WordPress Redirection 2.7.3 Remote File Inclusion

2018.06.13
Credit: Glyn Wintle
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: CWE-22

Details ================ Software: Redirection Version: 2.7.3 Homepage: https://wordpress.org/plugins/redirection/ Advisory report: https://advisories.dxw.com/advisories/ace-file-inclusion-redirection/ CVE: Awaiting assignment CVSS: 9 (High; AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C) Description ================ ACE via file inclusion in Redirection allows admins to execute any PHP file in the filesystem Vulnerability ================ If you are logged in as an administrator on any site by using the setup page for the redirection plugin you can run arbitrary code and completely compromise the system. This is done by writing the URL to redirect to in the format file://path/to/file/here. Unfortunately the plugin executes any PHP within that file. This means that any file with any extension on the filesystem that contains a small amount of user controlled data can be turned into a back door. The plugin also has the functionality to create files and place user controlled data in them. This results in attacker controlled code running and complete compromise of the system. When the code for handling a redirect looks at the URL to redirect to it does the following: class Pass_Action extends Red_Action { function process_before( $code, $target ) { // Determine what we are passing to: local URL, remote URL, file if ( substr( $target, 0, 7 ) === \'http://\' || substr( $target, 0, 8 ) === \'https://\' ) { echo @wp_remote_fopen( $target ); die(); } else if ( substr( $target, 0, 7 ) === \'file://\' ) { $parts = explode( \'?\', substr( $target, 7 ) ); if ( count( $parts ) > 1 ) { // Put parameters into the environment $args = explode( \'&\', $parts[1] ); if ( count( $args ) > 0 ) { foreach ( $args as $arg ) { $tmp = explode( \'=\', $arg ); if ( count( $tmp ) === 1 ) $_GET[ $arg ] = \'\'; else $_GET[ $tmp[0] ] = $tmp[1]; } } } include( $parts[0] ); exit(); } else { $_SERVER[\'REQUEST_URI\'] = $target; if ( strpos( $target, \'?\' ) ) { $_SERVER[\'QUERY_STRING\'] = substr( $target, strpos( $target, \'?\' ) + 1 ); parse_str( $_SERVER[\'QUERY_STRING\'], $_GET ); } } return true; } } The above code behaves as expected if the url to redirect to is a HTTP or HTTPS URL. If the URL begins with file:// it passes the path to the include function. Its also worth mentioning that if the URL is not http, https or file, then the code allows the $_GET parameter to be contaminated with unescaped values, which may result in SQL injections. Proof of concept ================ echo a<?php phpinfo();a > dog-meme.jpg Visit /wp-admin/media-new.php Upload dog-meme.jpg Copy the URL of the file (i.e. http://localhost/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/dog-meme.jpg) Visit /wp-admin/tools.php?page=redirection.php Fill aSource URLa with a/testa Fill aTarget URLa with afile:///var/www/html/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/dog-meme.jpga (this will probably require some modification if your WP installation is at a different path or dog-meme.jpg is saved in a different directory) Set aGroupa to aRedirectionsa Press aAdd Redirecta Press aEdita on the newly added redirect Press the cog icon Set aWhen matcheda to aPass-througha Press aSavea Mitigations ================ Upgrade to version 2.8 or later. Disclosure policy ================ dxw believes in responsible disclosure. Your attention is drawn to our disclosure policy: https://advisories.dxw.com/disclosure/ Please contact us on security@dxw.com to acknowledge this report if you received it via a third party (for example, plugins@wordpress.org) as they generally cannot communicate with us on your behalf. This vulnerability will be published if we do not receive a response to this report with 14 days. Timeline ================ 2017-10-02: Discovered 2017-10-03: Reported via website contact form 2017-10-04: Response received. Plugin author reports this as intended behaviour, as it is assumed that the administrator has full access to the system. However, also future version will include a fix. 2017-10-18: Author reported fixed in 2.8 2018-06-12: Advisory published Discovered by dxw: ================ Glyn Wintle Please visit advisories.dxw.com for more information.


Vote for this issue:
50%
50%


 

Thanks for you vote!


 

Thanks for you comment!
Your message is in quarantine 48 hours.

Comment it here.


(*) - required fields.  
{{ x.nick }} | Date: {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd' }} {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'HH:mm' }} CET+1
{{ x.comment }}

Copyright 2018, cxsecurity.com

 

Back to Top