Securimage 3.6.2 Cross Site Scripting

2016.03.23
Credit: RedTeam
Risk: Low
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: CWE-79

Advisory: Cross-site Scripting in Securimage 3.6.2 RedTeam Pentesting discovered a cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the Securimage CAPTCHA software, which allows attackers to inject arbitrary JavaScript code via a crafted URL. Details ======= Product: Securimage Affected Versions: >= 3.2RC1 Fixed Versions: 3.6.4 Vulnerability Type: Cross-site Scripting Security Risk: high Vendor URL: https://www.phpcaptcha.org/ Vendor Status: fixed version released Advisory URL: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/advisories/rt-sa-2016-002 Advisory Status: published CVE: GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH CVE URL: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH Introduction ============ "Securimage is an open-source free PHP CAPTCHA script for generating complex images and CAPTCHA codes to protect forms from spam and abuse. It can be easily added into existing forms on your website to provide protection from spam bots. It can run on most any web server as long as you have PHP installed, and GD support within PHP. Securimage does everything from generating the CAPTCHA images to validating the typed code. Audible codes can be streamed to the browser with Flash for the vision impaired." (from the project's homepage) More Details ============ The Securimage download package and GitHub repository include several example scripts to demonstrate the usage of the library. Among these scripts is the file example_form.ajax.php. It returns JavaScript code that includes an unencoded value from the variable $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] directly embedded into the website. In Securimage versions from 3.2RC1 to 3.5 the following code is vulnerable: ------------------------------------------------------------------------ function processForm() { new Ajax.Request('<?php echo $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] ?>', { method: 'post', parameters: $('contact_form').serialize(), onSuccess: function(transport) { ------------------------------------------------------------------------ In Securimage versions from 3.5.2 to 3.6.2 the following code is vulnerable: ------------------------------------------------------------------------ function processForm() { jQuery.ajax({ url: '<?php echo $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] ?>', type: 'POST', data: jQuery('#contact_form').serialize(), dataType: 'json', }).done(function(data) { ------------------------------------------------------------------------ The problem here is that the value of the variable $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] can, depending on the configuration of the web server, often be manipulated by an attacker to include special characters like apostrophes. Proof of Concept ================ The following URL can be used to demonstrate the vulnerability for Securimage versions from 3.2RC1 to 3.5 on with a vulnerable web server configuration: http://www.example.com/example_form.ajax.php/');}alert('RedTeam Pentesting');a=function(){a(' Securimage versions from 3.5.2 to 3.6.2 can be exploited with the following URL: http://www.example.com/example_form.ajax.php/'});}alert('RedTeam Pentesting');a=function(){a({x:' The result is a notification showing the text "RedTeam Pentesting". The value of the variable $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] is embedded in verbatim into the HTML source code of the resulting web page. Workaround ========== The file example_form.ajax.php should be deleted from the Securimage directory on a web server. Fix === Update to version 3.6.4. Security Risk ============= This security vulnerability is rated as a high risk. It allows executing arbitrary JavaScript code in users' browsers if they access URLs prepared by attackers. This provides many possibilities for further attacks against these users. Since Securimage is usually used as a software library to provide CAPTCHA functionality for web applications, the vulnerability could be used to exploit all web applications hosted on the same domain. Timeline ======== 2016-02-03 Vulnerability identified 2016-02-12 Customer approved disclosure to vendor 2016-02-23 CVE number requested 2016-02-24 CVE number not assigned, "non-prioritized product" 2016-03-02 Vendor contacted 2016-03-03 Vendor releases fixed version 2016-03-22 Advisory released References ========== https://www.phpcaptcha.org/uncategorized/securimage-3-6-4-released/ RedTeam Pentesting GmbH ======================= RedTeam Pentesting offers individual penetration tests performed by a team of specialised IT-security experts. Hereby, security weaknesses in company networks or products are uncovered and can be fixed immediately. As there are only few experts in this field, RedTeam Pentesting wants to share its knowledge and enhance the public knowledge with research in security-related areas. The results are made available as public security advisories. More information about RedTeam Pentesting can be found at: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/ -- RedTeam Pentesting GmbH Tel.: +49 241 510081-0 Dennewartstr. 25-27 Fax : +49 241 510081-99 52068 Aachen https://www.redteam-pentesting.de Germany Registergericht: Aachen HRB 14004 Geschftsfhrer: Patrick Hof, Jens Liebchen

References:

https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/advisories/rt-sa-2016-002


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