Tikiwiki CMS is vulnerable to path traversal attack

2007-12-27 / 2007-12-28
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes

CVSS Base Score: 5/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: None

============================================= INTERNET SECURITY AUDITORS ALERT 2007-006 - Original release date: December 18th, 2007 - Last revised: December 24th, 2007 - Discovered by: Jesus Olmos Gonzalez - Severity: 5/5 ============================================= I. VULNERABILITY ------------------------- Tikiwiki CMS is vulnerable to path traversal attack II. BACKGROUND ------------------------- Tikiwiki (Tiki) is a Free Software (LGPL) Content Management System solution that unifies many features like wikis, forums, blogs, articles, galleries, mapserver, link directory. This software is massively used in the World Wide Web, and has been audited by the security community for years. III. DESCRIPTION ------------------------- It is possible to get the first 1000 bytes from an arbitrary file trough the tiki-listmovies.php script. This script sets the movie parameter value into $movie. The last 4 bytes are erased and an .xml extension is appended. Then, the file is opened for reading with the call fopen($confFile,'r') and the first 1000 bytes are read from the file. Then the 1000 bytes are parsed and used as the values for MovieWidth and MovieHeight HTML tags. Finally the resulting HTML file is returned to the user by the webserver. The vulnerable snippet of code is: if(isset($_GET["movie"])) { $movie = $_GET["movie"]; ... if ($movie) { // Initialize movie size $confFile = 'tikimovies/'.substr($movie,0,-4).".xml"; //trc('confFile', $confFile); $fh = @fopen($confFile,'r'); $config = @fread($fh, 1000); @fclose($fh); if (isset($config) && $config <>'') { $width = preg_replace("/^.*?<MovieWidth>(.*?)<\/MovieWidth>.*$/ms", "$1", $config); $height = preg_replace("/^.*?<MovieHeight>(.*?)<\/MovieHeight>.*$/ms", "$1", $config); $smarty->assign('movieWidth',$width); $smarty->assign('movieHeight',$height); } } The avoidable controls that permit exploiting the flaw are: * First, 'tikimovies/' is prepended to the filename, so we could reference a relative filesystem object like '../../../../../../file_name'. This could also allow the attacker to get the database password at the config file, or obtain any other files outside the web directory, let's say '/etc/passwd'. * Second, the four ending 4 bytes are removed from the $movie variables. So adding 4 trash ending bytes to our evil string this control also can be bypassed * At the end, an .xml extension is added at the end of the variable. We finally avoid this adding the null byte (%00) in our value. The resulting evil string to access the file looks like this: ../../../../../../etc/passwd%001234 IV. PROOF OF CONCEPT ------------------------- http://www.victym.com/tiki-listmovies.php?movie=../../../../../../etc/pa sswd%001234 V. BUSINESS IMPACT ------------------------- The confidentiality is directly broken, and getting config files the attacker probably access to the system to break integrity. VI. SYSTEMS AFFECTED ------------------------- All versions of tikiwiki are affected up to 1.9.9. VII. SOLUTION ------------------------- Update to version 1.9.9 or patch. VIII. REFERENCES ------------------------- http://info.tikiwiki.org IX. CREDITS ------------------------- This vulnerability has been discovered and reported by Jesus Olmos Gonzalez (jolmos (at) isecauditors (dot) com). X. REVISION HISTORY ------------------------- December 18, 2007: Initial release. December 24, 2007: Published. Happy 2008! XI. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE ------------------------- December 18, 2007: Vulnerability acquired by Internet Security Auditors (www.isecauditors.com) December 18, 2007: Development team is contacted. Patch coming. December 22, 2007: New version of Tikiwiki CMS published. XII. LEGAL NOTICES ------------------------- The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise. Internet Security Auditors, S.L. accepts no responsibility for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information.

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