Yahoo! Messenger Buffer Overflow

Credit: Julien Ahrens
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-119

CVSS Base Score: 9.3/10
Impact Subscore: 10/10
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6/10
Exploit range: Remote
Attack complexity: Medium
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Complete
Integrity impact: Complete
Availability impact: Complete

RCE Security Advisory 1. ADVISORY INFORMATION ----------------------- Product: Yahoo! Messenger Vendor URL: Type: Stack-based Buffer Overflow [CWE-121] Date found: 2014-05-02 Date published: 2015-09-03 CVSSv3 Score: 4,8 (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:L) CVE: CVE-2014-7216 2. CREDITS ---------- This vulnerability was discovered and researched by Julien Ahrens from RCE Security. 3. VERSIONS AFFECTED -------------------- Yahoo! Messenger v11.5.0.228 (latest) Yahoo! Messenger v10.0.0.2009 older versions may be affected too. 4. INTRODUCTION --------------- Yahoo Messenger is the premier instant messaging (IM) platform, used on a wide variety of desktop and mobile clients. Millions of users throughout the world depend on Yahoo Instant Messenger to manage their social contacts, group lists, and presence information; hold real-time instant communications; and perform data transfer to and from contacts throughout the world. All instantly. (from the vendor's homepage) 5. VULNERABILITY DESCRIPTION ---------------------------- Multiple buffer overflow vulnerabilities have been identified in Yahoo! Messenger v11.5.0.228 and prior. The application loads the content of the file emoticons.xml from two different directories %PROGRAMFILES(x86)%\Yahoo!\Messenger\Cache and %PROGRAMFILES(x86)%\Yahoo!\Messenger\Media\Smileys when a user logins to determine the available emoticons and their associated shortcuts, which can be used in the chat window. But the application does not properly validate the length of the string of the "shortcut" and "title" key values before passing them as an argument to different lstrcpyW calls. This leads to a stack-based buffer overflow condition, resulting in possible code execution. An attacker needs to trick the victim to copy an arbitrary emoticons package to the application directory in order to exploit the vulnerability. Successful exploits can allow attackers to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the user running the application. Failed exploits will result in a denial-of-service condition. 6. PROOF-OF-CONCEPT (VULNERABLE CODE PARTS) ------------------------------------------- YahooMessenger.exe: title value: 0051D2C1 PUSH DWORD PTR DS:[EAX] ; /String2 0051D2C3 LEA EAX,DWORD PTR SS:[EBP] ; | 0051D2C6 PUSH EAX ; |String1 0051D2C7 CALL DWORD PTR DS:[<&KERNEL32.lstrcpyW>; \lstrcpyW shortcut value: 0051D326 PUSH DWORD PTR DS:[ESI+4] ; /String2 0051D329 LEA EAX,DWORD PTR SS:[EBP] ; | 0051D32C PUSH EAX ; |String1 0051D32D CALL DWORD PTR DS:[<&KERNEL32.lstrcpyW>>; \lstrcpyW 7. SOLUTION ----------- None. Won't be fixed. 8. REPORT TIMELINE ------------------ 2014-05-02: Discovery of the vulnerability 2014-05-03: Reported via Yahoo! Bug Bounty program ( 2014-07-19: Vendor forwards the issue to the dev team 2014-08-31: Request for status update due to Yahoo's 120-day policy 2014-09-10: Vendor is still evaluating the issue 2014-09-20: Vendor closes the issue as "Won't fix" due to EOL 2014-10-01: MITRE assigns CVE-2014-7216 2014-10-05: Request to disclose the bug publicly 2015-08-14: Vendor approves the disclosure 2015-09-03: Advisory released 9. REFERENCES -------------


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