Cisco Firepower Threat Management Console Hard-Coded MySQL Credentials

2016.10.06
Credit: Matt Bergin
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CWE: CWE-798


CVSS Base Score: 4.6/10
Impact Subscore: 6.4/10
Exploitability Subscore: 3.9/10
Exploit range: Local
Attack complexity: Low
Authentication: No required
Confidentiality impact: Partial
Integrity impact: Partial
Availability impact: Partial

KL-001-2016-005 : Cisco Firepower Threat Management Console Hard-coded MySQL Credentials Title: Cisco Firepower Threat Management Console Hard-coded MySQL Credentials Advisory ID: KL-001-2016-005 Publication Date: 2016.10.05 Publication URL: https://www.korelogic.com/Resources/Advisories/KL-001-2016-005.txt 1. Vulnerability Details Affected Vendor: Cisco Affected Product: Firepower Threat Management Console Affected Version: Cisco Fire Linux OS 6.0.1 (build 37/build 1213) Platform: Embedded Linux CWE Classification: CWE-798: Use of Hard-coded Credentials Impact: Authentication Bypass CVE-ID: CVE-2016-6434 2. Vulnerability Description The root account for the local MySQL database has poor password complexity. 3. Technical Description root@firepower:/Volume/6.0.1# mysql -u root --password=admin Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure. Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 23348 Server version: 5.6.24-enterprise-commercial-advanced-log MySQL Enterprise Server - Advanced Edition (Commercial) Copyright (c) 2000, 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql> show databases; +--------------------+ | Database | +--------------------+ | information_schema | | Sourcefire | | external_data | | external_schema | | mysql | | performance_schema | | sfsnort | +--------------------+ 7 rows in set (0.00 sec) mysql> Note that mysqld listens only on loopback, so a remote attacker would have to leverage some other condition to be able to reach the mysql daemon. 4. Mitigation and Remediation Recommendation The vendor has acknowledged this vulnerability but has not released a fix for the issue. Vendor acknowledgement available at: https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20161005-ftmc1 5. Credit This vulnerability was discovered by Matt Bergin (@thatguylevel) of KoreLogic, Inc. 6. Disclosure Timeline 2016.06.30 - KoreLogic sends vulnerability report and PoC to Cisco. 2016.06.30 - Cisco acknowledges receipt of vulnerability report. 2016.07.20 - KoreLogic and Cisco discuss remediation timeline for this vulnerability and for 3 others reported in the same product. 2016.08.12 - 30 business days have elapsed since the vulnerability was reported to Cisco. 2016.09.02 - 45 business days have elapsed since the vulnerability was reported to Cisco. 2016.09.09 - KoreLogic asks for an update on the status of the remediation efforts. 2016.09.15 - Cisco confirms remediation is underway and soon to be completed. 2016.09.28 - Cisco informs KoreLogic that the acknowledgement details will be released publicly on 2016.10.05. 2016.10.05 - Public disclosure. 7. Proof of Concept See Technical Description The contents of this advisory are copyright(c) 2016 KoreLogic, Inc. and are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 (United States) License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ KoreLogic, Inc. is a founder-owned and operated company with a proven track record of providing security services to entities ranging from Fortune 500 to small and mid-sized companies. We are a highly skilled team of senior security consultants doing by-hand security assessments for the most important networks in the U.S. and around the world. We are also developers of various tools and resources aimed at helping the security community. https://www.korelogic.com/about-korelogic.html Our public vulnerability disclosure policy is available at: https://www.korelogic.com/KoreLogic-Public-Vulnerability-Disclosure-Policy.v2.2.txt


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