UW/Panda IMAP [dt]mail buffer overflow

Credit: Bitsec Labs
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-119

CVSS Base Score: 10/10
Impact Subscore: 10/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Complete
Integrity impact: Complete
Availability impact: Complete

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA1 ======================================================================== ======= Bitsec Security Advisory: UW/Panda IMAP [dt]mail buffer overflow 2008-11-03 ======================================================================== ======= Applications tmail/dmail in UW IMAP [2002-2007c], Panda IMAP, Alpine <= 2.00 Discovered by Aron Andersson <aron.andersson (at) bitsec (dot) com [email concealed]>, Jan Sahlin <jan.sahlin (at) bitsec (dot) com [email concealed]> Researched by Aron Andersson <aron.andersson (at) bitsec (dot) com [email concealed]> Reference http://www.bitsec.com/en/rad/bsa-081103.txt GPG Key http://www.bitsec.com/labs.asc Overview tmail and dmail are mail delivery agents that deliver mail to a user's INBOX or a designated folder, specified by the folder extension in the user+folder argument on the command line. If tmail is used for mail delivery from a process whose UID is not the destination user, it must be installed setuid root; dmail can be used when the process is run as the destination user. Problem A vulnerability exists in both applications due to missing boundary checks on the folder extension argument from the command line. The bug can be exploited by overflowing a stack buffer via an overly long folder name. For tmail, this could allow for arbitrary code execution as the root user. As mentioned the vulnerability also exists for dmail, but the impact is a bit less critical since it usually runs as the recipient user and not root. Depending on the mailer daemon and configuration in use, this bug may also be remotely exploitable. The bug is caused by the following pieces of code: [tmail.c] char *getusername (char *s,char **t) { char tmp[MAILTMPLEN]; if (*t = strchr (s,'+')) { /* have a mailbox specifier? */ *(*t)++ = '\0'; /* yes, tie off user name */ /* user+ and user+INBOX same as user */ if (!**t || !strcmp ("INBOX",ucase (strcpy (tmp,*t)))) *t = NIL; } return s; /* return user name */ } [dmail.c] int deliver (FILE *f,unsigned long msglen,char *user) { MAILSTREAM *ds = NIL; char *s,*mailbox,tmp[MAILTMPLEN],path[MAILTMPLEN]; STRING st; struct stat sbuf; /* have a mailbox specifier? */ if (mailbox = strchr (user,'+')) { *mailbox++ = '\0'; /* yes, tie off user name */ if (!*mailbox || !strcmp ("INBOX",ucase (strcpy (tmp,mailbox)))) mailbox = NIL; /* user+ and user+INBOX same as user */ } (..) The user+folder command line argument reaches deliver() and getusername() through the char pointers 's' and 'user', respectively. The folder part is separated from the user and copied to the buffer 'tmp'. Since 'tmp' is placed on the stack, an overly long folder name can be used to overwrite stack data, including but not limited to the saved EIP. Exploit A proof-of-concept exploit for this vulnerability has been developed but will not be publicly released until 2008-11-10, by which time it can be found at http://www.bitsec.com/en/rad/bsa-081103.c Fix Upgrade to the latest version from your IMAP vendor: - UW IMAP: 2007d http://www.washington.edu/imap/ - Panda IMAP: tmail ver 2008.24, dmail ver 2008.19 http://www.panda.com/imap/ - Alpine: No fix, tmail/dmail users should get UW IMAP 2007d http://www.washington.edu/alpine/ Disclosure Timeline 2008-10-24 Notified developers (Mark Crispin, Steve Hubert) 2008-10-27 Received response from developers 2008-10-27 Panda IMAP patched 2008-10-30 UW IMAP patched 2008-11-03 Public release ======================================================================== ======= Bitsec Security Advisory: UW/Panda IMAP [dt]mail buffer overflow 2008-11-03 ======================================================================== ======= -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- Version: GnuPG v1.4.6 (GNU/Linux) iD8DBQFJDuPnzx20c5GX95oRApDFAKCLzTOOPmHsoGCcgxkbZvtCSFQujgCgugO/ yjilZ4XHBYXTPEXbVVnS7Rk= =OsgS -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----



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