Microsoft Windows XP/2003 Macrovision SecDrv.sys privilege escalation (0day)

2007.10.21
Credit: Reversemode
Risk: High
Local: Yes
Remote: No
CWE: CWE-264


Ogólna skala CVSS: 6.9/10
Znaczenie: 10/10
Łatwość wykorzystania: 3.4/10
Wymagany dostęp: Lokalny
Złożoność ataku: Średnia
Autoryzacja: Nie wymagana
Wpływ na poufność: Pełny
Wpływ na integralność: Pełny
Wpływ na dostępność: Pełny

Hi, Symantec researcher Elia Florip has warned, at the company's weblog [1],of a 0day attack in Windows XP and 2003 that allows unprivileged users to gain SYSTEM privileges via a buggy driver installed by default. In his/her post, Elia brings us an important clue:"At the moment, it's still not clear how the driver is used by Windows because this file does not have the typical Microsoft file properties present in other Windows system files". Such a file it is not common so looking for this sort of .sys we come across a couple of them. One of those drivers is *secdrv.sys*, which is developed by Macrovision as part of SafeDisc. Mario Ballano (48bits.com) and I we have been taking a look at the driver and quickly found this interesting piece of code. .text:00015E2C cmp [ebp+var_10], 0CA002813h .text:00015E33 jz short loc_15E69 As you can see the IOCTL is METHOD_NEITHER which is a potential vulnerability by itself (few drivers are correctly handling this method). Let's see whether this time is different... .text:00015ED9 call dword ptr [eax+10h] ; Internal Dispatcher .text:00015EDC mov [ebp+var_1C], eax .text:00015EDF cmp [ebp+var_1C], 0Ah .text:00015EE3 jz short loc_15EFC .text:00015EE5 mov eax, [ebp+arg_4] .text:00015EE8 mov dword ptr [eax], 0C0000001h .text:00015EEE mov eax, [ebp+arg_4] .text:00015EF1 and dword ptr [eax+4], 0 .text:00015EF5 mov eax, 0C0000001h .text:00015EFA jmp short loc_15F21 .text:00015EFC ; ------------------------------------------------------------------------ --- .text:00015EFC .text:00015EFC loc_15EFC: ; CODE XREF: sub_15E12+D1j .text:00015EFC mov ecx, [ebp+var_4] .text:00015EFF mov esi, [ebp+var_C] .text:00015F02 mov eax, [ebp+arg_0] .text:00015F05 mov edi, [eax+3Ch] ; Input Buffer .text:00015F08 mov eax, ecx ; Inline memcpy .text:00015F0A shr ecx, 2 .text:00015F0D rep movsd .text:00015F0F mov ecx, eax .text:00015F11 and ecx, 3 .text:00015F14 rep movsb No luck. As you can see the buffer supplied by the user is not properly checked so you can overwrite any address you wish, even kernel addresses. Anyway, this piece of code is not very comfortable for developing the exploit since it is overwriting the same buffer that is used as input vector. The ideal situation would be bytes being copied from the input buffer into the output buffer. Surprise, surprise... ------------------------------------------------------------------------ --- .text:00015EFC .text:00015EFC loc_15EFC: ; CODE XREF: sub_15E12+D1j .text:00015EFC mov ecx, [ebp+var_4] .text:00015EFF mov esi, [ebp+var_C] ; Input Buffer .text:00015F02 mov eax, [ebp+arg_0] .text:00015F05 mov edi, [eax+3Ch] ; Output Buffer (Irp->UserBuffer) .text:00015F08 mov eax, ecx ; Inline memcpy .text:00015F0A shr ecx, 2 .text:00015F0D rep movsd .text:00015F0F mov ecx, eax .text:00015F11 and ecx, 3 .text:00015F14 rep movsb The first 4 DWORDs of the input buffer are copied into the output buffer without any further validation. However,there is a restriction: InputBuffer[1] should be a fixed value in order to reach this piece of code. No problem. Take a look at the exploit code. I've released a K-plugin for kartoffel that exploits this flaw on Windows XP SP2 and 2003 (32-bit). Download at http://kartoffel.reversemode.com/downloads.php. *This K-plugin can only be used for personal study and research purposes. Do not email me requesting shellcodes, customized exploit or something like that* References: [1]http://www.symantec.com/enterprise/security_response/weblog/2007/10/p rivilege_escalation_exploit_i.html [2]http://www.macrovision.com [3]http://www.reversemode.com/index.php?option=com_mamblog&Itemid=15&tas k=show&action=view&id=43&Itemid=15 [4]http://blog.48bits.com/?p=172 (castilian) Despite there is no patch available, at the momment, we are disclosing this information since an exploit has been caught in the wild so we see no reason to hide information that can be useful for administrators and researchers. Regards, Rubn.


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