Microsoft Internet Explorer 9 MSHTML CPtsTextParaclient::CountApes Out-Of-Bounds Read

2016.11.08
Credit: SkyLined
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: N/A

Throughout November, I plan to release details on vulnerabilities I found in web-browsers which I've not released before. This is the third entry in that series. The below information is also available on my blog at http://blog.skylined.nl/20161104001.html. There you can find a repro that triggered this issue in addition to the information below. Follow me on http://twitter.com/berendjanwever for daily browser bugs. MSIE 9 MSHTML CPtsTextParaclient::CountApes out-of-bounds read ============================================================== Synopsis -------- A specially crafted webpage can cause Microsoft Internet Explorer 9 to access data before the start of a memory block. An attack that is able to control what is stored before this memory block may be able to disclose information from memory or execute arbitrary code. Known affected versions, attack vectors and mitigations ------------------------------------------------------- + **Microsoft Internet Explorer 9** An attacker would need to get a target user to open a specially crafted webpage. As far as can be determined, disabling JavaScript should prevent an attacker from triggering the vulnerable code path. Description ----------- It's quite common in MSIE for an object to "contain" another object in memory, and for MSIE to add offsets to pointers to find a contained object, or to subtract offsets to find the container of such a contained object. It appears that this vulnerability revolves around MSIE assuming one object is contained inside another, whereas in reality it is not. The code is using a flag in the object to determine if it is a "stand-alone" object or a "contained" object. The bug is that either the code is using this flag incorrectly (the flag is correct, but does not indicate the object is a "contained" object) or the flag has been set incorrectly (the code is correct, but the flag should not have been set as the object is not "contained" in another object). Eventually, a method is called to operate on an object using a pointer at an offset *before* allocated memory. Exploitation ------------ Using Heap Feng-Shui, it may be possible to allocated a heap block immediately before the one used in the bug and control its content in order to control the data the code is operating on. Unfortunately, at the time I did not look at what the code did with the data if the access violation could be prevented, so it's not possible for me to say exactly what an attacker might do with this vulnerability. But one can speculate that this might allow an attacker to have the code use some secret value (e.g. a pointer to a function in a modules) in a way that allows him/her to retrieve the value (i.e. information disclosure). It might be possible to have the code modify a value located anywhere in memory, and/or have the code call/jump to a location of an attackers choosing (i.e. arbitrary code execution). I did not investigate the crash on x64, but I can only imagine the code is the same, but the offsets are different. Cheers, SkyLined Repro: <!DOCTYPE html> <!-- This file must be loaded inside an iframe in another web-page to trigger the vulnerability. --> <html> <head> <style> oElement1 { position: absolute; } oElement2:after { position: relative; content: counter(x); } </style> <script> onload = function () { oElement1 = document.createElement('oElement1'); document.documentElement.appendChild(oElement1); oElement2 = document.createElement('oElement2'); document.documentElement.appendChild(oElement2); }; </script> </head> </html>

References:

http://blog.skylined.nl/20161104001.html


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