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An exploitable command injection vulnerability exists in the gplotMakeOutput function of Leptonica 1.74.4. A specially crafted gplot rootname argument can cause a command injection resulting in arbitrary code execution. An attacker can provide a malicious path as input to an application that passes attacker data to this function to trigger this vulnerability.
An issue was discovered in Leptonica through 1.75.3. The gplotMakeOutput function does not block '/' characters in the gplot rootname argument, potentially leading to path traversal and arbitrary file overwrite.
Leptonica through 1.75.3 uses hardcoded /tmp pathnames, which might allow local users to overwrite arbitrary files or have unspecified other impact by creating files in advance or winning a race condition, as demonstrated by /tmp/junk_split_image.ps in prog/splitimage2pdf.c.
An issue was discovered in Leptonica through 1.75.3. The gplotMakeOutput function allows command injection via a $(command) approach in the gplot rootname argument. This issue exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2018-3836.
Leptonica 1.74.4 constructs unintended pathnames (containing duplicated path components) when operating on files in /tmp subdirectories, which might allow local users to bypass intended file restrictions by leveraging access to a directory located deeper within the /tmp directory tree, as demonstrated by /tmp/ANY/PATH/ANY/PATH/input.tif.
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