MATESO GmbH Password Safe And Repository 7.4.4 b2247 SQL Injection

Credit: Matthias Deeg
Risk: Medium
Local: No
Remote: Yes

Advisory ID: SYSS-2015-035 Product(s): Password Safe and Repository Enterprise Manufacturer: MATESO GmbH Affected Version(s): 7.4.4 Build 2247 Tested Version(s): 7.4.4 Build 2247 Vulnerability Type: Violation of Secure Design Principles (CWE-657) SQL Injection (CWE-89) Risk Level: High Solution Status: Fixed Manufacturer Notification: 2015-07-09 Solution Date: 2016-10-18 Public Disclosure: 2017-04-10 CVE Reference: Not yet assigned Author of Advisory: Matthias Deeg (SySS GmbH) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Overview: Password Safe and Repository Enterprise is a password management software for companies with many features. The vendor MATESO GmbH describes the product as follows (see [1]): "Manage your passwords in the company according to your security needs! Features such as password policies, multi-eyes principle, workflow and task system makes management productive and safe. The integrated rights management system with data transfer option and automatic synchronization with Active Directory ensures that your employees can only access data which they are entitled to." ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Vulnerability Details: SySS GmbH found out that the password management software Password Safe and Repository Enterprise violates secure design principles and insufficiently implements user input validation concerning database access via SQL statements. These vulnerabilities enable an attacker to manipulate SQL statements on the client side using a "malicious client" in order to perform privilege escalation attacks or to gain authorized read and write access to other user's data. Different SQL statements that are created on the client side in the context of different functionalities of the password management client software can be manipulated and thus exploited for such attacks. These vulnerabilities both affect the online and the offline mode of the password management software, but there may be different requirements for a successful exploitation like valid user credentials. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Proof of Concept (PoC): 1) Privilege escalation by retrieving information of another user In order to perform a privilege escalation attack in the online mode of the password management software Password Safe and Repository Enterprise from the perspective of an authorized low-privileged user, the parameter "ID" of the following SQL statement simply has to be manipulated: SELECT * FROM tdUsers WHERE ID=<USER ID> This SQL statement is used by the client software in the online mode for retrieving user information from the server system after a successful user login. If the parameter "ID" is set to a valid user ID of another existing user, for example the built-in administrator account who has usually the user ID 1, the application can be used with the privileges of the user with the chosen user ID. 2) Privilege escalation by setting new user rights Another possibility to perform a privilege escalation attack in the online mode from the perspective of a low-privileged user is to manipulate the following SQL statement that is used to update the user's last login date: UPDATE tdUsers SET LastLogin = julianday('<DATE>'), ChangeDate = julianday('<DATE>') WHERE ID = <USER ID> By replacing this UPDATE SQL statement by the following one, the user rights of an arbitrary user can be modified, for example by setting all available rights: UPDATE tdUsers SET UserRights = '11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111' WHERE ID = <USER ID> ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Solution: The MATESO GmbH released the new software version Password Safe and Repository Enterprise 8 that is not affected by the described security issues. Please contact the manufacturer for further information or support. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Disclosure Timeline: 2015-07-09: Vulnerability reported to manufacturer 2015-07-09: Manufacturer acknowledges e-mail with SySS security advisory 2015-07-30: Scheduling of the publication date in agreement with the manufacturer 2015-10-02: Rescheduling of the publication date in agreement with the manufacturer 2016-10-18: Manufacturer presents new software version with fixed security issues 2017-04-10: Public release of security advisory ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ References: [1] Product website for Password Safe and Repository Enterprise [2] SySS Security Advisory SYSS-2015-035 [3] SySS Responsible Disclosure Policy ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Credits: This security vulnerability was found by Matthias Deeg of SySS GmbH. E-Mail: matthias.deeg (at) Public Key: Key fingerprint = D1F0 A035 F06C E675 CDB9 0514 D9A4 BF6A 34AD 4DAB ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Disclaimer: The information provided in this security advisory is provided "as is" and without warranty of any kind. Details of this security advisory may be updated in order to provide as accurate information as possible. The latest version of this security advisory is available on the SySS Web site. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Copyright: Creative Commons - Attribution (by) - Version 3.0 URL:

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