=====[ Tempest Security Intelligence ]=====================================
Multiple vulnerabilities in NPLUG wireless repeater
CVE-2018-12455: Authentication bypass
CVE-2018-12456: Multiple CSRF
CVE-2018-17337: XSS via SSID
- Patrick Costa < @patrickrbc >
Tempest Security Intelligence - Recife, PE - Brazil
=====[ Table of Contents ]=================================================
2. Detailed description
3. Affected versions & Solutions
4. Timeline of disclosure
5. Thanks & Acknowledgements
=====[ Overview ]==========================================================
* System affected : NPLUG wireless repeater 
* Version : 18.104.22.168
* Impact : An attacker can get root access on the device.
=====[ Detailed description ]==============================================
DISCLAIMER: This device uses a modified Tenda firmware . Most of the
vulnerabilities disclosed here were previously published regarding other
similar device, besides that this device is pretty old.
NPLUG wireless repeater has multiple vulnerabilities that can be combined
to get a root access on the device.
The first thing you can do to obtain access to the device is to exploit a
XSS in the web interface (CVE-2018-17337). This can be exercised by
an access point in an appropriate range from the device with a malicious
If the user tries to scan for wireless networks using the web
XSS will pop and you're done. You can do all the stuff that will be
But, what if the user never uses this feature? Well, NPLUG's web interface
has no CSRF (CVE-2018-12456) protection, so you can try to force a
user to activate WAN access or change wireless security settings.
Once you're inside NPLUG's network things became really easy. You can
the authentication just by setting a cookie named "admin:"
curl -I http://10.0.0.1/
HTTP/1.0 302 Redirect
curl -I http://10.0.0.1/ -H "Cookie: admin:="
HTTP/1.0 200 OK
Now you have access to all the web interface features and you can download
the config at http://10.0.0.1/DownloadCfg/RouterCfm.cfg containig
in plain text.
If that is not enough for you, you can activate telnet daemon by making a
simple GET request to /goform/telnetd and guess what! Root access with no
Lately, I found out that this firmware had a binary that would work as the
same backdoor previously reported for Tenda routers . However, the
is not started by default and even when manually starting it, I couldn't
exploit it for some reason. But there is not much need to do so.
=====[ Affected versions & Solutions ]=====================================
This test was performed against version 22.214.171.124 but previous versions are
=====[ Timeline of disclosure ]============================================
15/06/2018 - Vendor contacted.
04/07/2018 - Vendor requested time to verify.
22/08/2018 - Vendor replied they won't patch it.
=====[ Thanks & Acknowledgements ]=========================================
- Felipe Xavier < filipe.xavier () tempest.com.br >
- Gustavo Pimentel < gustavo.pimentel () tempest.com.br>
- Tempest Security Intelligence 
=====[ References ]========================================================