Firefox: serious cookie stealing / same-domain bypass vulnerability

2007-02-19 / 2007-02-20
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-264


CVSS Base Score: 7.5/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

There is a serious vulnerability in Mozilla Firefox, tested with 2.0.0.1, but quite certainly affecting all recent versions. The problem lies in how Firefox handles writes to the 'location.hostname' DOM property. It is possible for a script to set it to values that would not otherwise be accepted as a hostname when parsing a regular URL - including a string containing \x00. Doing this prompts a peculiar behavior: internally, DOM string variables are not NUL-terminated, and as such, most of checks will consider 'evil.com\x00foo.example.com' to be a part of *.example.com domain. The DNS resolver, however, and much of the remaining browser code, operates on ASCIZ strings native to C/C++ instead, treating the aforementioned example as 'evil.com'. This makes it possible for evil.com to modify location.hostname as described above, and have the resulting HTTP request still sent to evil.com. Once the new page is loaded, the attacker will be able to set cookies for *.example.com; he'll be also able to alter document.domain accordingly, in order to bypass the same-origin policy for XMLHttpRequest and cross-frame / cross-window data access. A quick demonstration is available here: http://lcamtuf.dione.cc/ffhostname.html If you want to confirm a successful exploitation, check Tools -> Options -> Privacy -> Show Cookies... for coredump.cx after the test; for the demo to succeed, the browser needs to have Javascript enabled, and must accept session cookies. The impact is quite severe: malicious sites can manipulate authentication cookies for third-party webpages, and, by the virtue of bypassing same-origin policy, can possibly tamper with the way these sites are displayed or how they work. Regards, /mz http://lcamtuf.coredump.cx/


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