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An issue was discovered in Sangoma Asterisk 13.x before 13.38.3, 16.x before 16.19.1, 17.x before 17.9.4, and 18.x before 18.5.1, and Certified Asterisk before 16.8-cert10. If the IAX2 channel driver receives a packet that contains an unsupported media format, a crash can occur.
A stack-based buffer overflow in res_rtp_asterisk.c in Sangoma Asterisk before 16.16.1, 17.x before 17.9.2, and 18.x before 18.2.1 and Certified Asterisk before 16.8-cert6 allows an authenticated WebRTC client to cause an Asterisk crash by sending multiple hold/unhold requests in quick succession. This is caused by a signedness comparison mismatch.
Incorrect access controls in res_srtp.c in Sangoma Asterisk 13.38.1, 16.16.0, 17.9.1, and 18.2.0 and Certified Asterisk 16.8-cert5 allow a remote unauthenticated attacker to prematurely terminate secure calls by replaying SRTP packets.
An issue was discovered in res_pjsip_session.c in Digium Asterisk through 13.38.1; 14.x, 15.x, and 16.x through 16.16.0; 17.x through 17.9.1; and 18.x through 18.2.0, and Certified Asterisk through 16.8-cert5. An SDP negotiation vulnerability in PJSIP allows a remote server to potentially crash Asterisk by sending specific SIP responses that cause an SDP negotiation failure.
An issue was discovered in Sangoma Asterisk 16.x before 16.16.1, 17.x before 17.9.2, and 18.x before 18.2.1 and Certified Asterisk before 16.8-cert6. When re-negotiating for T.38, if the initial remote response was delayed just enough, Asterisk would send both audio and T.38 in the SDP. If this happened, and the remote responded with a declined T.38 stream, then Asterisk would crash.
An issue was discovered in res_pjsip_t38.c in Sangoma Asterisk through 13.x and Certified Asterisk through 13.21-x. If it receives a re-invite initiating T.38 faxing and has a port of 0 and no c line in the SDP, a NULL pointer dereference and crash will occur. This is different from CVE-2019-18940.
An issue was discovered in channels/chan_sip.c in Sangoma Asterisk 13.x, 16.x, and 17.x, and Certified Asterisk 13.21, because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2019-18351. A SIP request can be sent to Asterisk that can change a SIP peer's IP address. A REGISTER does not need to occur, and calls can be hijacked as a result. The only thing that needs to be known is the peer's name; authentication details such as passwords do not need to be known. This vulnerability is only exploitable when the nat option is set to the default, or auto_force_rport.
An issue was discovered in manager.c in Sangoma Asterisk through 13.x, 16.x, 17.x and Certified Asterisk 13.21 through 13.21-cert4. A remote authenticated Asterisk Manager Interface (AMI) user without system authorization could use a specially crafted Originate AMI request to execute arbitrary system commands.
An issue was discovered in Asterisk Open Source through 13.27.0, 14.x and 15.x through 15.7.2, and 16.x through 16.4.0, and Certified Asterisk through 13.21-cert3. A pointer dereference in chan_sip while handling SDP negotiation allows an attacker to crash Asterisk when handling an SDP answer to an outgoing T.38 re-invite. To exploit this vulnerability an attacker must cause the chan_sip module to send a T.38 re-invite request to them. Upon receipt, the attacker must send an SDP answer containing both a T.38 UDPTL stream and another media stream containing only a codec (which is not permitted according to the chan_sip configuration).
Buffer overflow in res_pjsip_messaging in Digium Asterisk versions 13.21-cert3, 13.27.0, 15.7.2, 16.4.0 and earlier allows remote authenticated users to crash Asterisk by sending a specially crafted SIP MESSAGE message.
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