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In FreeBSD 13.0-STABLE before n247428-9352de39c3dc, 12.2-STABLE before r370674, 13.0-RELEASE before p6, and 12.2-RELEASE before p12, certain conditions involving use of the highlight buffer while text is scrolling on the console, console data may overwrite data structures associated with the system console or other kernel memory.
FreeBSD's crontab calculates the MD5 sum of the previous and new cronjob to determine if any changes have been made before copying the new version in. In particular, it uses the MD5File() function, which takes a pathname as an argument, and is called with euid 0. A race condition in this process may lead to an arbitrary MD5 comparison regardless of the read permissions.
In FreeBSD 12.2-STABLE before r368250, 11.4-STABLE before r368253, 12.2-RELEASE before p1, 12.1-RELEASE before p11 and 11.4-RELEASE before p5 when processing a DNSSL option, rtsold(8) decodes domain name labels per an encoding specified in RFC 1035 in which the first octet of each label contains the label's length. rtsold(8) did not validate label lengths correctly and could overflow the destination buffer.
In FreeBSD 12.2-STABLE before r368250, 11.4-STABLE before r368253, 12.2-RELEASE before p1, 12.1-RELEASE before p11 and 11.4-RELEASE before p5 rtsold(8) does not verify that the RDNSS option does not extend past the end of the received packet before processing its contents. While the kernel currently ignores such malformed packets, it passes them to userspace programs. Any programs expecting the kernel to do validation may be vulnerable to an overflow.
In FreeBSD 12.2-STABLE before r365772, 11.4-STABLE before r365773, 12.1-RELEASE before p10, 11.4-RELEASE before p4 and 11.3-RELEASE before p14 a ftpd(8) bug in the implementation of the file system sandbox, combined with capabilities available to an authenticated FTP user, can be used to escape the file system restriction configured in ftpchroot(5). Moreover, the bug allows a malicious client to gain root privileges.
In FreeBSD 12.2-STABLE before r365767, 11.4-STABLE before r365769, 12.1-RELEASE before p10, 11.4-RELEASE before p4 and 11.3-RELEASE before p14 a number of AMD virtualization instructions operate on host physical addresses, are not subject to nested page table translation, and guest use of these instructions was not trapped.
In FreeBSD 12.2-STABLE before r365730, 11.4-STABLE before r365738, 12.1-RELEASE before p10, 11.4-RELEASE before p4, and 11.3-RELEASE before p14, a programming error in the ure(4) device driver caused some Realtek USB Ethernet interfaces to incorrectly report packets with more than 2048 bytes in a single USB transfer as having a length of only 2048 bytes. An adversary can exploit this to cause the driver to misinterpret part of the payload of a large packet as a separate packet, and thereby inject packets across security boundaries such as VLANs.
In FreeBSD 12.1-STABLE before r364644, 11.4-STABLE before r364651, 12.1-RELEASE before p9, 11.4-RELEASE before p3, and 11.3-RELEASE before p13, improper handling in the kernel causes a use-after-free bug by sending large user messages from multiple threads on the same SCTP socket. The use-after-free situation may result in unintended kernel behaviour including a kernel panic.
In 11.4-PRERELEASE before r360733 and 11.3-RELEASE before p13, improper mbuf handling in the kernel causes a use-after-free bug by sending IPv6 Hop-by-Hop options over the loopback interface. The use-after-free situation may result in unintended kernel behaviour including a kernel panic.
In FreeBSD 12.1-STABLE before r365010, 11.4-STABLE before r365011, 12.1-RELEASE before p9, 11.4-RELEASE before p3, and 11.3-RELEASE before p13, dhclient(8) fails to handle certain malformed input related to handling of DHCP option 119 resulting a heap overflow. The heap overflow could in principle be exploited to achieve remote code execution. The affected process runs with reduced privileges in a Capsicum sandbox, limiting the immediate impact of an exploit.
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