DiskCryptor Security Model bypass exploiting wrong BIOS API usage

Risk: Low
Local: Yes
Remote: No
CWE: CWE-noinfo

CVSS Base Score: 2.1/10
Impact Subscore: 2.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 3.9/10
Exploit range: Local
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: None

----------------------------------------------------------------------- [ iViZ Security Advisory 08-006 25/08/2008 ] ----------------------------------------------------------------------- iViZ Techno Solutions Pvt. Ltd. http://www.ivizsecurity.com ----------------------------------------------------------------------- * Title: DiskCryptor Security Model bypass exploiting wrong BIOS API usage * Date: 25/08/2008 * Software: DiskCryptor --[ Synopsis: The password checking routine of DiskCryptor fails to sanitize the BIOS keyboard buffer before AND after reading passwords. --[ Affected Software: * DiskCryptor 0.2.6 for Windows (possibly other versions also) --[ Technical description: DiskCryptor's pre-boot authentication routines use the BIOS API to read user input via the keyboard. The BIOS internally copies the keystrokes in a RAM structure called the BIOS Keyboard buffer inside the BIOS Data Area. This buffer is not flushed after use, resulting in potential plain text password leakage once the OS is fully booted, assuming the attacker can read the password at physical memory location 0x40:0x1e. It is also possible for a root user to reboot the computer by instrumenting the BIOS keyboard buffer in spite of the full disk encryption. --[ Impact: 1) Plain text password disclosure. Required privileges to perform this operation are OS dependant, from unprivileged users under Windows (any), to root under most Unix. 2) A privileged attacker able to write to the MBR and knowing the password (for instance thanks to 1), is able to reboot the computer in spite of the password prompted at boot time (and in spite of disk encryption) by initializing the BIOS keybaord buffer with the correct password (using an intermediary bootloader that will in turn run DiskCryptor). --[ Full Technical Whitepaper http://www.ivizsecurity.com/research/preboot/preboot_whitepaper.pdf --[ Vendor response: * No Response from vendor in spite of multiple solicitations. --[ Credits: This vulnerability was discovered by Security Researcher Jonathan Brossard from iViZ Techno Solutions Pvt. Ltd. --[ Disclosure timeline: * First private disclosure to vendor on July 15th 2008 * First Public disclosure at Defcon 16 on August 10th 2008 --[ Reference: http://www.ivizsecurity.com/security-advisory.html



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