Intel BIOS Plain Text Password Disclosure

2008.09.04
Credit: iViZ
Risk: Low
Local: Yes
Remote: No
CWE: CWE-200


CVSS Base Score: 2.1/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 3.9/10
Exploit range: Local
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: None

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA1 - ----------------------------------------------------------------------- [ iViZ Security Advisory 08-004 25/08/2008 ] - ----------------------------------------------------------------------- iViZ Techno Solutions Pvt. Ltd. http://www.ivizsecurity.com - ----------------------------------------------------------------------- * Title: Intel BIOS Plain Text Password Disclosure * Date: 25/08/2008 * Software: Intel BIOS * CERT temporary tracker : VU#604539 - --[ Synopsis: Like most BIOSes, Intel's firmware PE94510M.86A.0050.2007.0710.1559 (07/10/2007) can be used to ask a password to users at boot time to implement a pre-boot authentication. The password checking routine of this firmware fails to sanitize the BIOS keyboard buffer after reading user input, resulting in plain text password leakage to local users. - --[ Affected Software: * Intel Corp PE94510M.86A.0050.2007.0710.1559 (07/10/2007) BIOS (possibly others too) - --[ Technical description: The BIOS's pre-boot authentication routines use the BIOS API to read user input via the keyboard. The BIOS internally copies the keystrokes in a RAM structure called the BIOS Keyboard buffer inside the BIOS Data Area. This buffer is not flushed after use, resulting in potential plain text password leakage once the OS is fully booted, assuming the attacker can read the password at physical memory location 0x40:0x1e. - --[ Impact: Plain text password disclosure. Local access is required, but no physical access to the machine. The level of privilege required to retrieve the password from memory is OS dependant and varies from guest user under Microsoft Windows (any) to root user under most Unix based OSes. - --[ Full Technical Whitepaper http://www.ivizsecurity.com/research/preboot/preboot_whitepaper.pdf - --[ Vendor response: * Intel Product Security Incident Response Team (iPSIRT) has aknowledged the vulnerability and is proactively working on a fix. - --[ Credits: This vulnerability was discovered by Security Researcher Jonathan Brossard from iViZ Techno Solutions Pvt. Ltd. - --[ Disclosure timeline: * First private disclosure to vendor on July 15th 2008 * First vendor reply on July 15th 2008 * CERT assigns tracker VU#604539 to the bug. * First Public disclosure at Defcon 16 on August 10th 2008 - --[ Reference: http://www.ivizsecurity.com/security-advisory.html -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- Version: GnuPG v1.4.7 (MingW32) iD8DBQFIsnYakcchhz1mT/IRAofuAJ9+OeAETRi5pqFLhMhE9XDGIRwn7wCgjt65 tj++4trQVUCF/MWK1NWwwUY= =MBpr -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----

References:

http://www.securityfocus.com/archive/1/archive/1/495804/100/0/threaded
http://www.ivizsecurity.com/research/preboot/preboot_whitepaper.pdf
http://www.ivizsecurity.com/preboot-patch.html
http://securitytracker.com/id?1020738


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