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'Kace system management appliance'
The 'systemui/settings_network.php' and 'systemui/settings_patching.php' scripts in the Quest KACE System Management Appliance 8.0.318 are accessible only from localhost. This restriction can be bypassed by modifying the 'Host' and 'X_Forwarded_For' HTTP headers in a POST request. An anonymous user can abuse this vulnerability to execute critical functions without authorization.
The 'IMAGES_JSON' and 'attachments_to_remove' parameters of the '/adminui/advisory.php' script in the Quest KACE System Management Virtual Appliance 8.0.318 can be abused to write and delete files respectively via Directory Traversal. Files can be at any location where the 'www' user has write permissions.
The 'reportID' parameter received by the '/common/run_report.php' script in the Quest KACE System Management Appliance 8.0.318 is not sanitized, leading to SQL injection (in particular, an error-based type).
The '/common/ajax_email_connection_test.php' script in the Quest KACE System Management Appliance 8.0.318 is accessible by any authenticated user and can be abused to execute arbitrary commands on the system. This script is vulnerable to command injection via the unsanitized user input 'TEST_SERVER' sent to the script via the POST method.
The '/common/download_agent_installer.php' script in the Quest KACE System Management Appliance 8.0.318 is accessible by anonymous users and can be abused to execute arbitrary commands on the system.
The 'checksum' parameter of the '/common/download_attachment.php' script in the Quest KACE System Management Appliance 8.0.318 can be abused to read arbitrary files with 'www' privileges via Directory Traversal. No administrator privileges are needed to execute this script.
The 'orgID' parameter received by the '/common/download_agent_installer.php' script in the Quest KACE System Management Appliance 8.0.318 is not sanitized, leading to SQL injection (in particular, a blind time-based type).
The script '/adminui/error_details.php' in the Quest KACE System Management Appliance 8.0.318 allows authenticated users to conduct PHP object injection attacks.
In order to perform actions that requires higher privileges, the Quest KACE System Management Appliance 8.0.318 relies on a message queue managed that runs with root privileges and only allows a set of commands. One of the available commands allows changing any user's password (including root). A low-privilege user could abuse this feature by changing the password of the 'kace_support' account, which comes disabled by default but has full sudo privileges.
The 'fmt' parameter of the '/common/run_cross_report.php' script in the the Quest KACE System Management Appliance 8.0.318 is vulnerable to cross-site scripting.
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