WordPress OAuth2 Complete 3.1.3 Insecure Random

Credit: Tom Adams
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes

Details ================ Software: OAuth2 Complete For WordPress Version: 3.1.3 Homepage: http://wordpress.org/plugins/oauth2-provider/ Advisory report: https://security.dxw.com/advisories/the-oauth2-complete-plugin-for-wordpress-uses-a-pseudorandom-number-generator-which-is-non-cryptographically-secure/ CVE: Awaiting assignment CVSS: 10 (High; AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C) Description ================ The OAuth2 Complete plugin for WordPress uses a pseudorandom number generator which is non-cryptographically secure Vulnerability ================ The following refer to the generateAccessToken() function in library/OAuth2/ResponseType/AccessToken.php, andthegenerateAuthorizationCode() function in library/OAuth2/ResponseType/AuthorizationCode.php. These functions attempt to generate secure auth tokens, but do not use the WordPress random number generator. Instead they use a series of fallback calculations depending on which PHP version is being used. Someof these calculationsare not crypographically secure: The first is mcrypt_create_iv(100, MCRYPT_DEV_URANDOM). MCRYPT_DEV_URANDOM is expected to change to a different random value whenever it is called, but on Windows, on older versions of php it is known to be a constant value if no other functions (e.g. /dev/urandom) areavailable then the access token is generated solely using mt_rand(), microtime(), and uniqid(). mt_rand() (Mersenne twister) is not a cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator. According to the documentation mt_rand() is also biassed towards even return values in some circumstances. According to the documentation uniqid() is as secure a PRNG as microtime(). Proof of concept ================ See the documentation: http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.uniqid.php http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.mt-rand.php Mitigations ================ Upgrade to version 3.1.5 or later. If this is not possible then ensure that you are using a recent version of php (at least 5.3), ordisable the plugin. Disclosure policy ================ dxw believes in responsible disclosure. Your attention is drawn to our disclosure policy: https://security.dxw.com/disclosure/ Please contact us on security@dxw.com to acknowledge this report if you received it via a third party (for example, plugins@wordpress.org) as they generally cannot communicate with us on your behalf. This vulnerability will be published if we do not receive a response to this report with 14 days. Timeline ================ 2014-04-16: Discovered 2015-07-21: Reported to vendor by email 2015-07-21: Requested CVE 2015-08-10: Vendor responded 2015-08-11: Vendor confirmed fixed in version3.1.5 2015-08-12:Published Discovered by dxw: ================ Tom Adams Please visit security.dxw.com for more information.



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