INFIGO IS Security Advisory #ADV-2008-04-08
Title: ICQ 6 remote buffer overflow vulnerability
Advisory ID: INFIGO-2008-04-08
Advisory URL: http://www.infigo.hr/en/in_focus/advisories/INFIGO-2008-04-08
Impact: Remote code execution
Risk Level: High
Vulnerability Type: Remote
ICQ (I Seek You) Instant Messenger is one of the most popular internet
chat software. Since 1996, it has grown to a community of over 180
million users. It has features for instant messaging, chat, sending
e-mail, SMS, file transfer, wireless-pager messages, etc.
INFIGO IS's security team identified a critical remote buffer overflow
vulnerability in the latest ICQ version (ICQ 6.0). In newer versions,
ICQ has a 'Personal Status Manager' feature, where a user can specify
text messages for his status/mood (online/offline/etc.). The specified
message will be visible in the title part of a remote user's ICQ chat
window, when a chat session is initiated.
When a user writes a message in the status manager, the text string is
processed with the boxelyRenderer module. The boxelyRenderer module has
a vulnerability in the HTML tags processing code. If malformed HTML tags
are set for the 'status message', boxelyRenderer will try to process the
HTML tags, and a UNICODE heap overflow will occur.
The 'status' string from a remote user is processed by boxelyRenderer
for each new chat session. If the remote user has a malicious 'status
message', ICQ's heap memory will be overflowed.
Upon setting, the status message is sent to ICQ's servers, and will be
stored on them. When another user looks up the malicious user's profile,
or tries to send him a message, even if the malicious user is offline,
the ICQ client will receive the malicious status message from ICQ's
server. In other words, once the malicious user sets his status message,
he doesn't have to be online in order to exploit other vulnerable ICQ
There are few different exploitation paths for this vulnerability, and
they depend on user actions in ICQ and the current heap state.
Below is an example of malicious HTML code that will crash ICQ:
src="AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA" border="0" /></a>|
When a user sets this HTML code as his 'status message',
ICQ/boxelyRenderer will process it and ICQ will crash. To prevent this,
open ICQ in debugger and set it to ignore INT3 and memory violation
We identified two exploitable scenarios:
In this scenario, the ESI register has our input, so we control the EIP
register at the 'CALL' instruction.
MOV EDX, DWORD PTR DS:[ESI]
LEA EAX, DWORD PTR SS:[EBP-2A0]
MOV ECX, ESI
CALL DWORD PTR DS:[EDX+8] <- HERE
In this scenario, which is harder to exploit, we can write one byte to a
MOV BYTE PTR DS:[EDI+6], AL
==[ Affected Version
The vulnerability has been identified in the latest available ICQ
version 6 (build 6043). It was tested on Windows XP SP2 and Windows
The vendor has addressed this vulnerability on 1st of March 2008 with an
==[ PoC Exploit
PoC will not be released.
==[ Vendor status
26.02.2008 - Initial contact
26.02.2008 - Initial vendor response
28.02.2008 - Further clarification about the vulnerability
28.02.2008 - Vendor status update
01.03.2008 - Vendor released an automatic update.
14.03.2008 - Vendor status update
14.04.2008 - Coordinated public disclosure
Vulnerability discovered by Leon Juranic <leon.juranic (at) infigo (dot) hr [email concealed]>.
Special thanks to Marko Goricki, who pointed on the ICQ crash :-).
==[ INFIGO IS Security Contact
WWW : http://www.infigo.hr/en/
E-mail : infocus (at) infigo (dot) hr [email concealed]