Internet Explorer Compressed Content URL Heap Overflow Vulnerability #2
September 12, 2006
August 24, 2006
High (Code Execution)
Internet Explorer 5 SP4 with MS06-042 - Windows 2000
Internet Explorer 6 SP1 with MS06-042 v1 or v2 - Windows 2000
Internet Explorer 6 SP1 with MS06-042 v1 or v2 - Windows XP SP1
Internet Explorer 6 SP1 with MS06-042 v1 or v2 - Windows Server 2003 SP0
eEye Digital Security has discovered a second heap overflow vulnerability in the MS06-042 cumulative Internet Explorer update that would allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system of a victim who attempts to access a malicious URL. Windows 2000, Windows XP SP1, and Windows 2003 SP0 systems running Internet Explorer 5 SP4 or Internet Explorer 6 SP1, with the MS06-042 patch applied, are vulnerable; unpatched and more recent versions of Internet Explorer are not affected.
This heap overflow is almost identical to the previous vulnerability reported by eEye and addressed in the August 24th re-release ("v2") of MS06-042. In this case, the heap overflow occurs when URLMON.DLL attempts to handle a long URL for which the web server's response indicated GZIP or deflate encoding, if that URL was returned as the destination of an HTTP redirect (e.g., "302 Found"). This means that the user interaction requirement for this attack is negligible, since clicking a hyperlink, visiting a malicious web page, or even attempting to view an image for which the source is a malicious URL, permits exploitation of the vulnerability.
URLMON.DLL versions 5.0.3841.2400, 6.0.2800.1565, and 6.0.2800.1567, distributed with the MS06-042 patches for Internet Explorer 5 SP4 and Internet Explorer 6 SP1 on Windows 2000, Windows XP SP1, and Windows 2003 SP0, contain a heap buffer overflow vulnerability due to an incongruous use of lstrcpynA. CMimeFt::Create allocates a 390h-byte heap block for a new instance of the CMimeFt class, within which there is a 104h (MAX_PATH)-byte ASCII string buffer at offset +160h:
1A4267F8 push 390h ; cb
1A4267FD call ??2@YAPAXI@Z ; operator new(uint)
When an access to a URL elicits an HTTP redirect (statuses 300 through 303) from the web server, and the subsequent access to the "Location" URL returns a GZIP- or deflate-encoded response, CMimeFt::ReportProgress will attempt to copy the URL into the 104h-byte string buffer using the lstrcpynA API function, but it passes a maximum length argument of 824h (2084 decimal), a value typically used as the maximum length of a URL:
1A425D41 push 824h ; iMaxLength
1A425D46 push eax ; lpString2
1A425D47 add esi, 15Ch
1A425D4C push esi ; lpString1
1A425D4D call ds:lstrcpynA
As a result, fields within the CMimeFt class instance, as well as the contents of adjacent heap blocks, can be overwritten with attacker-supplied data from the malicious URL.
Windows XP SP2 and Windows 2003 SP1 are not susceptible because the URLMON.DLLs included in the MS06-042 patches for those systems use 824h both as the field size and as the copy length limit, in all the relevant locations in the code. The QFE branches of MS06-042 even for the above-mentioned vulnerable versions of Windows and Internet Explorer are not susceptible for the same reason; it is unclear why this fix was repeatedly re-implemented, in many cases incorrectly, when proper implementations have existed since August 8th.
Retina Network Security Scanner has been updated to identify this vulnerability.
Microsoft has released a third version of the MS06-042 patch to correct this vulnerability. The revised patch is available at:
Note that installing the original release or first re-release of the MS06-042 update causes a system to become vulnerable, so applying the version 3.0 release of the MS06-042 patch will then be necessary in order to secure that system.
Systems with the QFE version of the MS06-042 v1 or MS06-042 v2 / KB923762 hotfix applied are not susceptible to this vulnerability, although the MS06-042 v3.0 patch should still be installed on these systems. (Note that the QFE DLL is only selected in specific, rare circumstances, so most likely applying MS06-042 v1 or v2 will deploy the vulnerable GDR-branch DLL instead.)
Retina Network Security Scanner - (http://www.eeye.com/html/products/retina/index.html)
Blink Endpoint Vulnerability Prevention - (http://www.eeye.com/html/products/blink/index.html)
Eric B. for discovering and contributing the premier.microsoft.com proof-of-concept URL. 3x charm.
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