Hide.Me VPN Client 1.2.4 - Privilege Escalation

Credit: sh4d0wman
Risk: Medium
Local: Yes
Remote: No
CWE: CWE-276

Title: Hide.Me VPN Client - EoP: User to SYSTEM CWE Class: CWE-276: Incorrect Default Permissions Date: 01/06/2016 Vendor: eVenture Product: Hide.Me VPN Client Version: 1.2.4 Download link: https://hide.me/en/software/windows Tested on: Windows 7 x86, fully patched Release mode: no bugbounty program, public release Installer Name: Hide.me-Setup-1.2.4.exe MD5: e5e5e2fa2c9592660a180357c4482740 SHA1: 4729c45d6399c759cd8f6a0c5773e08c6c57e034 - 1. Introduction: - The installer automatically creates a folder named "hide.me VPN" under c:program files for the software. No other location can be specified during installation. The folder has insecure permissions allowing EVERYONE the WRITE permission. Users can replace binaries or plant malicious DLLs to obtain elevated privileges. As the software is running one executable as service under SYSTEM permissions an attacker could elevate from regular user to SYSTEM. - 2. Technical Details/PoC: - A. Obtain and execute the installer. B. Observe there is no prompt to specify an installation location. C. Review permissions under the Explorer Security tab or run icacls.exe Example: C:Program Fileshide.me VPN Everyone:(OI)(CI)(M) NT SERVICETrustedInstaller:(I)(F) NT SERVICETrustedInstaller:(I)(CI)(IO)(F) NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM:(I)(F) NT AUTHORITYSYSTEM:(I)(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) BUILTINAdministrators:(I)(F) BUILTINAdministrators:(I)(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) BUILTINUsers:(I)(RX) BUILTINUsers:(I)(OI)(CI)(IO)(GR,GE) CREATOR OWNER:(I)(OI)(CI)(IO)(F) Successfully processed 1 files; Failed processing 0 files C. A user can overwrite an executable or drop a malicious DLL to obtain code execution. The highest permissions are reached by overwriting the service executable: vpnsvc.exe However it is running at startup and can't be stopped by a non-privileged user. As we can write to the directory we can rename all of the DLL's to DLL.old C:Program Fileshide.me VPNCommon.dll C:Program Fileshide.me VPNSharpRaven.dll C:Program Fileshide.me VPNComLib.dll C:Program Fileshide.me VPNvpnlib.dll C:Program Fileshide.me VPNNewtonsoft.Json.dll C:Program Fileshide.me VPNDotRas.dll Once renamed, reboot the machine, log on as normal user. E. Observe both application AND the system service have crashed. Now replace vpnsvc.exe with a malicious copy. Place back all original DLLS and reboot. Our code will get executed under elevated permissions: SYSTEM. - 3. Mitigation: - A. set appropriate permissions on the application folder. - 4. Author: - sh4d0wman

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