KDE Ark 4.7.4 Directory traversal

Credit: Tim Brown
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes

CVSS Base Score: 6.8/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

Nth Dimension Security Advisory (NDSA20110726) Date: 26th July 2011 Author: Tim Brown <mailto:timb@nth-dimension.org.uk> URL: <http://www.nth-dimension.org.uk/> / <http://www.machine.org.uk/> Product: Ark 2.16 <http://utils.kde.org/projects/ark> Vendor: KDE <http://www.kde.org/> Risk: Medium Summary The Ark archiving tool is vulnerable to directory traversal via malformed Zip files. When attempts are made to view files within the malformed Zip file in Ark's default view, the wrong file may be displayed due to incorrect construction of the temporary file name. Whilst this does not allow the wrong file to be overwritten, after closing the default view, Ark will then attempt to delete the temporary file which could result in the deletion of the incorrect file. After discussions with the vendor, CVE-2011-2725 was assigned to this vulnerability. Technical Details Ark is vulnerable to directory traversal in the way it handles temporary files for rendering when you click view. An archive that has been manipulated such that it contains files in nested folders with the name ../../../whatever will be opened in the default view as /temporary/location/../../../whatever. Moreover when the viewer is closed, QFile::remove will be called on the incorrect location allowing an arbitrary file to be removed. This can be reproduced using the following steps: $ echo pwned > $HOME/pwned $ ls -la $HOME/pwned $ mkdir -p ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/$HOME $ touch ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/ZZ/$HOME/pwned $ zip -r PoC.zip ZZ $ cat PoC.zip | sed "s/ZZ/../g" > PoC-evil.zip $ ark PoC-evil.zip Open the resultant compressed pwned in Ark's default view and you will see $HOME/pwned instead. To cause this file to be deleted, simply close the view. This can be verified by checking the existance of the non-compressed pwned under $HOME: $ ls -la $HOME/pwned This is due to: void Part::slotPreviewExtracted(KJob *job) { // FIXME: the error checking here isn't really working // if there's an error or an overwrite dialog, // the preview dialog will be launched anyway if (!job->error()) { const ArchiveEntry& entry = m_model->entryForIndex(m_view->selectionModel()->currentIndex()); const QString fullName = m_previewDir->name() + QLatin1Char( '/' ) + entry[ FileName ].toString(); ArkViewer::view(fullName, widget()); } else { KMessageBox::error(widget(), job->errorString()); } setReadyGui(); } in part.cpp which differs from: void Part::slotPreview(const QModelIndex & index) { if (!m_previewDir) { m_previewDir = new KTempDir(); } if (!isPreviewable(index)) { return; } const ArchiveEntry& entry = m_model->entryForIndex(index); if (!entry.isEmpty()) { Kerfuffle::ExtractionOptions options; optione[QLatin1String( "PreservePaths" )] = true; ExtractJob *job = m_model->extractFile(entry[ InternalID ], m_previewDir->name(), options); registerJob(job); connect(job, SIGNAL(result(KJob*)), this, SLOT(slotPreviewExtracted(KJob*))); job->start(); } } It appears that LibArchiveInterface::copyFiles truncates the root node such that the leading ../../.. get dropped dring the call to the extractFile method whereas view simply loads m_previewDir->name() + QLatin1Char( '/' ) + entry[ FileName ].toString(). Solutions Nth Dimension recommends that the vendor supplied patches should be applied. History On 29th June 2011, Nth Dimension contacted the KDE security team to report the described vulnerability. On 1st July 2011, Jeff Mitchell of KDE confirmed that he had recieved the report and it had been escalated to Laurent Montel, a KDE developer working on Ark to determine the impact. Laurent examined the Nth Dimension supplied test case to understand the the full extent of the problem. On 25th July 2011, Jeff Mitchell contacted oss-security on behalf of the KDE security team to request a CVE for this vulnerability which was duely assigned. Following the assigment of a CVE for this issue, Nth Dimension and KDE liased to establish a date for final publication of the advisory and patches. At this point Raphael Kubo da Costa of KDE took ownership of the issue. Raphael and Nth Dimension exchanged a number of emails where various proposed solutions were discussed before the final patch was agreed on the 23rd September 2011. At this point it was confirmed that a coordinated disclosure would occur on the 3rd October 2011. Current As of the 4th October 2011, the state of the vulnerabilities is believed to be as follows. A patch has been developed which it is successfully mitigates the issue identified. KDE packaging teams have been notified and vendor specific patches should already be available. Thanks Nth Dimension would like to thank Laurent, Jeff and Raphael of KDE for the way they worked to resolve the issue.



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