GNU Findutils release 4.2.31 fixes CVE-2007-2452 (GNU locate heap buffer overrun)

Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-119

CVSS Base Score: 6/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 6.8/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: Single time
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

$Revision: 1.4 $; $Date: 2007/05/30 22:04:52 $ I. BACKGROUND ============= GNU findutils is a set of programs which search for files on Unix-like systems. It is maintained by the GNU Project of the Free Software Foundation. For more information, see II. DESCRIPTION =============== When GNU locate reads filenames from an old-format locate database, they are read into a fixed-length buffer allocated on the heap. Filenames longer than the 1026-byte buffer can cause a buffer overrun. The overrunning data can be chosen by any person able to control the names of filenames created on the local system. This will normally include all local users, but in many cases also remote users (for example in the case of FTP servers allowing uploads). III. ANALYSIS ============= Findutils supports three different formats of locate database, its native format "LOCATE02", the slocate variant of LOCATE02, and a traditional ("old") format that locate uses on other Unix systems. When locate reads filenames from a LOCATE02 database (the default format), the buffer into which data is read is automatically extended to accommodate the length of the filenames. This automatic buffer extension does not happen for old-format databases. Instead a 1026-byte buffer is used. When a longer pathname appears in the locate database, the end of this buffer is overrun. The buffer is allocated on the heap (not the stack). If the locate database is in the default LOCATE02 format, the locate program does perform automatic buffer extension, and the program is not vulnerable to this problem. The software used to build the old-format locate database is not itself vulnerable to the same attack. Most installations of GNU findutils do not use the old database format, and so will not be vulnerable. IV. DETECTION ============= Software: All existing releases of findutils are affected. Installations: To discover the longest path name on a given system, you can use the following command (requires GNU findutils and GNU coreutils): find / -print0 | tr -c '\0' 'x' | tr '\0' '\n' | wc -L V. EXAMPLE ========== This section includes a shell script which determines which of a list of locate binaries is vulnerable to the problem. The shell script has been tested only on glibc based systems having a mktemp binary. NOTE: This script deliberately overruns the buffer in order to determine if a binary is affected. Therefore running it on your system may have undesirable effects. We recommend that you read the script before running it. #! /bin/sh set +m if vanilla_db="$(mktemp nicedb.XXXXXX)" ; then if updatedb --prunepaths="" --old-format --localpaths="/tmp" --output="${vanilla_db}" ; then true else rm -f "${vanilla_db}" vanilla_db="" echo "Failed to create old-format locate database; skipping the sanity checks" >&2 fi fi make_overrun_db() { # Start with a valid database cat "${vanilla_db}" # Make the final entry really long dd if=/dev/zero bs=1 count=1500 2>/dev/null | tr '\000' 'x' } ulimit -c 0 usage() { echo "usage: $0 binary [binary...]" >&2; exit $1; } [ $# -eq 0 ] && usage 1 bad="" good="" ugly="" if dbfile="$(mktemp nasty.XXXXXX)" then make_overrun_db > "$dbfile" for locate ; do ver="$locate = $("$locate" --version | head -1)" if [ -z "$vanilla_db" ] || "$locate" -d "$vanilla_db" "" >/dev/null ; then "$locate" -d "$dbfile" "" >/dev/null if [ $? -gt 128 ] ; then bad="$bad vulnerable: $ver" else good="$good good: $ver" fi else # the regular locate failed ugly="$ugly buggy, may or may not be vulnerable: $ver" fi done rm -f "${dbfile}" "${vanilla_db}" # good: unaffected. bad: affected (vulnerable). # ugly: doesn't even work for a normal old-format database. echo "$good" echo "$bad" echo "$ugly" else exit 1 fi VI. VENDOR RESPONSE =================== The GNU project discovered the problem while 'locate' was being worked on. The GNU findutils maintainer has issued a patch as part of this announcement. The patch appears below, but the relevant change is also included in findutils version 4.2.31, which is available by FTP at A release of findutils-4.3.x will follow and will also include the patch. VII. PATCH ========== A version of findutils in which this problem has been addressed is available at This patch also fixes the problem and should apply to findutils-4.2.23 and later. Findutils-4.2.23 was released almost two years ago. Index: locate/locate.c =================================================================== RCS file: /cvsroot/findutils/findutils/locate/locate.c,v retrieving revision diff -u -p -r1.58.2.2 locate.c --- locate/locate.c 22 Apr 2007 16:57:42 -0000 +++ locate/locate.c 28 May 2007 10:18:16 -0000 @@ -124,9 +124,9 @@ extern int errno; #include "locatedb.h" #include <getline.h> -#include "../gnulib/lib/xalloc.h" -#include "../gnulib/lib/error.h" -#include "../gnulib/lib/human.h" +#include "xalloc.h" +#include "error.h" +#include "human.h" #include "dirname.h" #include "closeout.h" #include "nextelem.h" @@ -468,10 +468,36 @@ visit_justprint_unquoted(struct process_ return VISIT_CONTINUE; } +static void +toolong (struct process_data *procdata) +{ + error (1, 0, + _("locate database %s contains a " + "filename longer than locate can handle"), + procdata->dbfile); +} + +static void +extend (struct process_data *procdata, size_t siz1, size_t siz2) +{ + /* Figure out if the addition operation is safe before performing it. */ + if (SIZE_MAX - siz1 < siz2) + { + toolong (procdata); + } + else if (procdata->pathsize < (siz1+siz2)) + { + procdata->pathsize = siz1+siz2; + procdata->original_filename = x2nrealloc (procdata->original_filename, + &procdata->pathsize, + 1); + } +} + static int visit_old_format(struct process_data *procdata, void *context) { - register char *s; + register size_t i; (void) context; /* Get the offset in the path where this path info starts. */ @@ -479,20 +505,35 @@ visit_old_format(struct process_data *pr procdata->count += getw (procdata->fp) - LOCATEDB_OLD_OFFSET; else procdata->count += procdata->c - LOCATEDB_OLD_OFFSET; + assert(procdata->count > 0); - /* Overlay the old path with the remainder of the new. */ - for (s = procdata->original_filename + procdata->count; + /* Overlay the old path with the remainder of the new. Read + * more data until we get to the next filename. + */ + for (i=procdata->count; (procdata->c = getc (procdata->fp)) > LOCATEDB_OLD_ESCAPE;) - if (procdata->c < 0200) - *s++ = procdata->c; /* An ordinary character. */ - else - { - /* Bigram markers have the high bit set. */ - procdata->c &= 0177; - *s++ = procdata->bigram1[procdata->c]; - *s++ = procdata->bigram2[procdata->c]; - } - *s-- = '\0'; + { + if (procdata->c < 0200) + { + /* An ordinary character. */ + extend (procdata, i, 1u); + procdata->original_filename[i++] = procdata->c; + } + else + { + /* Bigram markers have the high bit set. */ + extend (procdata, i, 2u); + procdata->c &= 0177; + procdata->original_filename[i++] = procdata->bigram1[procdata->c]; + procdata->original_filename[i++] = procdata->bigram2[procdata->c]; + } + } + + /* Consider the case where we executed the loop body zero times; we + * still need space for the terminating null byte. + */ + extend (procdata, i, 1u); + procdata->original_filename[i] = 0; procdata->munged_filename = procdata->original_filename; VIII. THANKS ============ Thanks to Rob Holland <rob (at) inversepath (dot) com [email concealed]> and Tavis Ormandy. VIII. CVE INFORMATION ===================== The identifier CVE-2007-2452 been assigned for this issue.

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