WordPress does not hash wp_signups.activation_key SQL injection to create accounts

Credit: Glyn Wintle
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-312

CVSS Base Score: 4/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: Single time
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: None

Details ================ Software: WordPress Version: 4.8.2 Homepage: https://wordpress.org/ Advisory report: https://security.dxw.com/advisories/wordpress-signups-activation/ CVE: CVE-2017-14990 CVSS: 0 (Low; AV:L/AC:H/Au:M/C:N/I:N/A:N) Description ================ WordPress does not hash or expire wp_signups.activation_key allowing an attacker with SQL injection to create accounts Vulnerability ================ When creating new users with a confirmation email, the key for that confirmation email is stored in plain text, and never expires. This means that when there are users who have been created who haven’t followed the link in their confirmation emails (common in installations with lots of users), an attacker with access to a read-only SQLi vulnerability can immediately create a user account for themselves. wp_users.user_activation_key is hashed and contains a timestamp. wp_signups.activation_key should include these security features too. This issue was originally raised as a ticket in Trac. Proof of concept ================ Visit /wp-admin/user-new.php (on a multisite installation – I haven’t tested on single site) Fill out the “Add New User” form but do not check the “Skip Confirmation Email” checkbox The user will be sent an email containing a link to /wp-activate.php?key=7259c714857ef009 This key is stored in the database unencrypted and without a timestamp: mysql> select activation_key from wp_signups where signup_id=4; +------------------+ | activation_key | +------------------+ | 7259c714857ef009 | +------------------+ 1 row in set (0.00 sec) Mitigations ================ Regularly purge old entries from the wp_signups table. Disclosure policy ================ dxw believes in responsible disclosure. Your attention is drawn to our disclosure policy: https://security.dxw.com/disclosure/ Please contact us on security () dxw com to acknowledge this report if you received it via a third party (for example, plugins () wordpress org) as they generally cannot communicate with us on your behalf. This vulnerability will be published if we do not receive a response to this report with 14 days. Timeline ================ 2016-10-24: Opened Trac ticket 2017-10-02: Requested CVE 2017-10-02: Received CVE Discovered by dxw: ================ Glyn Wintle Please visit security.dxw.com for more information.

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