OpenSSL J-PAKE Validation Error Lets Remote Users Validate Without Shared Secret Key

2010.12.08
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-287


CVSS Base Score: 7.5/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 10/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

OpenSSL Security Advisory [2 December 2010] OpenSSL Ciphersuite Downgrade Attack ===================================== A flaw has been found in the OpenSSL SSL/TLS server code where an old bug workaround allows malicous clients to modify the stored session cache ciphersuite. In some cases the ciphersuite can be downgraded to a weaker one on subsequent connections. The OpenSSL security team would like to thank Martin Rex for reporting this issue. This vulnerability is tracked as CVE-2010-4180 OpenSSL JPAKE validation error =============================== Sebastian Martini found an error in OpenSSL's J-PAKE implementation which could lead to successful validation by someone with no knowledge of the shared secret. This error is fixed in 1.0.0c. Details of the problem can be found here: http://seb.dbzteam.org/crypto/jpake-session-key-retrieval.pdf Note that the OpenSSL Team still consider our implementation of J-PAKE to be experimental and is not compiled by default. This issue is tracked as CVE-2010-4252 Who is affected? ================= All versions of OpenSSL contain the ciphersuite downgrade vulnerability. Any OpenSSL based SSL/TLS server is vulnerable if it uses OpenSSL's internal caching mechanisms and the SSL_OP_NETSCAPE_REUSE_CIPHER_CHANGE_BUG flag (many applications enable this by using the SSL_OP_ALL option). Users of OpenSSL 0.9.8j or later who do not enable weak ciphersuites are still vulnerable but the bug has no security implications as the attacker can only change from one strong ciphersuite to another. All users of OpenSSL's experimental J-PAKE implementation are vulnerable to the J-PAKE validation error. Recommendations for users of OpenSSL ===================================== Users of all OpenSSL 0.9.8 releases including 0.9.8p should update to the OpenSSL 0.9.8q release which contains a patch to correct this issue. Alternatively do not set the SSL_OP_NETSCAPE_REUSE_CIPHER_CHANGE_BUG and/or SSL_OP_ALL flags. Users of OpenSSL 1.0.0 releases should update to the OpenSSL 1.0.0c release which contains a patch to correct this issue and also contains a corrected version of the CVE-2010-3864 vulnerability fix. If upgrading is not immediately possible, the relevant source code patch provided in this advisory should be applied. Any user of OpenSSL's J-PAKE implementaion (which is not compiled in by default) should upgrade to OpenSSL 1.0.0c. Patch ===== Index: ssl/s3_clnt.c =================================================================== RCS file: /v/openssl/cvs/openssl/ssl/s3_clnt.c,v retrieving revision 1.129.2.16 diff -u -r1.129.2.16 s3_clnt.c --- ssl/s3_clnt.c 10 Oct 2010 12:33:10 -0000 1.129.2.16 +++ ssl/s3_clnt.c 24 Nov 2010 14:32:37 -0000 @@ -866,8 +866,11 @@ s->session->cipher_id = s->session->cipher->id; if (s->hit && (s->session->cipher_id != c->id)) { +/* Workaround is now obsolete */ +#if 0 if (!(s->options & SSL_OP_NETSCAPE_REUSE_CIPHER_CHANGE_BUG)) +#endif { al=SSL_AD_ILLEGAL_PARAMETER; SSLerr(SSL_F_SSL3_GET_SERVER_HELLO,SSL_R_OLD_SESSION_CIPHER_NOT_RETURNED); Index: ssl/s3_srvr.c =================================================================== RCS file: /v/openssl/cvs/openssl/ssl/s3_srvr.c,v retrieving revision 1.171.2.22 diff -u -r1.171.2.22 s3_srvr.c --- ssl/s3_srvr.c 14 Nov 2010 13:50:29 -0000 1.171.2.22 +++ ssl/s3_srvr.c 24 Nov 2010 14:34:28 -0000 @@ -985,6 +985,10 @@ break; } } +/* Disabled because it can be used in a ciphersuite downgrade + * attack: CVE-2010-4180. + */ +#if 0 if (j == 0 && (s->options & SSL_OP_NETSCAPE_REUSE_CIPHER_CHANGE_BUG) && (sk_SSL_CIPHER_num(ciphers) == 1)) { /* Special case as client bug workaround: the previously used cipher may @@ -999,6 +1003,7 @@ j = 1; } } +#endif if (j == 0) { /* we need to have the cipher in the cipher References =========== URL for this Security Advisory: http://www.openssl.org/news/secadv_20101202.txt URL for updated CVS-2010-3864 Security Advisory: http://www.openssl.org/news/secadv_20101116-2.txt

References:

https://github.com/seb-m/jpake
https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=659297
http://cvs.openssl.org/chngview?cn=20098
http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/45163
http://securitytracker.com/id?1024823
http://seb.dbzteam.org/crypto/jpake-session-key-retrieval.pdf
http://openssl.org/news/secadv_20101202.txt


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