does not restrict file upload in the Custom Scripts section at php/index.php. Neither the content nor extension of the uploaded files is checked, allowing execution of PHP code under the /cmd directory. To exploit this vulnerability, someone must authenticate in the server and access the "Scripts" button in the "Custom scripts" tab. ![img1](https://github.com/ricardojoserf/ricardojoserf.github.io/blob/master/images/alphaweb-rce/image1.png?raw=true) Then, the button "Choose file" is clicked and the file is uploaded clicking "Upload". ![img3](https://github.com/ricardojoserf/ricardojoserf.github.io/blob/master/images/alphaweb-rce/image3.png?raw=true) The PHP test file is a simple one-line reverse shell: ![img2](https://github.com/ricardojoserf/ricardojoserf.github.io/blob/master/images/alphaweb-rce/image2.png?raw=true) The new file, with the same name, extension and content is listed in the Scripts page: ![img4](https://github.com/ricardojoserf/ricardojoserf.github.io/blob/master/images/alphaweb-rce/image4.png?raw=true) The path of these files is /cmd/$FILE$. Knowing the path, as there is not any restriction the file upload functionality, uploading a PHP reverse shell or cmdshell allows to get Remote Code Execution in the server: ![img5](https://github.com/ricardojoserf/ricardojoserf.github.io/blob/master/images/alphaweb-rce/image5.png?raw=true) V. REFERENCES ------------------------- https://wiki.zenitel.com/wiki/AlphaWeb https://wiki.zenitel.com/wiki/AlphaWeb_Custom_Scripts https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-40845 VI. CREDIT ------------------------- Ricardo José Ruiz Fernández (@ricardojoserf)

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